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6.30号--7.2 号阅读理解练习  

2015-06-26 21:25:48|  分类: 初一下学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Passage A

Hip-hop dancing is popular with many young people today. They like it because they can invent their own moves. They use this dance to show their love for life. It also shows that they feel good about life, that they just want to be themselves and enjoy life, and that they are not afraid of problems.

Hip-hop dancing has a history of more than 20 years. It first began in the 1980s in the US. In early times, it was seen in New York and Los Angeles. At that time, many young black people danced to music in the streets. They used their legs, arms, heads and even shoulders to dance. Many young people still use most of their moves today.

Hip-hop dancing became popular all over the world because the 1983 movie Flashdance was a great success. Some people performed Hip-hop dancing in the movie. People enjoyed their performance, and began to dance like them. Then it became popular. There are two kinds of Hip-hop dancing: new school and old school.

More and more young people are learning Hip-hop dancing. People believe that it is a good way to exercise their bodies, and that it is good for their health.

I.根据文章内容,回答下列问题。

(1). Why do young people like Hip-hop dancing?

They like it because.________________________________________________________________

(2). Where was Hip-hop dancing first seen?

It was first seen ____________________________________________________________________

(3). What did the young black people use to dance in the 1980s?

They used their _________________________________ to dance at that time.

(4). How many kinds of Hip-hop dancing are there?

There are _________ kinds of Hip-hop dancing.

(5). When did Hip-hop dancing become popular all over the world?

  It became popular all over the world ___________________________________________________.

II. 实验班必答,平行班选作。

1. Young people like Hip-hop dancing because they can invent moves ________________________.

2. Young people show their love for life ______________ Hip-hop dancing.

3. Hip-hop dancing is a popular dance _________ a history of more than 20 years.

4. Hip-hop dancing became popular all over _____________ the successful movie Flash dance in 1983

5. The best title for the passage can be The ____________ of Hip-hop dancing.

III. 文章改写(不看原文,完成此题)

Nowadays, Hip-hop dancing _______________________(欢迎) many young people all over the world. They like it because they can invent moves in their own way. They use this dance not only to show their ____________________(对生活的热爱) but also to show they are ______________________(足够勇敢) to face problems.

Hip-hop dancing first began ______________________(在二十世纪80年代)  in New York and Los Angeles. Many young black people ______________________(随着音乐跳舞) in the streets. It became world-famous ___________________(因为) a very successful movie Flashdance. Today __________________________(越来越多) young people are learning Hip-hop dancing because it’s a good way to exercise.

                                     Passage B

What is life on Pluto(冥王星) like? Is it any different to life on the earth?  If you lived on Pluto, youd have to live 248 earth years to celebrate your first birthday in Pluto years. It takes Pluto much longer to make one lap (circle) around the sun. One Pluto year is the same as 248 earth years.

 If you weigh 45 kilograms on the earth, you would weigh only 3.6 kilograms on Pluto! Pluto is much smaller than the earth. Gravity(重力) on Pluto is only 8 percent of that on the earth.         

Remember to bring plenty of clothes if you visit the star. Pluto is cold. Because it is far away from the sun, the temperature on it is about 200 degrees centigrade below zero. It gets even colder as it moves farther from the sun in its orbit(轨道). From Pluto, the sun looks like a dot in the sky, and it is the brightest star you can see. The light from the sun is as bright on Pluto as the light from the full moon on the earth.

I.                   根据短文内容填表格

 

On Pluto

On the earth

Year

 1

1.      _____________

Weight

2.      _________________

45kg

Gravity

8%

3.      ________________

Temperature

4.      ___________________

Not mentioned

Light from the sun

5.      ____________________

II.                根据短文内容补全句子

1.Time goes __________ on the Pluto than on the earth.

2.You will be _________ on the Pluto than on the earth.

3.One Pluto year is much longer than an earth year because ______________________.

4.The sun looks like a dot in the sky from the Pluto because the ___________ between them is very far.

5.The passage mainly tells us __________________________.

III.             短文复述

The Pluto is a very _______ planet from the earth. One Pluto year is 248 times ________ than an

earth year. That means it takes Pluto ________ earth years to go around the sun. The gravity pulls things _______(more/ less) on the Pluto than on the earth. In another words things on the Pluto are much _______ than they are on the earth.

     Pluto is far away from the sun. So it is very _______. The temperature is as cold as ____________. You need to bring w_________(首字母填空) clothes. Because of the long distance the sun looks very ________ from the Pluto just like a _______. But the Pluto is very bright. The light from the sun to the Pluto is just like the light from the ___________to the earth.

                                    Passage 3

Boss Ning has been running a dog meat restaurant in this southern Chinese city, Yulin, since 1981 and she says business is better and better. Her customers can enjoy crispy dog or dog hot pot, as well as mutton, duck and other kinds of meat. “Crispy dogs smell good and taste great,” Boss Ning says, without giving her full name. Her customers seem happy too:“Dog meat is delicious. It is a delicacy. It’s nourishing,” says one man who gave his name as Huang. These people think dogs are a kind of food, but new generations of Chinese animal lovers increasingly view dogs ascompanions. Some people who are dog-lovers say many of the dogs are stolen household pets that are then secretly carried thousands of miles and put into wire cages. What’s worse, these poor dogs can’t get food and water.Additionally, the criminal activity of dog theft(盗窃)makes much of the dog meat industry alive, with often violent confrontations(激烈的冲突) between angry dog owners and the thieves.

In the 21st century, dog eating is facing strong criticism inside China. The number of animal lovers and pet owners is becoming larger and larger with the help of thirty years’ economic expansion(经济发展). Of China’s estimated (估计的) 130 million dogs, at least 27 million are city people’s pets, according to research group Euro monitor (英国欧洲商情市场调研公司). And you can find more research results in the diagram(图表) below.

 

And there are signs that dog meat is losing its popularity in some places in China now.

    Ten years ago, it was common(普通的) to see dogs being killed for meat in Beijing’s suburbs(郊区), says Peter Li, at the Humane Society International(国际人道学会).

Today, that is something that is almost not seen, he says.And in Guangzhou, a city well-known for its eating habits, a dog meat restaurant that had been open for 51 years recently closed.

China has the world's second highest incidence(发病率) of rabies in humans. And according to China’s ministry(政府部门) for public health, Guangxi province, where Yulin is located, has the largest number of cases in China, while Yulin is one of China’s “top ten cities” for cases of human rabies.

I believe the dog meat industry is fighting a losing battle.

During my most recent trip to Yulin in May, I sat down to have tea with five dog meat traders. I asked them if they wanted their children to step into their shoes. They answered a resounding “No.”

Their children were ashamed of their parents’profession. The 19-year-old son of one trader asked: “Why are you doing this, out of all the jobs out there?”

It is a question resounding throughout China, and the authorities need to listen.

I.根据文章内容,回答下列问题。

(1) What do people think about dogs according to the passage?

Some people think ________________________, but ____________________________________.

(2)Howcan some people like Boss Ning get dog meat?

________________________________________________________________________________

(3) Why is dog meat is losing its popularity in some places in China now?

Because ________________________________________________________________________.

(4) Please use a word to stand for the word “profession”. ______________________

(5) There is a woman who spent over 7000 yuan on over 100 dogs in Yulin to save them. What do you think of her behavior(行为)?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

II. 根据文章内容,补全句子。

1. According to the passage, we know there are two kinds of people who treat dogs differently, they

are ____________________________________________________.

2. According to the diagram,we know that most people treat dogs as _______________________.

3. The writer asked 5 dog meat traders if they wanted their children to step in to their shoes. That is to say, ________________________________________________.

4. I think the dog meat industry will be _____________________________________.

5. The best title for the passage can be _________________________________.

III. 文章改写。

Dogs are _______________________(欢迎) with many people all over the world. They like themand treat them as __________________ (陪伴) because they can do a lot of things for humans, but some people in China kill dogs for meat. They think dog meat is ____________________(美味的) and nourishing.Ten years ago, dogs were killedin Beijing’s suburbs and the dog meat was sold to some _______________________ (狗肉餐馆).When the buying ___________ (停止), the killing can too. But there is another serious_____________ (疾病) caused by eating dog meat. Now, rabiesin humans happens _______________ (相当容易得). And according to the ________________ (调查) from China’s public health ministry, Guangxi province, where Yulin is, has the largest number of cases in China. _____________________ (总之), more and more people realize (意识到) it is too ________________ (危险的) for us to eat dog meat. And our children ______________ ashamed of that.

                                     Passage 4

Most Important Summer Beauty Tips

1. Wear sunscreen

Although it's important to wear sunscreen every day and every season, a good quality sunscreen is a must during the summer season since it helps to protect your skin from sun damage that can cause aging and even skin cancer. Moreover, sunscreen keeps splotching(斑点)and freckling(雀斑)at bay(陷入困境) so you look gorgeous (华丽的,光彩的)the whole day.

2. Use lighter beauty products

Summer is not a time for thick and creamy beauty products. When it gets hot, a thick foundation and eye shadow will slide right away. To avoid it, opt (选择)for lighter beauty products. Instead of a thick foundation . A good quality lip gloss will complete your summer look.

3. Use waterproof beauty products

One of the most important summer beauty tips to follow is to use waterproof beauty products when you can. Consider using waterproof mascara(睫毛膏), waterproof eye shadow, waterproof eyeliner and waterproof concealer(遮瑕化妆品), and your look will stay in place no matter whether you sweat or swim.

4. Revitalize your hair

The chlorine of the pool and the sun can really damage your hair. Luckily, there are a few quick and easy ways to revitalize your hair during the summer months. For blondes, rinsing (漂洗)the hair with baking soda(小苏打) and some baby shampoo is a proven way to revitalize the hair. If you are brunette(深褐色), rinse your hair with white vinegar. For redheads, chamomile (柑橘)tea is the best option.

5. Try cooling beauty products

Cooling beauty products are not easy to find, but they are perfect for summer.Some cooling beauty products contain menthol(薄荷醇) to give your face, scalp(头皮) or skin a cool blast and help you look refreshed. When the temperature soars, beauty products that contain palladium (钯)can also give you some relief.

6. Put your beauty products in the fridge

If you cant afford or find cooling beauty products, place your regular stuff in the fridge for a while. However, be careful since some beauty products can lose their effectiveness if you leave them overnight. Just place your body lotion in the fridge for a couple of minutes before applying it and enjoy great results.

7. Use bronzer

Use a good quality bronzer on your face to look more gorgeous during the summer season. Bronzer will add the right touch of color and shine to your face and will give you a healthy glow, of course, if you don't overdo it. If you dont want to use bronzer, opt for a light apricot(杏黄色)or peach blush.Hot temperatures during the summer season can make it hard to keep your makeup in place and prevent it from melting. Hopefully, these tips will help you look your best this season. What are some summer beauty tips you have that you can share with us?

I.根据文章内容,回答下列问题。

(1) How many kinds of summer beauty tips are mentioned in the passage? 

  There are _____________ kinds of beauty tips mentioned in the passage.

(2) Why a good quality sunscreen is a must during the summer season?

   It is a must because                              _______________________                           .

(3) What can we do if we can't afford or find cooling beauty products?

  We can place                                                               .

(4) What will a good quality bronzer add ?   

 Bronzer will add                                                                .

(5) What can make it hard to keep your makeup in place and prevent it from melting?

 _____________________________ can make it hard to keep your makeup in place and prevent it from melting

II. 实验班必答,平行班选作。

1.Sunscreen keeps _________________________ at bay so you look gorgeous the whole day.

2. _______________________lighter beauty products.

3. Be careful since some beauty products can__________________________ if you leave them.

4.Some cooling beauty products contain and help you look refreshed.

5. _______________________________________on your face to look more gorgeous during the summer season.

III. 文章改写(不看原文,完成此题)

  There are  1_______________kinds of summer beauty tips. Wearing sunscreen is a must during the summer season since it helps to 2____________________________________________(保护你的皮肤免受晒伤)that can cause aging and even skin cancer. Using lighter beauty products can avoid

3________________________________(浓妆或者眼影立刻脱妆).Using waterproof beauty products can make your look 4_____________________________( 保持原状)no matter whether you sweat or swim. For blonde hair, rinsing the hair with baking soda and some baby shampoo is a proven way to 5____________________________(恢复)the hair.Some cooling beauty products contain menthol to give your face, scalp or skin 6______________________(一阵凉风) and help you look 7__________________________(精神焕发). If you cant afford or find cooling beauty products, place your regular stuff in 8____________________(冰箱) for a while. Using a good quality bronzer on your face to look more 9_______________________(华丽,艳丽的)during the summer season. These tips will help you look best this season.

赏析部分

 

The shortest and the most beautiful poem

1.      Sorry solider, shoes sold in pairs.

2.      Siri, delete Mom from my contacts.

3.      Failed. Failed. Failed. Failed. Failed. Succeeded !

What is Time?

Nursery Rhyme

Time is grain for peasants.

Time is wealth for workers.

Time is life for doctors.

Time is victory for soldiers.

Time is knowledge for students.

Time is speed for scientists.

Time is money for businessmen.

Time is everything for all of us.

Therefore, seize the time of today!

Youth

Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind; it is not a matter of rosy cheeks, red lips and supple knees; it is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination, a vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep springs of life.

Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease. This often exists in a man of 60 more than a boy of 20. Nobody grows old merely by a number of years. We grow old by deserting our ideals.

Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul. Worry, fear, self-distrust bows the heart and turns the spirit back to dust.

Whether 60 or 16, there is in every human being’s heart the lure of wonders, the unfailing childlike appetite for what’s next and the joy of the game of living. In the center of your heart and my heart, there is a wireless station; so long as it receives messages of beauty, hope, courage and power from man and from the infinite, so long as you are young.

When your aerials are down, and your spirit is covered with snows of cynicism and the ice of pessimism, then you’ve grown old, even at 20; but as long as your aerials are up, to catch waves of optimism, there’s hope you may die young at 80.

 Passage A

 

I.  回答问题

1. they can invent their own moves

2. in New York and Los Angeles

3. legs, arms, heads and even shoulders

4. two/2

5. in 1983

II. 实验班必答

1. by themselves / in their own way

2. through

3. with

4. because of

5. history

III. 1.  is poular with 2. love for life 3. brae enough 4. in the 1980s  5. danced to music 6. because of 7. more and more

 


Passage B

I.填表格

1. 248    2. 3.6kg    3. 100%    4. – 200 

5. as bright on Pluto as the light from the full moon on the earth

II.补全句子

1. more slowly    2. lighter    3. it takes Pluto longer to make one lap around the sun

4. distance    5. something about Pluto/ the life on Pluto

III.复述课文

1. different    2. longer    3. 248    4. less    5. lighter     6. cold   

7. 200 degree below    8. warm   9. small   10. dot    11. full moon

Passage 3/C

I. 根据文章内容,回答下列问题。

(1) dogs are a kind of food; new generations of Chinese animal lovers increasingly view dogs as companions(或者把狗当朋友、宠物之类的答案)

(2) Some people steal many of the dogs and then they secretly carried these dogs in wire cages thousands of miles and finally sell them to the dog meat restaurant.

(3) Because China has the world's second highest incidence (发病率) of rabies in humans.

(4) job/ career

(5) (此题旨在让学生谈论对这个问题的想法和看法,答案无正确,只是个人观点而已。)

II. 根据文章内容,补全句子。

1. dog-lovers and dog-eaters

2. guarder, companions, pets and help to catch mice

3. The writer asked 5 people who sell dog meat to make money the same question, and the question is if(是否) they want their children do the same job as they do

4. less and less/ dead/ closed/ stopped

5. Friend or Food?

III. 文章改写。

Dogs are _____popular____(欢迎) with many people all over the world. They like them and treat them as _____companions__ (陪伴) because they can do a lot of things for humans, but some people in China kill dogs for meat. They think dog meat is _____delicious__(美味的) and nourishing. Ten years ago, dogs were killed in Beijing’s suburbs and the dog meat was sold to some ______dog meat restaurants_____ (狗肉餐馆). When the buying _stops_ (停止), the killing can too. But there is another serious ___illness/disease___ (疾病) caused by eating dog meat. Now, rabies in humans happens ___quite easily__ (相当容易得). And according to the ___research_ (调查) from China’s public health ministry, Guangxi province, where Yulin is, has the largest number of cases in China. ___All in all___ (总之), more and more people realize (意识到) it is too __dangerous__ (危险的) for us to eat dog meat. And our children are ashamed of that.

Passage D/4

 

I.

1.seven  2. it helps to protect your skin from sun damage  3. our regular stuff in the fridge

4. the right touch of color and shine to your face and will give you a healthy glow

5. Hot temperature during the summer season

II.

1. splotching and freckling    2. To avoid a thick foundation and eye shadow slide right away , we should opt for  3.   lose their effectiveness   overnight   4.  menthol to give your face, scalp or skin a cool blast   5.Use a good quality bronzer

III.

1. seven  2.protect your skin from sun damage  3. a think foundation and eye shadow slide right away  4.will stay in place   5. revitalize  6. a cool blast    7. refreshed  8. the fridge   9. gorgeous

 

 

 

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