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【转载】人教新版八年级下册Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?精讲精练Section A  

2017-03-26 21:37:17|  分类: 初二下册 练习题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?精讲精练Section A

 

1. Why don’t you talk to your parents? 你为什么不和你打父母谈谈呢?

【解析】Why don't you do sth. ?= Why not do sth.? 为什么不......呢?

【拓展】用于提建议的句型有:

(1) What about doing sth. ?=How about doing sth.?  ….怎么样?

(2) Why don’t you do sth.?= Why not do sth.? 为什么不呢?

(3) Let’s do sth. 让我们一起做某事吧。

(4) Shall we/I do sth.? 我们做好吗?

(5) had better do/not do sth. 最好做/不做某事

(6) Will/Would you please do sth. 请你做好吗?

(7) Would you like to do sth.? 你想去做某事吗?

(8) Would you mind doing sth.?你介意做某事吗?

【回答】

(1). 同意对方的建议时,一般用:

 ◆ Good idea. / That’s good idea. 好主意    

 ◆OK/ All right. / Great. / /太好了

 ◆ Yes, please. / I’d love to. 是的/ 我愿意    

 ◆ I agree with you. 我同意你的看法

 ◆ No problem. 没问题                   

 ◆Sure./ Of course./ Certainly. 当然可以

 ◆Yes, I think so. 对,我也这样想

(2).对对方的帮助或要求表示委婉谢绝时,一般用:

 ◆ I don’t think so. 我认为不是这样    

 ◆Sorry, I can’t. 对不起,我不能

 ◆I’d love to, but…我愿意,但恐怕……                  

 ◆ I’m afraid… 恐怕……

2013天津435.— Why not go to Lao She Teahouse tonight?                 — ______.

                   A. It doesn't matter.    B. Thank you.   C. Sorry to hear that.  D. Sounds great.

2013广东广州425.—I feel really tired.                       —______

                    A. Lucky you!               B. You’d better work harder.

                  C. Congratulations!           D. Why not go and have a rest?

2013四川凉山337. —It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

                        —Yes.  ______ going hiking and relax ourselves?

                         A. Why not    B. Why don’t    C. What about

2013湖南益阳】You look too tired. Why not _____ a rest?

   A. Stop to have    B. to stop having    C. stop having

2. I have to study too much so I don’t get enough sleep. 我要学的太多,因此我睡眠不足。

【解析1(1)too many + 复数名词 许多  too many people

          (2)too much +不可数名词 许多 too much homework

(3)much too +形容词    much too cold

2013山东德州1— What’s the matter?

                  — I have a stomachache. Maybe I have eaten ___ tonight.

                     A. too much   B. too many    C. much too

【解析2so  conj. 因此

       (表示因果关系,后面跟表示结果的句子,不与because同时使用)

2013浙江舟山、嘉兴118. The shops were closed_______ I didn't get any milk.

                           A. so      B. as      C. or           D. but

3. My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends. 我的父母不允许我和我的朋友们出去闲逛。

【解析】allow sb.. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

【拓展】allow  v 允许

allow doing sth. 允许做某事       They don’t allow smoking.

allow sb.. to do sth. 允许某人做某事My mother allows me to watch TV.

be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事

①We don’t allow ___________(smoke) in the reading room.

②Our teacher allows us ____________(go) out for a walk.

③The boy should be allowed____(play) after supper.

④We won’t allow ________in the cinema .But you are allowed ______in the rest room.(smoke)

⑤Teenagers should ___________ (allow) to choose their own clothes.

2013辽宁鞍山3 25. —Can I smoke in the dining hall?

                      —Sorry. It's not_________.

                       A. promised   B. realized   C. allowed   D. reminded

【拓展】allowlet的辨析:

allow允许,表示默许,听任,不加阻止

allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事。

Letlet sb. do sth.让某人做某事,语意较弱,多用于口语中,let不能用于被动语态。

4. What’s wrong? 怎么啦?

【解析】What’s wrong( with sb../ sth.) (某人/物) 怎么了?

2013四川南充】— Mum , I’m not feeling well.

                — Oh, dear! _____.

                   A. What’s wrong?    B. Not at all.    C. All right.

5. I’m really tried because I studied until midnight last night. 我真的很累,因为我昨天晚上一直学习到半夜。

【解析】until 直到......

2013山东临沂223. Please hold on to your dream _____ one day it comes true.

                     A. if             B. until       C. unless      D. though

2013山东青岛313. If you have trouble pronouncing these words, you can repeat them over and over again ______ you are comfortable with them.   A. unless              B. if           C. until         D. while

2013浙江丽水318. —Hey, man. You can’t cross the street now. You have to wait _____the traffic turn green.    —Oh, sorry and thank you.     A. when       B. after      C. until     D. while

6. Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening? 今天晚上你为什么不早点睡觉呢?

【解析】go to sleep 去睡觉 (强调入睡,睡着这一动作)

        Fall asleep睡觉 (强调入睡,睡着这一状态)

7. You look sad, Kim. 金,你看起来很伤心。

【解析】look 看起来 (系动词,后跟形容词作宾语)

2012江苏苏州3Some of friends eat with their eyes. They prefer to (更喜欢) what ____ nice.

A. feels     B. smells    C. looks   D. tastes

【拓展】:系动词:后跟adj. 作表语

一是:(be am /is /are  be quiet=keep quiet 保持安静

二保持:stay/keep (表示持续状态)    stay healthy=keep healthy 保持健康

三变化:become/get/turn  (表示状态变化)

五起来:sound/look/smell/taste/feel (表示感觉)

(    ) Jack usually gets ______ when he speaks in public.

     A. happily   B. exciting   C. worried   D. tired

(    ) Tom’s father looks very _____. But he is very kind.

      A. seriously    B. serious   C. friendly

8.  You call him up. 你给他打电话。

【解析】call up (v + adv)    call on 拜访;号召

I call up my parents every Sunday.

9.Well, I found my sister looking through my things yesterday. 哦,昨天我发现我妹妹翻了我的东西。

【解析1find sb.. doing sth. 发现某人正在做某事

Mr. Wang found Li Dong reading a storybook in the class.

类似动词:hearwatch, see, feel

【贵州安顺】When I went into the room, I found ___ in bed.

            A. him lying    B. he lying   C. he lies    D. him was lying

【解析2look through 浏览

【拓展】与look相关的短语:

look for 寻找            look after=take care of照看

look like看起来像        look the same看起来一样

look over检查,复习       look through温习,检查

look out小心,从里向外看  look up向上看,查单词

look around环视         look forward to期望

2013四川泸州】9. Can you help me to _______ my dog when I leave for Hong Kong?

                A. look after    B. look for    C. look at     D. look through

2013湖北十堰】30. Here is the book. First _________ it and then tell me what you think of it.

                      A. look into      B. look through      C. look up      D. look after

10. Yes, but I’m still angry with her. 是的,但是我仍然很生她的气。

【解析】be angry with sb.. 生某人的气

【拓展】angry adj. 生气的→ angrily adv. 生气地

(1)be angry with sb.. =be mad at sb.. 对某人生气【with后接人】

(2)be angry at/about sth.对某事感到生气 at后接事】

(3)be angry to do sth. 做某事感到生气

【记】 My father was very __________(……生气)his computer.

He hit the computer _______(angry)

(    ) — Why are you unhappy, Kate?

       — I didn’t finish my homework again. I’m afraid Miss Gao will be ___ me.

         A. angry with    B. friendly to    C. proud of

(    ) I was very angry ____ myself ___ making such as a stupid mistakes.

      A. at; at        B. with; for     C. at; with    D. with; at

2013枣庄】88. I got home for my birthday from my college on Friday evening. No one was at home, and Mom and Dad hadn’t left me a note. This made me _________. 

               A. surprised       B. happy      C. angry        D. excited

2013吉林3103. I felt sorry that I dropped the juice on Tina’s bed. But she wasn’t _____at all.

                  A. excited           B. happy            C. angry

11. Although she’s wrong, It’s not a big deal. 尽管她错了,但也不是什么大错。

【解析1although= though 尽管 , 用来引导让步状语从句。

【注】though / although 不能与but连用

2012曲靖中考】 ____ my father isn’t pleased with his working environment, he still works hard.

                 A. And   B. Although   C. But    D. Before

2013福建福州341. — The boy can speak both English and Japanese _________ he is only ten.

                    — Wow, what a clever boy!

      A. if            B. because       C. although

2013浙江宁波332. —Look! Some people are running the red lights.

                     —We should wait _______ others are breaking the rule.

                       A. if  B. unless  C. although  D. because

【拓展】although/however辨析

⑴although conj虽然;即使;纵然,引导让步状语从句时放在主句前后都可。

Although he is very old, yet he is quite strong.他虽然年纪大了,但身体还很健壮。

⑵ however adv,在句中作插入语,起一个连词的作用,一般用逗号与句子分开,可以放在句首或句中,意为然而,尽管如此

It’s raining hard, however, I think we should go out. 雨下的很大,尽管如此,我认为我们还应该出去。

【解析2It’s not a big deal. 没什么大不了;不是什么大事(常用于口语中)

You left your homework at home. 你把作业忘在家里了。

【解析】leave v 遗忘,留下

leave sth. . somewhere把某物忘在某地

leave sb.. by oneself 把某人单独留下

2012山东济宁】22.—Sorry, Mr. Green. I have ____ my homework at home.

—Never mind. But don't forger next time.

A. put     B. kept    C. left    D. remained

12. Hope things work out. 希望事情顺利解决。

【解析1hope v 希望 

hope to do sth.     I hope to visit Guilin.

hope + that 从句 (表示希望)  I hope that you’ll be better soon

 wish v 希望   wish to do sth.     I wish to visit Guilin.

 wish sb..to do sth. 希望某人做某事 I wish you to go.

wish +that 从句   表示愿望,从句用虚拟语气   I wish I were you.

【解析2work out 解决;成功地发展,后跟fine,well, badly等词,表明产生的结果如何。

计算出(答案、数量、价格等)

The math problem is too difficult for me to work out

制定出(计划等)

I have worked out a new way of doing it.

 

 

 

 


work out 

 

解决;找出的答案

The government has many problems to work out.

 

 

 

 


2013四川遂宁330. The teachers encourage their students to ____ the problems by themselves, and in this way students can enjoy success.

                   A. give up       B. work out        C. look through

13. My problem is I can’t get on with my favorite. 我的问题是我不能喝我的家人和睦相处。

【解析】get on with sb. =get along with sb. 和某人和睦相处;和某人关系良好

        get on well/ badly with 相处的好/

2013山西126. A student in Fudan University was killed by his roommate just because of small things in daily life. It is important for students to learn how to ________ each other.

                   A. get on with                  B. come over to             C. stay away from

2013湖北】32. —What kind of persons do you prefer to make friends with?

              —I choose my friends on their characters and how we __________.

                     A. get in            B. get up        C. get on        D. get off

14. When they argue, it’s like a big, black cloud hanging over our home. 当他们争吵的时候,就像有一大团乌云笼罩在我们家。

【解析1argue 争吵

→argument n 争论  have an argument with sb..与某人辩论

argue with sb.. 与某人争吵

argue with sb.. about sth. 为某事与某人争吵

argue about sth. 争论某事

argue against 争辩;反对 He argued against the plan

2013辽宁锦州】11. —He looks unhappy today.   —Let’s          .

                     A. cheer him up       B. help out him 

C. look him after      D. argue with him

 

 【解析2 hang over  挂在......之上; 悬浮在......之上

hang out 闲逛;常去某处 He likes reading and he often hangs out in the bookshop.

  hang on to 紧紧抓住     You’d better hang on to me in the crowd.

hang up 挂电话;悬挂           After she finished her conversation

15. Also, my elder brother is not very nice to me. 同时,我哥哥对我也不太友善。

【解析】elder adj.年纪较长的  His elder brother is ill.

elder

用来表示兄弟姐妹及子女之间的长幼关系,常用作定语

older

泛指新旧、老幼或年龄的大小关系,可以用作表语,是old的比较级形式。

【记】 My ______brother is 7 years older than my younger sister.

2013南京2 I’m surprised that John is only 25. I thought he was ________ , for he seems to be in his thirties.

A. old     B. older       C. young      D. younger

【解析2be nice to sb.. 对某人友好

          be friendly to sb..

          be good to sb..

16. He always refuses to let me watch my favorite TV show. 他总是拒绝让我看我最喜欢的电视节目。

【解析】refuse =say no to  v拒绝

        refuse to do sth.拒绝去做某事

The boy refused __________(go) to see his father with us.

(    ) He refused when I asked him for help. A. said yes        B. said no      C. said hello

2013浙江宁波】74. He invited her to his birthday party but she _______(拒绝).

17. Instead he watches whatever he wants until late at night. 相反,他却想看什么酒看什么, 一直到深夜。

【解析1 instead 代替,反而,替

          (1) instead  副词,代替,常放在句首或句尾,表示前面的事情没做,而做了后面的事情。

Lee was ill so I went instead.李病了,所以我去了。

 (2) instead of +n/doing 代替,而不是,放在句中

instead of 为介词短语,后面一般接名词、代词、介词短语或动名词形式。

She wrote to him instead of calling him. =She didn’t call him. She wrote to him instead.

她没有给他打电话,而是给他写了封信。

 (     ) Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit _____ rich food.

         A. instead   B. instead of   C. because of   D. because

2011江苏徐州414. We’ve got no coffee. Let’s have tea _______.    A. either  B. however       C. yet      D. instead

2013江苏盐城】59.To keep fit, we should have more vegetables and fruit _________(代替) of too much meat.

【解析2  whatever = no matter what 任何,每一

2013甘肃兰州】_________ happens, I won’t change my mind.(无论什么)

18. If your parents are having problems, you should offer to help. 如果你的父母有问题,你应该主动提供帮助。

【解析】 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

【拓展】offer v 主动给予

(1) offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

(2)offer sb.. sth.= offer sth. to sb.. 主动提供给某人某物

(     ) The little boy _____ his seat to the old lady on the crowded bus.     A. offered   B. brought  C. lent  D. took

2013山东莱芜227.      The little boy ________ his seat to an old lady on the crowded bus.

A. lent     B. offered    C. took      D. brought

19. Secondly,why don’t you sit down and communicate with your brother? 其次,你为什么不能坐下来和你的哥哥交流一下呢?

【解析1secondly  adv.第二;其次

【解析2communicate v交流  communication n 交流;沟通

communicate with sb.. 和某人交流

     They communicate with each other by QQ.

(    ) They can’t understand each other so they have difficulty in _____.

      A. communicate    B. communicated    C. communicating

20. You should explain that you don’t mind him watching TV all the time. 你应该跟他解释说你并不介意他一直看电视。

【解析】explain 解释;说明 → explanation n 解释;说明

explain sth. to sb.. 向某人解释某事。

  explain to sb. sth.给某人解释某事

【江苏扬州】Mr. Wu always spends a lot of time __________(解释) things to us.

2012浙江宁波】22. —Do you ________that Nancy has been a little too quiet these days?

—Yes. She didn't even say a word this afternoon.A. hope  B. notice C. explain  D. decide

21. I’m worried about my school grades. 我很胆小我的学习成绩。

【解析】 be worried about sth.. 担心某事

【拓展】worry v 担心 → worried adj. 焦急的

worry about = be worried about ……担心

① Don’t be _________(worry). You’ll catch up with others.

(     )② Don’t ____ about things so much. It will make you stressed out.

A.    afraid  B. worry  C. worried  D. Terrified

2013绍兴】91. You look _________  . What's up, sir?    I can't find my ticket, but it's time to check in.

                  A. sleepy    B. hungry     C. tired       D. worried

22. My cousin borrows my things without returning them. 我堂弟借我东西没有还我。

【解析】return  ⑴v 归还=give back

return ... to ... = give back to ... ......还给......

⑵ v 回来;返回 = come back      

2012浙江宁波】He borrowed my iphone 4 and didn’t ________(归还) it to me.

人教新版八年级下册Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?精讲精练Section A - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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