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【转载】新版九年级英语Unit 1 How can we become good learners? 单元语法精讲精练  

2016-07-18 21:17:01|  分类: 新初三 u.1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Unit 1 How can we become good learners? 单元语法精讲精练

 

1.by的用法

(1)---How do you study for a test? 你如何准备考试? --- I study by working with friends. 我通过和朋友一起学习。

by + doing 通过……方式,该结构在句作方式状语,用于回答与方式有关的____________引导的特殊疑问句。

通过制作单词卡片by________word________   通过读教材by__________the_______________

通过听磁带  by_________to______________   通过向老师求助by________the teacher__________help            

通过参与小组学习by_________ _______a group 通过看录像by__________videos

I study English by ___________(listen) to tapes

Tom learns Chinese by ____________(watch) Chinese movies.

-- ____ did you get there?  By ___ a taxi.     A. How; taking   B. How ; take   C. How; took   D. What; taking

(  )[2013·重庆]  You can improve your English ________ practicing more.  Aby   Bwith   Cof   Din

 

(2).构成“by+交通工具”结构,注意在该短语中,交通工具名词之前不加冠词。

by bus 乘公共汽车   by train 乘火车  by ship 乘轮船=by sea  by taxi 乘出租  by plane=by air乘飞机 

by car 乘汽车       by subway 乘地铁  by bike骑自行车  步行 on foot

(  )1.I go to school ___ bus every morning.  A. in     B. on     C. at    D. by

(  )2. Lin Lin often practices English ____ chatting with her American friend. A. in  B. by   C. for  D. with

(  )3.I usually go to school ___ bike. but sometimes I go to school ___ foot.

     A. with; on         B. on; by             C. on ; with         D. by; on

(  )4.2013漳州中考】— _____________does your brother go to work?  By bike.

    A. Where              B. Why            C.  How

2.疑问词how的用法

1)(问方式方法)怎样;如何

---_______ do you learn English well?---I learn it by using it in my daily life.

---Can you tell me_______I can get to the nearst post office?

2) 身体怎么样? --How are you? ---Fine. Thanks.

3) How +adj 构成的疑问词

How often______  How old_____   How far____     How soon______

How many_______ How much______ How long_____   How tall______

练习: How +adj 构成的疑问词填空

1.---_____ will it take you from your school to the library?---About half an hour.       

2. ---________is Mr Wang?   ---He is forty years old.

3.--- _______ will you come back? ---In a week.

4.--- _______people are there in your family?   ---Four.

5.--- ________milk do we need?   ---Three bottles.

6.--- _________do you go to see your grandma? ---Once a week.

7.---__________ do you live from school?  ---Three miles.

 

3.watch/read/see/look at “法不同

(1)看电视、看比赛、看表演用watch;  watch TV 看电视

 (2)看书、看报、看杂志用read      read the book看书

 (3)看电影、看医生用see          see the doctor 看医生

(4) 看黑板、看地图用look at    look at the blackboard 看黑板

【练】1.______the picture. Can you see the man in the picture? He isn’t ________ the book. He is ______TV.

2.(   ) ____ the board , child! Read the words on it after me.   A. Look   B. Look at   C. See   D. Watch

4.ask sb for sth向某人要某物   ask sb. for help向某人求助  ask our teacher for advice向老师征求建议

ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事   ask sb. not to do sth. 要求某人不要做某事

1).(   )[2013·北京] Our teacher often asks us________ questions in groups.

Adiscuss  Bto discuss    Cdiscussing           Ddiscussed

2).(   )  If you have difficulty in learning English, you should ask your teacher or your classmates ___ help.

    A. for  B. of   C. in  D. on

3).(   ) The young should ___ the old ___ advice at work.      A. ask; for   B. ask; to   C. ask for; /   D. asks; /

 

5.What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?

【解析】用于提建议的句型有:

(1)What about doing sth ?=How about doing sth?  ….怎么样?

(2)Why don’t you do sth?= Why not do sth? 为什么不呢?

(3)Let’s do sth.让我们一起做某事吧。

(4)Shall we/I do sth?我们做好吗?

(5)had better do/not do sth 最好做/不做某事

(6) Will/Would you please do sth 请你做好吗?

(7) Would you like to do sth? 你想去做某事吗?

(8)Would you mind doing sth?你介意做某事吗?

【回答】

(1). 同意对方的建议时,一般用:

  Good idea./ That’s a good idea. 好主意     OK/ All right./ Great / /太好了

  Yes, please ./ I’d love to 是的/ 我愿意     I agree with you 我同意你的看法

  No problem 没问题                    Sure/ Of course/ Certainly 当然可以

 Yes, I think so 对,我也这样想

(2).对对方的帮助或要求表示委婉谢绝时,一般用:

  I don’t think so 我认为不是这样     Sorry, I can’t 对不起,我不能

 I’d love to, but…                    I’m afraid…我愿意,但恐怕

(    ) –What about _______(listen) to some English songs?   -- It’s great .

(    ) Why not ___ your teacher for help when you can’t finish _____ it by yourself?

       A. ask; write       B. to ask; writing    C. ask; writing    D. asking; write

6. practice v 练习     practice doing sth 练习做某事

【拓展】finish doing sth enjoy doing sth ,  mind doing sth ,

 give up doing sth ,  can’t help doing sth   consider doing sth

We often practice _____________basketball after school.(play)

This term I enjoy ______________(watch) English movies.

7. pronounce v 发音 pronunciation n 发音

  Please tell me how to __________________(pronunciation) the word.

What’s the ___________________(pronounce) of the word “text”?

(    ) [2013·安顺] My teacher told me “either” has two ______________ (pronounce).

8.have/has ever done sth曾经做过某事

1)He has ever eaten Beijing duck.

2)Have you ever studied with a group?    Yes, I have. I have learned a lot that way./No,never.

3)你曾经吃过水饺吗?不,从来没有。

 _____you ever________dumplings? No, _______.

 

9.too+形容词/副词+to do sth.…而不能…

My brother is too young to go to school.

He gets up too late to get to school on time.

so…that….   too…to…..  not enough to do

我弟弟年龄太小不能上学。

My brother is ______  ______  _______he can’t go to school.

My brother is ______  _______  ______ go to school.

My brother______  ______  _______  _______ go to school.

这张桌子太重我搬不动。

The table is ______  _______  _______ I can’t carry it.

The table is_______  ________for me______  ________.

The table_____  _____  ________ for me______  ________.

练一练:

(  ) They are ____ tired ____on.     A. too; to walk      B .too; walking     C. can’t ;to work     D. very ;to walk

(  ) – This box is ___ heavy for me to carry. Can you help me?  Certainly.     A. so   B. much    C. very   D. too

 

10.联系动词:一是(be),一感(feel),一保持(keep)

            起来四个(sound, look,smell,taste)

            似乎(seem)变了仨(get, turn, become)

11. It's too hard to understand spoken English. 要理解英语口语真是太难了。

[探究] 本句属于“It'sadj. (for sb.)to do sth.”句式,其中it________主语,真正的主语是其后的_________________“to understand spoken English”

[辨析] “It'sadj. (for/of sb.)to do sth.”句型中用forof的区别

 

It'sadj.of sb.to do sth.

It'sadj.for sb.to do sth.

该句型中的形容词一般为表示性格,品德,心智能力,或主观感情、态度的形容词,如good, kind, niceclever, foolish等。

该句型中的形容词一般为表示事物的特征、特点或客观形式的形容词,如easyharddifficult, interestingimpossible等。

可改为“Sb. isadj. to do sth.”结构。

不能改为“Sb. isadj. to do sth.”结构。

It's very difficult for him to learn two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。

It's very kind of you to help me.   你来帮助我,你真是太好了。

活学活用

(  )[2013·雅安]  It is important ________ people ________ learn team spirit.

Aof; of        Bof; to     Cfor; to                   Dto; to

(    )It’s foolish________him to do so.  A. for   B. of    C. to     D. with

 

12.The more you read, the faster you'll be. 你读得越多,就会越快。

[探究] 本句是“The________…the_____…”的结构,表示“越……越……”,属于由比较级构成的常见句式。

如:The busier my mother is, the happier she feels. 我妈妈越忙,她就觉得越开心。

活学活用

(  )[2013·咸宁]  —The doctor told me not to eat too much, but I find it difficult.

—The doctor is right. ________ you eat, ________ you will be.

  AThe less; the healthier             BThe less; the more healthier

  CThe more; the healthier            DThe more; the more healthier

 

13. I do that sometimes . I think it helps.

【解析】some time /sometime/some times/sometimes

【口诀】:分开是一段时间,   合起是某时;  分开s 是几倍(次),合起s是有时

(1) some time一段时间,做时间状语

I will stay in Beijing for some time. 我要在北京呆一段时间。

(2) sometime  adv 在某个时候

 I think I will fly to the moon sometime in the future.我认为将来的某个时候我要飞往月球。

(3) some times 名词词组,“几次,几倍

Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer. 去年夏天格林先生去了三亚几次。

(4)sometimes=at times 有时 (一般现在时的标志词)

  On weekendssometimes he stays at home, sometimes he goes to the park with his friends.

(  ) I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future.   A. sometimes  B. some times  C. sometime   D. some time

 

14. voice/noise /sound

(1)voice 多指人说话、唱歌、鸟的叫声以及乐器发出的悦耳的声音。

(2)noise n noisy adj. 吵闹的 指不悦耳的吵闹声 如嘈杂声、噪音等   make a noise制造噪音

(3)sound n 泛指人听到的任何声音。② v 听起来

【记】There was a loud ________ outside the classroom. The physics teacher had to raise his __________: “ Light travels much faster than __________”.

(  ) At the foot of Wulian Mountains, you can hear the ____ of running water.

A. sound     B. noise       C. voice       D. silence

(  ) –Do you like the song You and Me?    --Of course. It ____ great.

   A. sounds       B. looks      C. smells

(  ) Oh, my god! The kids are making too much ____ here. I can’t do anything.

   A. sound       B. voice      C. noise        D. Footstep

15. Why did Wei Fen find it difficult to learn English?

【解析】find found found v发现

  (1) find sb. doing sth 发现某人做某事

  (2) find it + adj. + for sbto do sth 发现做某事很……(make,think)

 (  ) She found ___ hard to finish the work by herself.        A. that   B. it’s   C. it   D. this

 

16.But I was afraid to ask questions because my pronunciation was very bad.

  (1)be afraid of sth/doing sth 害怕做某事【担心(出现某种不良后果)】

 (2)be afraid to do sth 害怕去做【“怕 “不敢”去做某事】

  (3)be afraid +that 恐怕【用于礼貌地表达可能令人不愉快的消息】

  (4) 回答别人的提问时, 可用省略形式I’m afraid so(not).恐怕(不)是这样。

【记】The girl was afraid to go across the bridge, for she was afraid of falling down from it.

1.(  ) Tina is so shy that she is afraid of ____ in front of a group.

    A. to speak   B. speak   C. speaking   D. spoke

2.大多数女孩都害怕蜘蛛。 Most girls are _______  _____spiders.

3.[2013·重庆]  (  )—Can I take a seat here, sir? —________ My cousin will be back soon.活学活用

ANothing serious. BWhat's up?   CHow are you?  DI'm afraid not.

17.But because I wanted to understand the story, I looked up the words in a dictionary

【解析】look up 查找(跟代词作宾语,代词放中间)

【拓展】 look after 照顾look like 看起来像  look out 当心,小心look through 浏览  look  for 寻找

look forward to 期待     look around 向四周看  look over 检查

(   ) – Can you ___ the time of the next train to Tianjin? -- OK, I’ll ____ right now for you.

A. look up ; look it up  B. look it up; look up   C. look up ; look at    D. look up ; look up it

( )[2013·铜仁]  My mother is ill in hospital. I have to ________ my grandparents at home.

Alook out   Blook after   Clook up          Dlook at

18.excite exciting(令人兴奋的)/excited (感到兴奋的) 

          be excited about感到兴奋

【拓展】

     interestinteresting/interested        be interested in 感兴趣

The students are __________in these ______books.( interest)

     surprisesurprising/surprised       be surprise at 感到吃惊

They are __________at the ___________news.( surprise)

  relax relaxed /relaxing adj.    be relaxed about ……感到放松

   bore bored/boring adj. 令人厌烦的

【注】 —ing结尾的adj. 常用来作定语或表语,修饰物。

       —ed结尾的adj.用来表示情绪,常做表语,修饰人

We are _____ about the ________news .(excite)

—What _____ news! -Yes. We are all _____ about it.     A. exciting; exciting  B. excited; excited  C. exciting; excited

This TV show is too ____. I’d rather listen to music.     A. fantastic   B. exciting  C. boring  D. interesting.

19. make mistakes犯错;出错

[观察] I often make mistakes in grammar. 我经常在语法方面犯错。

[探究] make mistakes/make a mistake意为“犯错;出错”,表示“在某方面犯错”要用make mistakes/a mistake ____ sth.

[拓展] make的常见搭配有:

make a living 谋生; make friends 交朋友; make faces 做鬼脸; make noise 制造噪声; make the bed 整理床铺; make money 挣钱; make a decision 做决定; make progress 取得进步; make a wish 许愿。

活学活用

他在考试中犯了许多错。He ________  ________  ____________ in the exam.

20.depend on取决于;依靠;依赖

活学活用

—Can you go for a picnic as planned? —It ____________ (决定于) the weather.

21.pay attention to关注;注意

[观察] You must pay attention to listening to your teacher in class. 在课堂上你必须注意听老师讲课。

[探究] pay attention to表示“关注;注意”,其后若跟动词,要用__________形式。

活学活用

根据句意及首字母提示补全单词:You'd better pay more a___________to the way you speak when having a discussion.

22.connect…with…“把……和……联系起来;把……和……连接起来”。

[观察] Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something interesting.

好的学习者经常把他们需要学习的东西和有趣的东西联系起来。

23.I don't know how to increase my reading speed. 我不知道如何提高我的阅读速度。

[探究] 本句中的how to increase my reading speed属于“特殊疑问词+________________”的复合结构,在句中作动词know____语。

[拓展] “特殊疑问词+动词不定式”的复合结构作宾语时,可以转化为宾语从句。

Could you please tell me how to get there? Could you please tell me how I can get there? 你能告诉我怎样到那吗?

改为同义句

We want to know how we can study well. = We want to know ______ ____ study well.

I don’t know what I can do next.=I don’t know _____  ______  _____next.

 

24.I don't have a partner to practice English with. 我没有一位可以一起练习英语的搭档。

[探究] 本句中的to practice English with是动词不定式短语,作后置______语,修饰a partner,注意to practice English with中的介词________(能/不能)省略。

[拓展] practice后只能跟动名词。practice ________________表示“练习做某事”。

My brother often practices________ (play) chess with my father.

中考链接:

1---How do you study Chinese so well? ---________reading plenty of books  

A. To        B. Of        C. At        D. By

2. My grandfather has a computer , but he doesn’t know ______ to use it.

A.  what      B.  how     C. who      D.which

3. --What’s your problem?  --I have trouble_____these words in English.

A. talking      B. saying     C. telling    D. speaking

4. Did you find ____very interesting to play yo-yo?  A. this  B. it’s  C. that  D. it

5.--I have no idea if he______.   --He will go to the cinema if I _______.

A. come; won’t rain            B. comes; doesn’t rain

C. will come; doesn’t rain       D. comes; aren’t raining

6. _____ exercise you take, _____ you’ll be.  

A. The fewer, the fatter     B. The less, the fatter  C. The less, the more fatter

7.Why______ the language club?   A. not join   B. don’t join     C. not joining    D. aren’t you join

8.2012江苏苏州It was ______ lovely weather ______ we decided to spend the day on the beach.

A. such athat             B. such that          C. suchas                   D. sothat

9.You don’t have to _______ every new word in the dictionary while reading.

A. look for                 B. look up     C. look at                  D. look after

10.The heavy snow didn’t__________to the airlines.  A. pay attention to   B.add to  C.make a difference to  D.keep to

11. Many children are left alone in the countryside. Let’s try our best_______them.

  A.help   B. helping   C.to help    D.helps

12._______careful you are,________mistakes you’ll make.

  A.The more, the less     B.The fewer, the more   C.The less, the less   D.The more, the fewer

13.I find _______easy to learn English well.  A.this   B.it    C.that     D.they

14.--I don’t know_________. –Because he has to look after his mother.

 A.why he is leaving    B.why is he leaving   C.whether he is leaving   D. whether is he leaving

15.The dishes my mother cooks_________delicious.   A.taste   B.look    C.sound    D.feel

 

基础知识练习

I. 词形填空

1. Most of us learn English by _________(study) our textbooks.

2. Reading aloud can improve our ___________(speak) skills.

3. Hearing they will see a moving, the students all got ________ (excite).

4. Don’t speak too ________(quick), we can’t catch you.

5. Can you think of the best way ________( solve ) this problem?

6. If you keep________(practice) running every day, you will be a good player.

II. 单项选择

1.Nobody can learn English well_____you work hard on it.

A.  if             B.  unless         C.  when         D.  but

2.I can’t understand_________English.

A. speak           B. speaking        C. spoken          D. spoke

3.---Would you please tell me_______to chat with pen pals?---Of course . It's very easy.

A. how to use QQ    B. what to use QQ   C. why to use QQ    D. when to use QQ

4.If you don't know the words,__________in the dictionary .

   A. look them up    B. Look up them    B. look at them     D. look them at

5.---Will you go to Mathew's birthday party this Saturday?  ----No,_______I am invited.

A. when         B. Unless          C. until           D. if      

6. ---I find______interesting to fish in the river.---So do I.    

 A.that         B.it            C.one        D.you

7. My sister has a lot of trouble ______ math.

Ato learn     Blearning     Clearned    Dlearns

8. 2012江苏徐州】—Why not       John a toy car for his birthday?— Good idea! He is crazy about cars.

A. buy                    B. buying         C. to buy                  D. buys

9.Finish your homework, then you’ll_______watch TV for an hour.

 A.can    B. be able to   C.able    D.could

10.This movie wasn’t________. He fell asleep half way through it. 

A.interesting enough  B. enough interesting  C.interested enough    D. enough  interested

11.The rivers will become dirtier and dirtier_________we take action to protect them.

  A.since    B.if    C.until   D.unless

12.We have two dogs. One is white,_________is black.    A.other     B.another    C.the other    D.others

13.—Could you give me some_______on how to learn English_______? –Sure. Practice makes perfect.

  A.advice, good    B.suggestions good    C.advice, well     D.suggestion, well

14.The boys _____ up conversations in English.

  A. enjoy makes             B. enjoy to make    C. enjoy making            D. enjoyed make

15.________ it is blowing! I can hardly walk on.

A. What strong         B. How strong     C. How strongly         D. What strongly wind

16. Many students usually make mistakes ______ grammar.  A. with      B. to      C. in     D. of

17I really enjoyed your speech, ______ there were some parts I didn’t quite understand.

    A. because      B. for     C. until    D. though

18. Thanks for listening to my problem and giving me your advise, Amy.      . That’s what friends are for.

   A. My pleasure         B. With pleasure     C. Never mind          D. It’s nice of you

 

III.句型转换

1.       Lorna made great progress in math by getting a tutor. (对划线部分提问)

______ _____ Lorna make great progress in math?

2.       Tom seemed to be right.  _____ ______ that Tom was right.(改同义句)

3.       My friend studies English by listening to tapes.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ your friend __________English?

4.       I make word cards. I learn English words.(合并成一句)

I learn English words _________ _________cards.

5.       She finds that it isn’t easy to learn English.(改为同义句)

6.       She finds _______ hard________ _______ English.

7.I have ever studied with agroup.(一般疑问句)________  _________ever________with a group?

8.The math problem is difficult. I can’t work it out.(改为同义句)

 The math problem is________difficult________ I can’t work it out.

= The math problem is________difficult________me________work out.

新版九年级英语Unit 1 How can we become good learners? 单元语法精讲精练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

  

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