注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

lili的博客

lili的博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 

初二上 Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.单词、短语、重点句、语法、练习  

2014-06-27 11:06:37|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

单词

outgoing ['a?tɡ????] adj.外向的

better ['bet?(r)] adj.更好的;较好的 adv.更好地

loudly ['la?dli] adv.大声地;高声地;花俏地

quietly ['kwa??tli]  adv.安静地;悄悄地;平静地

hard-working [hɑ?d'w??k??]  adj.勤勉的;努力工作的

competition [?k?mp?'t??n] n.竞争;比赛

fantastic [f?n't?st?k] adj.极好的;了不起的

which adj.哪一个;哪一些pron.哪一个;哪些

clearly ['kl??li] adv.清楚地;显然地

win [w?n] v.赢;赢得;获胜;获得n.胜利

though conj.虽然;尽管;adv.不过

care about关心

talented ['t?l?nt?d] adj.有才能的;有天赋的

truly ['tru?li] adv.真实地;真诚地;正确地

care [ke?(r)] v.关心;担忧;照顾;在乎

serious ['s??ri?s] adj.严肃的;严重的;庄重的

mirror ['m?r?(r)] n.镜子;反映

necessary ['nes?s?ri] adj.必要的;必然的

both [b??θ] adj.两者都pron.两者

should [??d] aux.应该;可能;应当;将要

touch [t?t?] vt.触摸;感动

reach [ri?t?] v.到达;伸出;达成;取得联系;延伸;(伸手)去够

heart [hɑ?t] n.心脏;内心

fact [f?kt] n.事实;真相;实际

break [bre?k]  v.打碎;折断;违背;解决;中断

laugh [lɑ?f] v.发笑;笑;嘲笑  n.笑声;笑;笑料

similar ['s?m?l?(r)] adj.类似的

share [?e?(r)] vt.分享,共享;分配;共有

loud [la?d] adj.大声的;adv.大声地;响亮地

primary ['pra?m?ri] adj.最初的,最早的

be different from...不同

information [??nf?'me??n]  n.信息;情报;资料;通知

as long as只要

bring out拿出;推出

the same as...同样的

in fact事实上;实际上;确切地说

be similar to类似于;与...相似

重点短语

 

1.       . more outgoing                     更外向  

2.       asas                       与……一样……  

3.       the singing competition           唱歌比赛

4.       be similar to                    与……相像的/类似的 

5.       the same as                    和……相同;与……一致

6.       be different from                与……不同

7.       care about                      关心;介意  

8.       be like a mirror                 像一面镜子 

9.       the most important              最重要的 

10.  as long as                     只要;既然   

11.  bring out                     使显现;使表现出   

12.  get better grades               取得更好的成绩

13.  reach for                     伸手取     

14.  in fact                       事实上;实际上   

15.  make friends                 交朋友   

16.  the other                    其他的

17.  touch ones heart           感动某人

18.  be talented in music          有音乐天赋

19.  be good at                  擅长……   

20.  be good with                善于与……相处 

21.  have fun doing sth.          享受做某事的乐趣 

22.  be good at doing sth          擅长做某事  

23.  make sb. do sth.             让某人做某事

24.  want to do sth.               想要做某事   

25.  as+adj./adv.的原级+as         与……一样……  

26.  Its+ adj.+for sb. to do sth.    对某人来说,做某事……的。

三.重点语法 

() 重点句型   

1. Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom.       萨姆和汤姆都会打鼓,但是萨姆比汤姆打得要好一些。     

both (1) 表示“两者都”, both用在含有be动词的句中,应放在be动词的后面;用在含有行为动词的句中,应放在行为动词的前面,         

(2) bothand…表示“两者都”,both...and在句中连接并列成分,如主语、谓语、表语、宾语等,位置比较灵活。     

E.g. Both New York and London have traffic problems. (连接主语)        

The secretary both speaks and writes Spanish.(连接谓语)

【考例】My parents ________ doctors.           

A. both are   B. all are   C. are all   D. are both       

拓展:all表示“三者或三者以上全都”的意思,

every指三个以上的人或物(含三个)

each指两个以上的人或物(含两个)     

练习:用all,both,every,each填空     

1) My brothers and I are ________l at school.     

2) ________ student may have one book.    

3) ________Tom and Jim are my good friends.     

4) Three students are flying kites,they are________ in Class 1.  

 

1.     Tara works as hard as Tina.  塔拉学习和蒂娜一样努力。     

as...as意为“与……一样……”,as...as中间接形容词或副词的原级。

其否定结构not as/so...as意为“不如……”。     

E.g. He is as tall as his father.   他和他爸爸一样高。        

Tom gets up as early as Jim. 汤姆起得和吉姆一样早。        

Lucy isnt as outgoing as Mary.  露西不如玛丽外向。  

注意:(1) 其否定式为not as/so +adj./adv. +as      

E.g. This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.          

(2) 若有修饰成分,如twice, three times, half, a quarter等,则须置于第一个as之前        E.g. Your bag is twice as expensive as mine. 你的包比我的贵一倍。  

3. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though.    

不过,你能看得出来,丽萨确实想赢。    

win此处用作不及物动词,意为“赢;获胜”;

win还可用作及物动词,意为“赢得;在……中获胜”,此时其后的宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。    

E.g. He won the first prize.         Who won the race  

辨析:winbeat     

    win表示“赢得;获胜”,用作及物动词时,其宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。 E.g. We won the basketball game.     

beat表示“打赢;战胜”,用于比赛时,其宾语为所战胜的对手       

E.g. Li Lei beat all the runners in the 100-metre race.

 (2) though此处作副词,意为“不过;可是;然而”,通常用于句末,前面用逗号与句子隔开。     

E.g. Jim said that he would come; he didnt, though.   

 

拓展:though作连词,意为“虽然;尽管”,相当于although    

E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily.  

注意:although/thoughbut不能同时出现在一个句子中    

E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily.       

=He has no money, but he lives very happily.   

2.     But the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.    

但是最重要的是学到一些新东西并获得乐趣。 

(1)   the most important意为“最重要的”,是important的最高级形式。

important的比较级为more important,形容词的最高级形式前必须有定冠词the     E.g. I think English is the most important of all the subjects.        

The most important thing is to work hard.    

(2) have fun意为“获得乐趣;玩得高兴”。    

E.g. Its a good place to have fun.   

拓展:have fun doing sth.意为“做某事很有趣”。    

E.g. Did you have fun visiting that country  

5. ....truly cares about me... 

care about 关心,在意

take care当心

take care of 照顾  

 

练习:用适当的词组填空 

1) Your mother truly____________you.  

2) He has to ____________ his sister.

3) ____________ not to fall into the river.     

6. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我发笑。 

(1) make sb. do sth.意为“让某人做某事” 

E.g. His father always makes him get up before five oclock.  

 

拓展:make的用法:     make加名词make food 做饭   make the bed 铺床  make money 赚钱     make + sb./sth. + adj. 使某人感到……;使……处于某种状态       E.g. The soft music makes Tina sleepy.     make sb./sth. + n. 使某人成为……       E.g. The party made her a good teacher.     make sb./sth. + 过去分词 让某人被……       E.g. I made myself understood by all the students.      make sb./sth. + do sth. 使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号to)       E.g. Wars make the peace go away.      注意:当make用于被动语态时,必须带不定式符号to.     E.g. We were made to work all night.         I was made to repeat the story.     (2) 辨析:laughsmile  laugh一般表示“出声地()笑”,不但有面部表情,而且还有声音。    laugh at...意为“嘲笑……;因……而发笑”。     E.g. Dont laugh when you have a meal.  smile一般表示“无声地微笑”,指的是面部表情。    smile at...意为“向……微笑”。     E.g. He smiled at me.    7. Yes, and a good friend is talented in music, too.      talented为形容词,意为“有才能的,有才干的”,其比较级形式为more talentedbe talented in为固定搭配,表示“在……方面有天赋”。     E.g. She is a talented musician.  她是一名天才音乐家。         The boy is talented in dancing. 这个男孩很有舞蹈天赋。   8. Im quieter and more serious than most kids. 我比大多数的孩子更文静更稳重。     (1) serious为形容词,意为“严肃的;稳重的”。     E.g. My math teacher is very serious in class.   拓展:① nothing serious意为“没有什么严重的”。         be serious about... 意为“对……认真”。     E.g. Is she serious about giving up her job9. Thats why I like reading books and studying harder in class.     那就是我在课堂上喜欢读书、学习更刻苦的原因。      Thats why...意为“那就是……的原因”,why引导的句子作表语,是表语从句。     E.g. Thats why I dont want to leave here.        I got up late, and thats why I missed the bus.   10. Im shy so its not easy for me to make friends.      我很腼腆。因此对我来说交朋友不是很容易。      Its+形容词+for sb. to do sth.”是固定结构,意为“做某事对某人来说是……的”。结构中的it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。句中的形容词为描述事物特征的词,如difficulteasyhardimportantdangerousnecessarypossible等。      E.g. Its very important for us to eat a lot of vegetables every day.         Its dangerous for a child to stay at home alone.    11. But I think friends are like booksyou dont need a lot of them as long as theyre good. 但是我认为朋友就像书一样——你不需要很多。只要它们好就行。     as long as意为“只要;既然”,引导条件状语从句,主句为一般将来时或含有情态动词can时,所引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。     e.g.You can leave here as long as you tell the truth.        You will get good grades as long as you work hard.   12. However, Larry often helps to bring out the best in me.     然而,拉里经常帮助我表现出最好的一面。     bring out意为“使显现;使表现出”。      E.g. I want to bring out the meaning of the poem.我想阐明一下这首诗的意义。   拓展:① bring out还意为“出版;生产”。     E.g. The company is bringing out a new sports car.          bring out the best/worst in sb. 把某人最好/最坏的一面展现出来     E.g. Please tell me how to bring out the best in me.    13. I dont really care if my friends are the same as me or different.      我真的不介意我的朋友是与我一样还是不同。      if作连词,意为“是否”,引导宾语从句,常用于askknowwonderfind out等动词(短语)之后。E.g. I dont know if he is at home.         He asks me if I like music.    14. A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart.     真正的朋友是一个可以援手帮助并感动你心扉的人。      (1) reach for sth.意为“伸手取某物”,reach此处作不及物动词,意为“伸手”。     E.g. He reaches for the box, but he is too short.   拓展:reach作及物动词,意为“到达;抵达”。     E.g. When will you reach Beijing   辨析:reach, get toarrive      reach为及物动词,后面直接接宾语。     E.g. They reached Hangzhou yesterday.    get to后接地点名词,如果接thereherehome等地点副词,to必须省略。     E.g. How did you get to the station      arrive为不及物动词,后接地点名词时必须加介词atin。到达国家、城市等大的地方用in,到迭学校、商店等小的地方用at。接thereherehome等地点副词时不用介词inat      E.g. I arrived at the company three hours ago.         They arrived in Hangzhou yesterday.     (2) touch及物动词,意为“感动;触摸”。     E.g. The sad story touched us.         He touched his sons head lightly.    练习    1) Our hometown is more beautiful than before, ________?(济南中考)     Aisnt it   Bis it     Cdoesnt it      Ddoes it   2) Li Huas shoes are as ________ as Zhang Huis. (湖南常德中考)     Acheap     Bcheaper    Cthe cheaper    3) She sang a song I believe I can fly in Yangzhou English c1assics Reading Contest. I have never heard a ________ voice than that before. (江苏扬州中考)     Agood     Bwell      Cbetter     Dbest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:  

               比较级               最高级

 good/well            better                 best 

 bad/badly            worse               worst 

 many/much           more               most 

 little                  less                least 

  far               farther(更远)     further(更深远)    farthest(最远)     furthest(最深远) 

as(原级)as与……一样……         not as/soas不如

 Liming is as tall as Jim.    Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.   一.重点短语:

1.on weekends   2.on weekdays  3.as for  4.my eating habits  5.have a healthy lifestyle   6.the same as  7.the result of   8.junk food  9.get good grades   10.see a dentist   11.have a healthy habit    12.be stressed out  3.a balanced diet  14.for example  15.at the moment  16.be sorry to do sth  17.go bike riding  18.take walks=go for walk  19.take a vacation  20.plan to do sth  21.western country   22.take sth with sb 23.depend on 24.host family  25.hardly ever  6.ask sb about sth  27.get back to school  8.a balance of  29.kind of

二.考点归纳:

考点1.want sb to do sth 想要某人干某事

 His father wants him_____(become )an actor.

考点2.try 的用法:

1).try to do sth 尽力干某事

 He tries ______(eat) lots of vegetables and fruit every day .

2).try not to do sth 尽力不干某事

 We try______(not let) my teacher down.

3).try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力干某事

  We should try our best ______ (study) all subjects.

4)词组: try on 试穿 have a try    试一试

考点3.although 的用法:

 although /though 引导让步状语从句,“即使,虽然”,不能与but 连用,但可与yet, still 连用。

考点4.finish doing sth 结束干某事

 I will finish______ (work )out the problem in another two minutes .

考点5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地干某事

 I can’t wait _____(open)the TV when I get home .

考点6.decide 的用法:

1).decide to do sth 决定干某事

2).decide not do sth 决定不干某事

3).decide on doing sth 决定干某事

4).同义词组:

 make a decision to do sth = make up one’s mind to do sth = decide to do sth

 He has decided to leave for Wuhan .=

 He has ______ a _____ to leave for Wuhan.=

 He has ____up his_____ to leave for Wuhan.

考点7.plan to do sth 计划干某事

 She is planning ______(take )a vacation in Shanghai next month .

考点8.think about doing sth 考虑干某事

 He thought about ______(go ) to Beijing on vacation . 

考点9.go + v-ing 的用法:

 go fishing    go boating    go skating  go shopping   go hiking  go skateboarding

考点10.句型: It’s + adj +for /of sb to do sth

 同义句:

1).It’s +adj +for sb +to do sth = To do sth + be  +adj

   2).It’s +adj +of sb +to do sth  = Sb +be +adj + to do sth

 It is very friendly of you to help me .=_____ _____ friendly to help me .

 It’s very hard for you to work out the math problem .=

 ______ _____ out the math problem is very hard for you

       

  评论这张
 
阅读(998)| 评论(0)
推荐

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017