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quickly, quick, fast, soon  

2016-07-20 12:45:21|  分类: 词语辨析 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 1 易混词语辨析

一、    quickly, quick, fast, soon r .

这四个词都有的意思,都可用作副词,其区别是:

quickly侧重指事情发生或完成得快,延续的时间短,常被用来描述人的思维敏捷、反应快速或动作敏捷等。如:

Quickly, open the door! 快,开门!

The next morning, the teacher asked the boy, “How did you find the answer so quickly?”

第二天早晨老师问男孩:你怎么能够这么快就找到了答案呢?

The young man ran away quickly.

这个年轻人很快逃走了。

Quick指用较短的时间 完成某事,常用来形容在智力方面反应灵敏,可用作形容词。如:

Come quick! 快来啊!

Please give me a quick reply. 请迅速给我稍答复。

fast 一般指物体的运动速度快,常用来形容交通工具跑得快,钟走得快,人的动作快等,可用作形容词,有时可与quick换用。如:

A car goes faster than a track.

小汽车跑得比卡车快。

How fast the horse runs!

马跑得真快呀!

soon 马上 (时间快)

例题: See you ______ . He runs _____ . He is a _____ worker.

二、differently, different, difference

differently是副词,意为不同地,有区别地。如:

I think differently from him.

我和他想的不一样。

different是形容词,意为不同的,有区别的,可作定语和表语,常用词组是be different from…, 意为……不同。如:

There are different kinds of animals in the woods.

森林里有不同种类的动物。

My computer is different from yours.

我的电脑与你的不一样。

Mine is very different form yours.

我的和你的很不一样。

difference 是名词。常与between连用,构成difference between…and…意为…….之间不同。如:

Can you tell the difference between the twins? 你能区分这对双胞胎吗?

There are some differences between cars and buses .

三、aloud, loud, loudly

这三个词都与大声”“响亮有关。

aloud 是副词,大声地(人声)” , 重点在出声,能让人听到,介声音不一定很大,常用在读书或说话上,只有与cry, shout, call等动词连用时 ,才有大声的意思,通常放在动词之后,没有比较级形式。如:

It’s good to read aloud often.

经常大声读书是有好处的。

loud可作形容词或副词,作形容词时,loud adj&adv “大声的/(人声)”, 可作定语或表语。用作副词时,一般指谈笑方面,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多使用比较级,放在动词之后。如:He broke the window with a loud voice. Don’t talk so loud.

Suddenly we heard a loud cry. 突然我们听到一声大叫。

He told us to speak a little louder. 他叫我们说话大声一点。

loudly是副词,与loud同义,吵闹地(各种声音)” 有时两者可替换使用,但往往含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如:

She does not like to talk loudly or laugh loudly in public.

她不喜欢在众人面前大声谈笑。

四、study learn

 ( study 强调研究” study the pronunciation of English “研究英语发音”)

learn可接不定式短语,study则不能; e.g. It’s never too old to learn .

learn可指学习某人的品质和精神, study则不能; e.g. We must learn from Lei Feng .

对比工作强调上学时只能用study . e.g. Are you still studying at school ?

五、voicenoisesound

voice “(人的)语声、嗓音” e.g. He has lost his voice because of a bad cold .

noise “声音,噪音” e.g. Don’t make so much noise . make a noise →adj. noisy

sound “(各种)声音” v. sound like… “听起来 He listen to the sad _____ of the sea.

例题: e.g. Let’s go outside . There is too much _____ here . Did you hear the ____ of music ?

六、however but

 however 然而,但是(可放句首、中和尾)→but只能放句首。I made a mistake , however.

无论如何(no matter how )”e.g. However difficult it is , I’ll work hard .

七、exciteexcitedexciting

excite (v.) “使(sb)兴奋” sth excites sb “某事使某人感到兴奋” e.g. The news excited us .

excited (adj.) “兴奋的/激动的(指人对感到兴奋)” be excited about / at … “感到兴奋

e.g. We were excited about/ at the news. We were excited to hear the news .

exciting (adj.) “…使人兴奋的(指事物本身使人感到兴奋)”

e.g. We had an exciting party yesterday . He told us an exciting news just now .

例题: The _______ story made us ________ a lot .

  八、later on 稍后, later

later on 稍后, later更晚的(late的比较级)

 

later on adv. “后来,以后”e.g. I’ll be seeing you later on .

(一段时间+later on)e.g. I’ll meet you a few days later on. 几天后我会见你的。

no later than “不迟于…” sooner or later “迟早

later 
adv. 
后来,过后 
"Many years later, in Washington, D.C., he spoke to a crowd of 250,000 people." 
"许多年以后,在华盛顿特区,他向二十五万美国人民发表了演说。" 
"Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to South London." 
后来`水晶宫'搬到了伦敦南郊。 
"Two months later, some more money was sent to Sam with another note: 'Only 25 per cent a thief now!'" 
"两个月之后又送来一些钱,并附上一张字条给萨姆:`现在仅仅是个25%的小偷!'" 
But some time later it began to rain. 
但过了些时候开始下雨了。 
later on 
后来,以后 
I'll tell you all about it later on. 

晚些时候我再把有关这一切告诉你

九、question problem

 

ask & answer → question solve → problem

十、deal with do with

deal with (← how ) = do with(what)“处理,对付”(That’s a deal ! “成交了”= It’s a deal)

e.g. How shall we deal with the thief ? = What are we to do with the thief ?

3. Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school .

十一、be angry with sb be angry at / about sth  

be angry with sb “某人生气” e.g. Gina is angry with her sister .

be angry at / about sth “某事生气” e.g. Mr Yang was angry at Gina’s homework .

get angry “生气” make sb angry “使某人生气

vocabulary, word

 

 vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.

 

sometime ;sometimes ;some times ;

some time sometime在将来/过去的某一时间

I’ll speak to him about it sometime. 我会找个时间和他谈谈这事. I met her sometime last year.去年的某个时候我见过她.

sometimes = at times有时,偶尔It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold here. He sometimes writes to me.

some time A.一些时间、一段时间

It will take you some time to walk there.

I’ll stay there for some time.

some times一些次,几次

I've told him the thing some times.

17. join短语:join sb加入到某人的活动中去

join in+活动项目"参加活动" I'd like to join in the game.

join+组织机构"加入到某个组织机构,成为其中的一个成员"join the Party; join the League, The best way to improve your English is to join an English club too , also , either: too, also用于肯定句 ,疑问句;also用于行前be,情后助后 ; either用于否定句,置句末

区别一:affect effect 均可表示“影响”,

其区别是:前者是动词(及物),主要指一时的影响,着重影响的动作,可指一般意义的影响(不分好坏),也可指不良影响;

后者是名词(可数或不可数)可数或不可数,两者的关系大致为:affecthave an effect on

如:To affect a policy is to have an effect on it. 影响一项政策就是对该政策具有一种影响。

The news did not affect her at all.The news had no effect on her at all. 这条消息对她没有一点影响。

注:effect 有时虽用作动词(及物),但不表示“影响”,而表示“实现”或“产生”等。

如:They effected their escape in the middle of the night. He effected great changes in the company. 他使公司发生了巨大的变化。

区别二:influence 表示“影响”,主要指对行为、性格、观点等产生间接的或潜移默化的影响。可用作动词”(及物)或名词(通常不可数,但有时可连用不定冠词)

如:What you read influences your thinking. 你读的东西对你的思想有影响。Television has a strong influence on people. 电视对人有很大的影响。

Its clear that her painting has been influenced by Picasso. 她的画显然受了毕加索的影响。

too much + n.                     太多…

much too + adj.

虽然这两个词组在形式上相近,但用法却不一样,我们通过下面两个例句来体会一下:

    Too much snow can cause trouble.雪太多会引起麻烦。

    You are much too kind to me.你待我实在太好了。

    从两个例句中我们不难看出,too much 作“大多”解,它的用法有三种:1、用作名词词组。如:You have given me too much.你给我太多了。2、用作形容词词组,修饰不可数名词,如例句13、用作副词词组,修饰动词。如:Dont spead too much.别讲得太多。much too 意为“太”、“非常”,用作副词词组,修饰形容词、副词。如:The old man walked much too slow.这位老人走得太慢了。应注意:too much much too 都可用作副词词组,但 too much 不可修饰形容词,much too 不可修饰动词。

watch look seeread

  1. “watch”意为观看,注视,指长时间观看某一活动的场面,如:看电视、看比赛等。
    He often watches TV on Sunday.
   
他经常星期天看电视。

    2. “look”强调看的动作,不注重结果。look是不及物动词,接宾语时后面要加介词“at”
    Look at the blackboard, please!
   
请看黑板!

    3. “see” 强调看的结果,是及物动词,其后可直接接宾语,意为看见,看到
    Can you see the plane in the sky?
   
你能看见空中的那架飞机吗?

    4. “read”意为看,读,其后面的宾语常常是书、报纸、杂志等。
    He is reading a magazine.
   
他正在看杂志。

alsotooeitheras well

    also too eitheras well这几个词都表示的意思,但它们在用法上又有区别。
    1. also
通常用于正式场合,一般在主动词之前(若主要动词为be动词,则置于其后)。
    1) He speaks French and he also writes it.
   
他会说法语也会写法文。
    2) She was rich. She was also selfish.
   
她很富有,她也很自私。

    2. too的语气较轻,通常用于口语,放在句末。一般用于肯定句,有时也可插入剧中,但侧重点不同。
    1) I have been to Paris, too.
(不止去过其他地方)
    2) I, too, have been to Paris.
(不只其他人,我也去过巴黎)

    3. either只用于否定句且置于句末,和too一样常用逗号隔开。
    He doesn’t like her, I don’t, either.

    4. as well一般只用于肯定句,置于句末,强调后一项。
    I’ve read the book and I’ve seen the film as well.
   
我看过这本书,也看过这部电影。

1) He gave me advice and money ____.
    2) He will go to town tomorrow, I shall ____ go.
    3) I can’t play the piano. He can’t, ____.
    4) My father likes reading, and I do,____.
   
答案:1. as well 2.also 3.either 4.too

finallyat lastin the end +)+A\[[1]  

本组词语均有终于之意,但有区别。 u&vJT OdW  
}T­?|~u ,  

?finally的用法有二: )._SS:8bw  

ü用来表示某一动作发生的顺序是在最后 mP9^Yh'  
I ~p;­X


  
例如:Finallyturn off the lights and lock the door.最后关上灯锁好门。 D/=xLB ZY  
;I"C=C  
ü
是用在句中动词前,表示等了好久终于……”。例如: !,lAfw@X}g  
-;t@b|d


D  
We waited and waitedand finally they arrived.我们等了又等,(最后)他们终于来了。 \bBjk -@E-  
r;=y
dl\:­
 

?at last是表示经过一番曲折或努力之后某事才发生,强调其结果,其语气和感情色彩较强。 J,soab`  

At last the project has been completed and we can rest.这项工程终于竣工了,我们可以休息了。 _


E-U`Mv  
b/­@"sOzr  

?in the end用法有二: $cPSdwI3@  

*表示经过若干周折或努力而最后发生了某事。例如: p


K. l xg  
$>|"\ [1]N  
We did experiment after experiment
and in the end we got a good harvest of rice in Africa n_EI r_?  
Xt!o<9\w  
我们作了一个又一个实验,(最后)终于在非洲获得了水稻丰收。 v;0b$quO~  
TTd%I[S?3  
*
表示预测未来(而finallyat last无此用法)。例如: 8RzKCHB  
[1]M=^
bFD
 
He hopes that his son will be a fine teacher in the end
.他希望他儿子最终成为一名优秀教师。 8"At3xa  
<uk :ZFB  

 

1. find,强调找的结果,意思是找到
    John couldn’t find his keys.
   
约翰找不到钥匙了。
    Have you found your lost hat?
   
你找到丢失的帽子了吗?


    2. look for
,意思为寻找,强调找的动作和过程,而非结果。
    She is looking for her dog.
   
她正在找她的小狗。
    We’ve been looking for the car since early this morning.
   
我们从今天一大早就开始找这辆车了。


    3. find out
,指的是经过观察、研究或探索而得知的意思。
    Could you find out when the train arrives?
   
你能设法知道火车什么时候到吗?
    Can you find out who stole her money?
   
你能查出来是谁偷了她的钱吗?

Affecteffect的区别

    The war and the suffering that it caused affected him greatly.这场战争及其所造成的苦难对他影响很大。
    His speech produced a powerful effct on the minds of the public.
他的讲话对公众的思想产生了巨大的影响。
    <
辨析>这两个词都含有“影响”的意思。两者在拼法上仅一个字母之差,读音也很相似。affect 用作动词。effect 用作名词,它还可表示“效果”等意思。如:The medicine has had no effect at all.这药毫无效果。effect 也可作动词用,但不表示“影响”,而表示“产生、招致、实现”等。例如:The change was effected quickly.这种变化很快就出现了

 

辨析such asfor example

such asfor example两者都有例如的意思。那么它们之间有什么区别呢?下面我们通过两个例句来体会一下吧!
    Some of the rubbish,such as food,paper and iron,rots away over a long period of time.
有些废物,如剩饭、破烂纸和烂铁器,时间一久就烂掉了。
    Matter may be invisible .Air ,for example ,is invisible.
物质可能是看不见的。例如,空气就是看不见的。
    such as
用来列举事物,插在被列举的事物与前面的名词之间。as 后面切不可有逗号。使用这个短语时应注意:在后面列举的事物的数量不能等于它前面所提及的东西的总和,一旦相等,就要用 that is namely。如不可以说”He knows three languagessuch as ChineseEnglishJapanese.应将 such as 改成 namely that is,后面加上逗号。for example 用来举例说明某一论点或情况,可位于句首、句中或句末,一般作插入语用。

辨析examinationtest

  Examinationtest二者都有考试的意思,那么他们之间有什么区别呢?通过下面几个例句我们一起来体会一下吧!
    We are going to have our term examination next week.
下星期我们将进行期末考试。
    We had our last physics test.
我们举行了一次物理测验。
    Examination
通常指比较正式的考试。如学期考试、入学考试等,可缩写成 exam,常用于口语。test 指小考或测验。还可指物理化学等(做)试验。如:The professor showed them how to do a test in the chemistry lab.教授在化学实验室里演示给他们看如何做试验。两者除表示考试外,也可作(身体)检查解。如:The doctors gave the little girl all kinds of testsexaminations.医生给小女孩做各种各样的身体检查。

同学们都知道,在英中in the endat lastfinally 都表示最后,但是它们的用法却略有不同。at last往往用于一番拖延曲折之后,有浓厚的感情色彩;finally指一系列的事物或论点的顺序,一般没有感情色彩,但常可以和at last互换;in the end 可以用来预卜将来。下面让我们一起看看以下几个例句:


1We won the victory at last.我们终于取得了胜利。
2We waited and waited and the man appeared at last.
我们等了又等,那个人终于露面了。

3Finally we reached the top of the mountain.我们最终到达了山顶。
4He believes that his writing plan will succeed in the end.
他相信他的写作计划终究会成功的。

5The aggressors’ armed forces will be wiped out in the end.
侵略者的武装力量终将被消灭。

to begin/ to start with
 withfirst of all
to start with(首先),相当于firstfirstly,用于句首,表示事情发生的先后顺序。
at first(起初,起先),用于表示下一个动作与起初的完全不同,甚至相反
试比较;
To start with,let's listen to some relaxing music.
At first,it's sunny. But now it's going to rain. 
to begin withfirst of all意思相近,都是首先的意思,放在句首。
first of all 可以解释为首先,它后面可以接the second,the third ,表示一,二,三的意思。而to begin with解释为开始,是从那一该开始的意思。如果在一个句中两个词的意思都意为开始,而不是顺序,那么两者可以互换。 
练习题:

1.        sometimesome time; sometimes=at times; some times

1) I’m going to Singapore        next month.

2) I’m going to stay there for         .

3)My father has been to the USA       . ____he goes to England, _______ he goes

to Europe.

4)You are going to be a senior high school student       next year.

5)     they play football. But they played the violin for      yesterday afternoon.

2.        loud;loudly;aloud

1)I can't hear you clearly. Will you please

speak a little      ?

2) The students read       every morning.

3)Don't talk or laugh       in public places.

4Listen!Jim is singing      in the next room.

5)Don't play your MP3 too

     .The baby is sleeping.

3. leave ;forget

1)The boy       his homework every day.That makes the teacher angry.

2)Don’t      your bag in the room when you       .

3)Sorry, I         my homework at home.I’ll bring it to school tomorrow.

Don’t        to lock the door when you      the classroom.

4 easy ;easily

1)I don't think it is          to learn       English well.

2)Think over, and you’ll work out the math

problem      .

3)He found it         to learn Chinese.

  I can jump high        .

5.different;differently;difference

1)He thought        from me.

2)         countries have        cultures.

3)Can you tell me the        between the two words?

4)I think that it is important to memorize the words if you want to learn English  well, but Wang Hai feels        .

6.fast;quick;quickly

1)The boy is very        . He can work out the physics problem       .

2A car runs        than a truck.

3)Walk        . We have no time.

 Liu Xiang runs        .

5)The teacher always speaks so        that I can't follow him.

6) Oh, you're so        .I can't catch up with you (赶上)

7Read the passage        and find out the answer.

7.question;problem

1)If you have any        ,please call me at 1325960883.

2)Air pullution is very serious. We shoud solve the         .

3)When you have        learning English,you should ask the teacher for

help.

4) Read the text quickly and find out  the answer to the         .

8. learn; study

1) He is a driver. He began to         to drive at 19.

2)He is hard-working. I must        from him. After        from him, I’ve        a lot from him

3)As students, you should         hard every day.

4) He is a scientist. He        the animals.

9.look;see;watch;read

1)        !What are they doing? They’re        at the bird in the tree.

2)I        ,but I couldn’t        anything.

 He        , but he could        nothing but a book in the bag.

3)I like        interesting stories in magazines and newspapers.

4) Many football fans        the World Cup on TV these days (这些日子).

5)What can you        in the sky?

6He learns English well by        English-language movies.

ANSWERS:

sometimesome time; sometimes; some times

1)                  I’m going to Singapore

sometime next month.

  2) I’m going to stay there for   some time     .

3)My father has been to the USAsome times.

 Sometimes he goes to the USA, sometimeshe goes to Europe.

4)You are going to be a senior high school student  sometime next year.

5) Sometimes    they play football. But they played the violin for some time yesterday

after noon.

loud;loudly;aloud

1)I can't hear you clearly. Will you please

speak a little  louder?

2) The students read aloud every morning.

3)Don't talk or laugh   loudly    in public

places.

4) Listen!Jim is singing loudly/aloud   in

the next

room.

5)Don't play your MP3 too loud .The baby is sleeping.

leave ;forget

1)The boy forgets     his homework every day.That makes the teacher angry.

2)Don’t leave your bag in the room when you    leave   .

3)Sorry, I have left   my homework at home.

I’ll bring it to school tomorrow.

4) Don’t forget  to lock the door when

you  leave    the classroom.

   easy ;easily

1)I don't think it is   easy   to learn English well.

2)Think over, and you’ll work out the math problem easily  .

3)He found it   easy   to learn Chinese.

  I can jump high easily .

different;differently;difference

1)He thought  different   from me.

2)   Different      countries have    different    culture.

3)Can you tell me the differences    betweenthe two words.

  I think that it is important to memorize the words if you want to learn English   well,but Wang Hai feels differently .

fast;quick;quickly

1)The boy is very fast He can work out the physics problem  quickly.

2A car runs  more quickly/faster      than a truck.

3)Walk  quickly      .We have no time.

  Liu Xiang runs  fast/quickly      .

5)The teacher always speaks so quickly       that I can't follow him.

6) Oh, you're so quick    .I can't catch up with you (赶上你)

7Read the passage quickly  and find out the answer.

question;problem

1)If you have any questions,please call me at

1325960883.

2)Air pullution is very serious. We shoud solve the    problem    .

3)When you have  problem      learning English,you should ask the teacher for help.

 Read the text quickly and find out  the answer to the     question   

 learn; study

1) He is a driver. He began to  learn  to drive at 19.

2)He is hard-working.I must  learn      from him.After learning   from him, I’ve    learnt/learned    a lot from him

3)As students, you should   study      hard every day.

  He is a scientist. He studies  the animals.

look;see;watch;read

1) Look  !What are they doing ?They’re  looking  at the bird on the tree.

2)I  looked ,but I couldn’t  see  anything.

 He  looked      , but he could   see     nothing but a book in the bag.

3)I like  reading      interesting stories in magazines and newspapers.

Many football fans  watch      the World Cup on TV these days(这些日子).

5)What can you see  in the sky?

6He learns English well by watching  English-language movies.

 

 

 

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