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中考英语冲刺必记16组易混动词辨析  

2016-06-09 19:57:37|  分类: 中考易混词 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. used to do sth.;be used to doing sth.和be used to do sth.的区别

辨析:used to do sth.表示过去常常做某事.

e.g. I used to get up at six in the morning.

be used to doing.表示习惯做某事,to 后的动词用-ing形式

e.g. I'm used to getting up early.

be used to do sth. 指被用来做什么。

e.g. Pens are used to write.

2. arrive, get 和reach的区别

辨析:arrive in 大地点,arrive at 小地点,get to 地点名词,reach是及物动词,后面直接跟地点名词。

e.g. When did you arrive in Beijing?

We arrived at the village at five in the afternoon。

How do you usually get to school?

When she reached the office, the teacher was having a short rest.

3. borrow , lend和keep的区别

borrow"借",为终止性动词,表示主语"借入"某物,常用短语borrow sth. from sb.

lend"借",为终止性动词,表示主语"借出"某物,常用短语lend sth. to sb.

keep "保存,借",为持续性动词,表示"长时间地借"

e.g. I borrowed a book from the school library yesterday.

Could you lend your pen to me?

How long can we keep the book?

4.dress, put on, 和wear的区别

dress sb.给某人穿衣服;dress sb.up打扮某人

put on 穿上,戴上,表动作;

wear 穿着,戴着,表状态;与"be in"同义

e.g. The boy dressed himself quickly.

The lady dressed herself up and went to the party.

Jim put on his coat and went out.

Lily is wearing a red skirt today.

5. see, look, watch, read

see 看见,表结果

look看,表动作,不及物动词,后面需加介词at才可能跟宾语。

watch 看(比赛,电视)

read 看书,报,表示阅读

e.g. I can see an apple on the table.

Look, there is a kite flying in the sky.

Watching TV too much is bad for your health.

Don't read books in the sun.

6.bring, take, carry, fetch

bring意为"拿来,带来",表示"拿到靠说话人近的地方"

take意为"拿走,带走",表示"拿到远离说话人远的地方"

carry 意为"扛,搬",用力移动,没有方向性,

fetch 意为"去取,去拿"表示往返拿物。

e.g. Please take the books to the classroom.

Remember to bring your home work to school tomorrow.

The bag is very heavy, please carry it to my office.

She's gone to fetch the kids from school.

7.die, dead, death,和dying的区别

Die 意为"死",是不及物动词,非延续性动词;

Dead 意为"死的",是形容词,表状态;

Death 意为"死",是名词;

Dying意为"垂死的,要死的",是形容词。

e.g. Her grandfather died last year.

Her grandfather has been dead for two years.

His death was a great loss to China.

The poor old man was dying.

8.speak, say, talk 和tell 的区别

speak 作为及物动词表示语言的名词或只在会议上发言;

say 常跟直接引语或间接引语,并且表示说的内容;

talk 是不及物动词,常跟介词 to 或with,意为"同某人谈话",也表示具有说话的能力

tell 意为"告诉"并常与story连用,意为"讲故事"

9.spend,take,pay,cost

Spend 只花费时间或金钱,后接on sth.或(in)doing sth.;

Cost 物做主语,意为"值多少钱"

Take 可用固定句型表示花费时间、金钱,其结构为:It takes 时间/金钱 to do sth,

Pay 与介词for 连用

10.Look for,find

两个词都有找的意思。Look for强调寻找的过程,find强调寻找的结果。

11.Listen to,hear

Listen to 和 hear都有"听"的意思。Listen为不及物动词,与to构成固定搭配,强调听的动作;hear 强调听的结果。

12. hung, hanged

两个词同为hang过去分词,hung意为"悬挂",而hanged意为"绞死"。

13. lose,fail,beat,win

Lose"输给某人"lose to sb

Fail "失败"

Beat"打败"beat sb.或某支队伍

Win "赢得",如何赢得荣誉,比赛,地位等。

14.Lose,forget,leave

Lose意为"丢失,失去"

Forget"忘记"后可跟不定式和动名词

Leave sth. 地点"把某物落在某处"

15. think of, think about, think over

Think of "想到…"

Think about "考虑"宾语it或them置后

Think over "仔细考虑",宾语it或them放在中间,一般指考虑问题。

16.Join,take part in,attend

三个词都表示"参加"

Join 一般指加入"党派"或组织, 如参军,入党等

Take part in 只参加聚会活动; Attend 一般指出席会议

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