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【转载】Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?知识点讲解  

2015-07-02 23:41:46|  分类: 八年级上 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?知识点讲解

一、语法:不定代词

 ()、由some, any, no, everything, one, body 构成的不定代词称为复合不定代词。

  someone / somebody 某人  something 某事;某物   anyone / anybody 任何人  anything 任何事物    no one / nobody 无人;没有人  everyone / eveybody 每人

everything 每一件事物;一切  nothing 没有什么

 1.复合不定代词作主语时,都坐单数看待,谓语动词用第三称单数。

   No one knows the answer. 没有人知道这个答案。

There was nothing much to do in the evening. 在晚上无事可做。

Everyone ______  ( have ) a computer in my family. 在我家每人都有一台电脑。

Everything___________ ( begin) to grow in spring. 在春天,万物开始生长。

2.形容词、动词不定式等作定语修饰复合不定代词时,要放在不定代词之后。

There is nothing interesting in the newspaper.报纸上没有什么有趣的事情。

Do you want anything to drink?你想喝点什么吗

I would like something to eat. 我想要些吃的?

3. 一般情况下,含有some的复合不定代词someone / somebody, something常用于肯定句,含有any的复合不定代词 anyone / anybody, anything常用于否定句、疑问句中代替someone / somebody, anytning表示某人”,“某物”。nothing = not…anything.

Did you meet anyonge interesting?你遇见了有趣的人吗? 

Did you buy anything special?你卖了些特别的东西吗?

I have something important to tell you. 我有重要的事情告诉你。 

Someone is reading books in the room. 房间里有人正在读书。

4.  含有some的复合不定代词someone / somebody, something 在表示请求、建议、反问等疑问句中,发问者希望得到肯定回答时 ,也可使用。

 Would you like something to drink? 你想喝点东西吗?

Could you please ask someone to help me ? 请你叫人来帮助我好吗?

5. anything作“任何事物”,anyonge作“任何人”讲时,可用于肯定句,条件句。

I can do anything for you. 我可为你做任何事情。Anyone can do this. 任何人都能做这件事。

练习。

1. 句型转换。

1)  Jane did something special yesterday.

_____ Jane______  ____ special yesterday?(变成一般疑问句)

Jane didn’t _______  ______ special yesterday.(变成否定句)

=Jane bought ________ special yesterday.

2There is something interesting in the newspaper.

_____ there _______ interesting in the newspaper? (变成一般疑问句)

There ______  ______ interesting in the newspaper. (变成否定句)

=There is _____________interesting in the newspaper.

3)Everyone seemed to be happy. (变成否定句)_____ ____ seemed to be happy.

2. 选择题

1 ---Did you see _____ in the classroom?  ---No, ______ was there.

A. Someone ;  no one  B. anyone; someone   C. anyone;  no one

2________ went camping yesterday because it rained .

A. anyone    B.  No one    C. Everyone

3)I want to find __________ for my son in the shop.

A. good something    B. good anything   C. something good.

3.用所给单词的正确形式填空。

1) Did Tina meet ___________( someone ) important?

2) There isn’t __________ ( something ) new in the newspaper?

3) Would you like ___________( anything ) to eat?

4)I am very fine. There is __________ ( something ) to worry about.

5) Nobody _________( be ) in the room yesterday.
  
特别提示anywhere作副词在任何地方,到任何地方somewhere常用作副词,意为到某处,在某处,他们的用法与something anyting 相似。somewhere quiet 安静的地方

 Did you go anywhere interesting? 你去过有趣的地方吗?

I can’t find my watch anywhere. 我到处都没找到我的手表。

() some any, manymuch, few, a few, little . a little的用法(见教材P112)

练习: few, a few, little . a little填空

He has _________( 一些) friends in China.

  Do you want water? There is ________ water in the glass

He had ________ money. He couldn’t buy anything.

The question is very difficult and ______ students can answer it.

二、重要的短语背诵

() P1- P3 stay at home 待在家里  go to summer camp去夏令营  go to the beach 去海滩

 go to the mountains 去爬山   visit my uncle看望我叔叔   study for tests为考试而复习.

 something / anything special 特别的东西  someone/ anyone interesting有趣的东西

somewhere / anywhere interesting 有趣的地方  go out 外出   on vacation在度假

take photos / a photo 照相  quite a lot of / quite a few相当多,不少  feed some hens 喂鸡

of course =certainly = sure 当然可以   most of 大多数   most of the time大部分时间  

 baby pigs小猪仔   nothing …but 除了之外,无事可做   at a restaurant在餐馆

 keep a diary / diaries 写日记  go shopping 去购物 seem +adj.= seem to be +adj. 好像

 seem to do sth. 似乎要做某  have a good time / have a fun time/ enjoy oneself 玩得开心

 

()P5-P8  arrive in / at =get to 到达 this morning今天早上 dicide to do sth. 决定做某事

decide not to do sth. 决定不做某事  enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事  walk around四处走 around the town 在小镇周围  try to do sth. 努力/ 设法做某事   try doing sth.尝试着做某事 

feel like的感觉;感受到;想要 feel like doing sth.=would like / want to do sth.想要做某事  

walk up 往上走 walk up to top 步行到山顶  in the past 在过去  start raining 开始下雨  start doing sth / start to do sth. 开始做某事  dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

over an hour一个多小时  wait for 等候   rain hard 下大雨;雨下的大  because of 因为

enough money 足够的钱   too many+可数名词复数  too much +不可数名词 太多 

 one bowl of rice 一大碗米饭  go paragliding 去做滑翔伞运动  the next day第二天

  forget to do sth.忘记去做某事   along the way 沿途 lots of = a lot of  许多

 another two hours另外两个小时;又两个小时go to the countrside 去乡下 bring back 带回来 in the shopping center在购物中心  fnd out查明;弄清   come up升起来;出来

Beijing duck 北京烤鸭   so…that 如此以致  twenty minutes later二十分钟后

keep going 一直走  keep doing sth.一直做某事 ;不断做某事 jump up and down 跳上跳下  in excitement 兴奋地  the last five hours 过去的五个小时

三、重要的句子背诵。

1.Grammar Focus 中的句子。

2. Long time no see = It's a long time not to see you.

3. Did you go anywhere interesting? 你去过有趣的地方吗?

4. I bought something for my parents , but nothing for myself. 我给父母买了东西,但没给我自己买什么。  Why didn’t you buy anything for yourself ?你为何没给自己买东西?

5.It was my first time there.这是我第一次去那里。

6. There was nothing much to do in the evening but read. 除了看书,晚上无事可做。

  There was nothing much_________( do ) but _______ ( watch ) TV. nothing …but+动词原形句型中,but 表示出了之外。

7. No one seems to be bored. 似乎没有一个人感到厌倦。

8. Bye for now.现在再见吧。 (以上来自于P1-P3

9. I feel like I was a bird. 我觉得我好像是一只小鸟。

10.What a difference a day makes! 一天的差异是多么大呀!

11.I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道这儿过去的生活是什么样的。

12.And because of the bad weather , we couldn’t see anything below.并且因为糟糕的天气,底下的东西我们什么都看不到。

13.How do you feel about the trip? 你觉得旅行怎么样?

14. But the next day was not as good.但是第一天不像前一天好。

15. That’s not all. 那还不是全部。              

16. Nothing at all.什么都没有。

17.Everyong in our class took a bag with some food and water.我们每个人都带着装有食物和水的袋子。

18.It was so beautiful that we forgot about the last five hours!它是如此的美丽,以至于我们都忘记了刚过去的五个小时。

四、重要知识讲解。

1. 询问对事物的看法的句型。 How do you like …..?  What do you think of ….

How do you feel about …? 你觉得….怎么样?

 The trip was very exciting. 对画线部分提问。

_____ did you _____ _____ the trip?  =_____ did you ______ the trip?= How did you _____ ______  the tri?  = _____  was the trip?

2. seem 好像;似乎;看来

 seem to do sth. 似乎要做某事It seems / seemed that+句子 似乎、 好像

seem +形容词 = seem to be+形容词 好像

Linda seems ________ ( know ) the answer.   Everything seems easy 一切似乎

He seemed to be very tired.= It seemed that he is very tired.  很容易。

3. bored厌倦的;烦闷的, boring 无聊的;无趣的

区别: bored是感觉无聊,boring是令人感觉无聊;bored 主语是人,boring 主语一般是物;  bored 只能作表语,boring 能作表语,定语。

 They worked 3 hours and they felt _______.  The book is very ________.

He is a ________ person.他是一个令人讨厌的人.This is a _____ song.这是一首乏味的歌曲。

4.enjoy oneself玩得开心;过得愉快  I enjoyed myself yesterday = I had a good time

 Did you enjoy yourself last weekend?= Did you have a fun time last weekend?

5. 表示到达的词语。 get to + 某地。 arrive at + 小地方(车站、码头,学校、单位、家庭、小城镇等),arrive in + 大地方( 国家,城市等).特别提示:arrive at / in ; get to there, here, home 等副词时,要去掉介词 at / in , to . get home / there / here, arrive home / there / here

 When did you arrive at our school ?   He arrived in Beijing yesterday.

6. try 的用法。 1) have a try 试一试    2 try to do sth. 努力/ 设法做某事  3) try doing sth. 尝试着做某事  4) try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做某事。

--I usually go there by train. 我通常乘火车去那儿
--Why not try_______( go) by boat ?
--为什么不尝试乘船呢?

I must try _______ ( finish ) my homework on time .我必须努力按时完成作业。

7. feel like 的用法

1feel like + 从句 觉得好像”…I felt like that I was swimming .我觉得好像在游泳似的。

2) feel like doing sth. “想要做某事”, 相当于would like to do sth. want to do sh.

 I feel like ______ ( talk ) with you.  She didn’t feel like _______ ( eat ) anything.

8. different 形容词,“不同的”, difference 差别;差异,可做可数名词与不可数名词。

  There are some _________ ( difference ) between my sister and me .

9. because 表“因为”引导原因状语从句 so 表“所以”引导结果状语从句,两者不能同时出现在同一句中,但是两者可互换。

  We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet and cold.

=We were wet and cold because we didn’t have an umbrella

10. because because of 的用法。because 是连词后跟一个完整的句子,构成原因状语从句。because of 其后接名词、代词、动名词。有时两者可互换。

 I like hamburgers because They are delicious. 我喜欢汉堡包,因为他们很好吃

Jack stayed at home because of hard rain. 因为大雨,Jack 待在家里。

= Jack stayed at home because it rained hard.

He lost his job because of his age. 因为年龄的原因,他失去了工作。

11. enough 的用法。1)做形容词“足够的;充足的”,修饰名词,可位于名词前、后,但常位于名词之前。enough money , enough time. 2) 做副词“足够”,修饰形容词或副词,常位于形容词或副词之后。The question is _______ ______ (足够难)

She sings _________ _______( 足够好)

12. as+ 形容词 / 副词+as…一样。 Tom is as tall as his father.

13. so +形容词 / 副词+that从句. He got up so late that he couldn’t get to school on time.

= He got up too late to get to school on time.

too  +形容词 / 副词+ to do sth. 以致不能

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