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Unit 11语法部分与练习  

2016-06-15 23:30:44|  分类: 初一下学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 11语法部分与练习                 

.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为_         ___。(was not=__      _______)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为____        _。(were not=_   ___________)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在__    _或_        __后加not,一般疑问句把_        ____或_        ___调到句首。

练习一、(一)、be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2 He ________ at the camp last week.

3. ________ students two years ago.

4、They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6.  There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

9.Where ______his father last night?

10.How _______ your vacation?

(二)、 句型转换

1.All the students were very excited last Sunday.

否定句____________________________________

一疑问句_____________________________________

否定,肯定回答______________,_____________________

划线提问_____________________________________

2.Tom was on vacation in London last winter.

否定句____________________________________

一疑问句_____________________________________

否定,肯定回答______________,_____________________

划线提问_____________________________________

二.句中没有be动词,而有实义动词的一般过去时。要把动词变成它的去式

(1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则:
①                                        。如:____________
②                                          。如:____________     ③                                        。如:____________  ④                                           。如:____________  (2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:

am(is)_______  are_______   go_______   come _______

take  _______  have______   do ______    see ________

say  ________  give ______   get______    eat ________

run  ________  sing _______   put______   make_______

read _________  write_______  draw_____    drink______

tell________   ride _______  speak_____    sweep_______

swim________   sit _______   know_______-  teach ______

bring _______  stand _______   begin _____   find__________

练习二、写出动词过去式形式

look                live                play             stop              

study                worry              ask             want                

like                  have              do                are                    run  get                   come               take              go                 

三、否定句:didn’t +动词原形, 一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。  用所给动词的适当形式填空。

I worked in a school last year.(变一般疑问句)                                           

肯定回答:                               否定回答:                                           

变否定句:                                                                                  

练习三、 句型转换

1. The children had a good time in the park.

否定句____________________________________

一疑问句_____________________________________

否定,肯定回答______________,_____________________

划线提问_____________________________________

2 Ann did her homework yesterday evening.

否定句____________________________________

一疑问句_____________________________________

否定,肯定回答______________,_____________________

划线提问_____________________________________

3 Last week I read an English book.

划线提问_____________________________________

划线提问_____________________________________

四、过去时态与其它时态的区别;

 

一般现在时态

现在进行时态

一般过去时态           

用法

 

 

 

 

 

构成

 

 

 

 

时间状语

 

 

 

 

总结:怎样把这三种进态分开:

练习四、(一)、用动词的适当形式填空:

1. Tom and Mary ___________ (come) to China last month.
2. Mike _________________(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night.                               
So he ______ (get ) up late.
3. Mary __________ (read) English yesterday morning.
4. There _________ (be) no one here a moment ago.
5. I ___________ (call) Mike this morning.
6. My mother always ________________ (not do) housework last year.
7. Tom ___________ (begin) to learn Chinese last year.
8. ________ your father ________ ( go ) to work every day last year?
9 When ________ you _____ (write) this song? I ___(write) it last year.
10. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening??
11.Last year the teacher ___________ (tell) us that  thing.

12、 Look! The boys                 (play) basketball on the playground.

13、 My father                   (read) books after dinner.

14. In the morning , Mr. Smith                  (get) up at seven o’clock.

15. Listen! Linda                 (sing) in the next room .

16. His brother usually                  (do) homework at school.

17. They                  (go ) shopping every Friday evening.

(二)、翻译:

1. 昨天你哥哥去哪儿了?

_____________________________________________________

2.一个小时之前我吃的午饭。

                                                       

3. 我买了一个书包。

__________________________________________________

4.一年前他学英语了吗?

_________________________________________________

5. 2000年杰克在一家工厂工作。(factory)

_________________________________________________

6.他们去年没有在济南。

_________________________________________________

7.为什么你昨晚没有看电视?
________________________________________________

8.我去年住在北京,今年我在上海住。

                                                      

9.学生们正在打扫教室,他们刚上完课。

                                                                

【课堂操练】

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________    fly_______      are ________      play_______     go________       make ________   does_________    dance________

worry________    ask ________     taste_________    do________

stop_________    read_________   can_________    speak_________           break_________       bear_______

say_________     thank_________   buy_________   bring_________   take________     put_________     throw_______    grow________ study________ stay_________

夯实基础 稳固提高

一、请用正确动词形式填空。 

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend. 

2. ---_________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday?       

---No, she _________. 

3. ---What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? 

   ---He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting 

book. 

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning. 

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. 

6. Where __________ you ___________(live) last year.

7. We _______(go) to the cinema last night. The film  ______ (be) very good. 

8. What time _______you _______(get) to school this morning? 

9. I _________(be) born in 1990. 

10. Peter ____________(not play) football yesterday he ________

(play) the piano. 

二、改写句子: 

1. Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句) 

Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home. 

2. There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)

  _______ there _______ orange in the cup? 

3. Frank read an interesting book about history.(一般疑问句)

_______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history? 

4. They had a wonderful time. (改为否定句) 

     They _________  ________ a wonderful time.

5. Li Ming went to Dalian with his parents for his last holiday. (就划线部分提问) 

     ________ _______ Li Ming ________ to Dalian ________for his last holiday?

6. My father did the cooking himself. (就划线部分提问)

  _______ ________ your father _______ himself?

7. They visited the Great Wall yesterday.  (就划线部分提问)

  _______ ________ they _______ the Great Wall?

8. They arrived here by taxi.(对划线部分提问)   

________  _________ they ________here? 

9. We were at home last night.(对划线部分提问) 

 _______  ________ you last night 

10. We lived in that beautiful village two years ago. (改为一般疑问句) 

   _______  _______  _______ in that beautiful village two years ago? 

三、句型转换。

①They read English last night.

否定句:__________________________________________

一般疑问句:______________________________________

肯定/否定回答:____________________________________

对划线部分提问:__________________________________

②My brother was in the park just now.

否定句:__________________________________________

一般疑问句:______________________________________

肯定/否定回答:____________________________________

对划线部分提问:__________________________________

四、改错题。(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1.How is Jane yesterday?    ________________________________

2.He go to school by bus last week. ____________________________

3.I can fly kites seven years ago.  ______________________________

4.Did you saw him just now?   ______________________________

5.Tom wasn’t watch TV last night. __________________________

五、完成句子

1. 在假期期间她做了什么?

 

2. 他周六晚上开了个生日晚会。

   

3. 他妈妈的周末过得怎么样?  

      

4. 昨晚我哥哥没有看电视。

    

5. 我们每天练习说英语。       

6. 上星期六上午,我打网球并打扫房间.

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