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【转载】新版初中七年级英语下册Unit 4 Don’t eat in class.重点讲解与巩固  

2015-03-05 00:46:05|  分类: 初一下学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新版初中七年级英语下册Unit 4 Don’t eat in class.重点讲解与巩固


1. Mr /mist / 先生。用于姓前

Mrs /misiz/夫人。用于已婚女子丈夫的姓前。

  Miss /mis/ 小姐。用于未婚女子的姓前。

  Ms /miz/ 女士。用于婚姻状况不明或不想区分婚否的女子的姓前。

  sir /s  /先生,阁下。一般单独使用,不与人的姓连用。

  Madam /m d m/女士,夫人,太太。一般单独使用,不与人的姓连用。

2.arrive late for = be late for   做某事迟到

  Don’t arrive late for school.上课不要迟到。

2. else / other 别的,其他的

else修饰疑问词或不定代词,位于其后。Other修饰名词,位于其前。

  What else do you have to do? 你们还必须做什么事?

  I have something else to tell you.我还有别的事情要告诉你。

  Where are the other boys? 其他的男孩在哪儿?

3. have to / must

1)      have to“必须,不得不”,表示客观需要,即受客观条件限制不得不或必须去做某事。

2)      must表示说话人的主观看法。

3)      must只用于现在时,在表示过去、将来和完成时,用have to 的相应形式来代替must.

My mother is ill, I have to look after my sister at home.

我妈妈病了,我必须在家照看我妹妹。

You must be careful. 你一定要小心。

4. practice doing sth 练习做某事

5. too much / too many / much too

too much“太多”,修饰不可数名词。   too much water太多水

too many“太多”,修饰可数名词复数。 too many children太多孩子

much too“太”,修饰形容词或副词。   much too small太小

6.after school放学后   after class 下课后

7.on school nights 在上学期间的晚上

8.No talking! 禁止谈话!

  No+名词或动名词,表示禁止、不要做某事。

  No smoking! 禁止吸烟!  No parking!禁止停车!  No swimming! 禁止游泳!

  No photos! 禁止拍照  No noise!禁止喧哗!

9.I have to be in bed by ten o’clock.我必须在10点之前上床睡觉。

 1in bed “睡觉,卧床”

in hospital在住院     in the hospital在医院里

at table 在吃饭      at the table在桌子边

 2by + 时间:在……之前  by Monday 在星期一之前

by + 交通工具:乘某种交通工具

by the way顺便问(说)一下

 

基础巩固

I. 根据所给单词,填入一个正确的单词形式。

1. Yao Ming practices ______(play) basketball every day.

2. ______(not) talk.. It’ s time for class.

3. My sister ____(have) to look after my mother at home today.

4. I have to go to the supermarket ______(late).

5.We often go to the ______(child) palace after school.

II.单项选择

1. There is _____milk on the floor.

A . too many  B. too much  C. much too  D. many too

2. There are ____rules in my family.

A. too many   B. too much  C. much too  D. many too

3. Please help me _____ French.

A. speaking   B. to speaking  C. with peak  D. speak

4. He often _____English with the foreign teachers.

A. practice speak   B. practices speak   C. practice speaking   D. practices speaking

5. Don’t _____bed _____9 o’clock.

A. go, at       B. in, by      C. be in, by    D. go in, at

5___ she ___ clean the classroom today?

A. Does, has to   B. Does,  have to   C. Does, has   D. Does, have

6Don’t _____TV too much after school.

A. watch     B. watching   C. to watch    D. to watching

7It’s very warm outside. You ____ wear the coat.

A. must   B. don’t have to  C. have to  D. mustn’t

8The girl ___ red dress is my friend’s daughter.

A. with   B. wear   C. put on   D. in

9My mom ____carefully, but she ___ nothing.

A. listened, listened    B. heard, heard    C. listened, heard      D. heard, listened

10Does your father always wear ___?

A. uniform      B. an uniform     C. a uniform   D. two uniform

11--May I take the magazine out of the reading room ?

--No, you can’t.. You         read it here .It’s the rule.

A. must         B. would      C. may      D. might

12_____ in the school library.

A. No talk       B. Not talking   C. No talking   D. Not talk

13He arrives _____ here _____ a cold night.

A.  /;at         B. at; at        C. /;on     D. in;on

14Where _____ did you go last year?

A. other        B. else     C. place   D. others

15We don’t know Jack _____ Bruce.

A. and        B. or       C. about   D. of

16Can she _____ clean the classroom today?

A. has to      B. have to   C. has     D. have

III. 句型转换

A) 根据题后要求完成句子。

1. Run in the hallways.(否定句)

                in the hallways.

2.I have to get up at six.(一般疑问句)

        you         to get up at six?

3.I can eat in the dining hall.(提问)

                you eat ?

4. We have to clean the room.(提问)

        do you have to         ?

5. late, can, arrive, for, we, not, school (连成一句)

                                         .

B) 同义句

6. Get up early.

Don’t         too         .

7. What other place do you have to go to ?

                do you have to go ?

8. Peter must go to bed by ten.

Peter                 go to bed by ten.

9. I washed clothes yesterday.

I         some         yesterday.

IV完成句子

1) 我们不能在教室里练习吉他。

   We can’t _____  ________ the guitar in the classroom.

2) 你必须在11点上床睡觉吗?

   Do you have to ____  _____   ____  _____ 11:00?

3) 我从来没有任何乐趣。

   I ______ have ______ fun.

4) 你认为那条规定怎么样?

   _____ do you _____  ___ that rules?

5) 图书室里不许大声讲话。

   No ______  _______ in the library.

中考链接

1 --Do I have to come back tomorrow?(2007武汉市中考题)

--Yes, you ____.

A. can     B. may     C. must     D. should

2 --Must I finish the work today, Mom?

--N o, you __. You can finish it tomorrow.

A. mustn’t   B. can’t   C. shouldn’t   D. needn’t

3.Don’t  forget  to __“Thank  you”  when  someone  has  helped  you.

A. speak   B. tell  C. say    D. talk

4. Keep quiet, kids. Dad ____in the next room.(2007绍兴市中考题)

A. slept   B. sleeps   C. is sleeping   D. had slept


 

【知识点拨】重点词汇及句型用法讲解:

[解析1]. Let’s see the pandas first._____________________

A、这是一个let’s开头的祈使句,表示邀请,建议;意为让我们let’slet us缩写,后面接动词原形。即let sb do sth肯定回答用That sounds interesting/ OK./All right./Yes, let’s …   /All rightOK。否定回答用Sorry, I……
趁热打铁:
Let’s          (play)volleyball, All right.
Let’s          (go) to a movie.
Let me           (tell) you about it.
B
see 在句中是及物动词,意为“_____________”,强调看的结果。

你能看见那只鸟儿吗? ______ _____ _____ the bird

C“first”副词。意为“_________________”,我想先回家.  I want to ___________ ___________ ___________.“First” 也可做序数词,表示“_________” 国庆节在十月一日。 National Day is on ___________ ___________.

[解析2].why do you want to see them? __________________________________.

1Why 是特殊疑问词,意为“___________”,用来引导询问原因的特殊疑问句。常用because引导的句子来回答,表示直接的原因或理由。

你为什么喜欢音乐?因为它有趣.____ ____ you like music? ______ it’s interesting.

2)注意:在英语中用because  不用so,或用so不用because 如:

Because English is very interesting, I like it.

Because English is very interesting, so I like it. ( × ) 

3want sth   想要某物     

我想要一件蓝色毛衣。I  _______  _______blue sweater.

want to do sth .     想要做某事   

她想先看大象:She _______  _______ _______the elephants first.

want sb to do sth.       想要某做某事 

 我父母想要要我帮助他们。My parents______ _____ _____ _____them.

[解析3].well, because she’s kind of boring. _______________________________

 kind of 是固定用法,常见口语中,意为“_________”,常用来修饰形容词,相当于_________也可单独使用。

例如:考拉有点害羞。 Koalas are _________ of shy.

“kind”可做名词,意为“_________ ”。短语what kind of...._____________

例如: 你喜欢哪种食品?______ ______ ______ food do you like?

“kind”还可做形容词,意为善良的、友好的

他的妈妈是一个善良的女人。Her mother is a _______ ________.

形近短语:all kinds of 各种各样different kinds of 不同种类的a kind of   一种

[解析4]she sleeps all day, her name is Lazy.  ________________________

      “sleep”做动词,意为“__________”后面可跟副词或介词。

例句:因为噪声我不能睡好。I can’t ______ ________ because of noise(噪声)

“all”形容词,意为_____,与单数名词连用时,表示某事在某段时间内持续发生。例句:他整日整夜的玩。He plays ________  ________ and ________.

“all”做形容词时, 还可与可数名词复数或不可数名词田连用,表示全部、所有;一切。此时名词前可用the,this,that, my ,her 等修饰;可数名词复数前还可用数词修饰。

她所有的朋友都在这儿。_______ ________ ________ are here.

所有的同学放学后都回家了。_______ _______ _______ go home after school.

【学习过程】

Step1. 1a, 1b, 1c, 讲解 welcome to 补充词汇: clever, lovely, large, heavy, scary.

Step2. 2a, 2b, 2c, 讲解kind of, a little, so, really; be from/ come from; South Africa

Step3. 2d. 带着以下问题听对话:1Does Peter have a pet? What’s the name? What can he do?

 2) Does Jenny’s mother have a pet? What’s the name? What can she do?

默读对话,完成下列表格

 

Animal

Name

Description

Can do

Peter’s pet

 

 

 

 

Jenny’s mom’s pet

 

 

 

 

跟读对话注意语音语调,重读,语气

 

 

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