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初二上 u.1 单词、短语、重点句、语法、练习  

2014-06-27 10:53:39|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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八年级上册英语知识点

Unit1  Where did you go on vacation?
单词

anyone ['eniw?n] pron.任何人

anywhere ['eniwe?(r)] adv.任何地方 n.任何(一个)地方

wonderful ['w?nd?fl] adj.精彩的;极好的

few [fju?] adj.很少的;n.少量

most [m??st] adj.最多的;大多数的;

something ['s?mθ??] pron.某事物;

nothing(=not…anything) ['n?θ??]   pron.没有什么n.没有

myself [ma?'self] pron.我自己

everyone ['evriw?n] pron.每人;人人

yourself [j??'self] pron.你自己;你亲自

hen [hen] n.母鸡;雌禽

bored [b??d] adj.无聊的;厌烦的;郁闷的

pig n.猪

diary ['da??ri] n.日记;日记簿(keep a diary)

seem [si?m] vi.似乎;好像

someone ['s?mw?n] pron.某人;有人

quite a few相当多;不少(后接可数名词)

of course [?vk??s] 当然

activity [?k't?v?ti] n.活动;活跃

decide [d?'sa?d] v.决定;选定(decide to do sth.)

try [tra?] v.尝试;设法;努力  (try to do sth. /try doing sth.)

bird [b??d] n.鸟;禽

paragliding ['p?r?ɡla?d??] n.空中滑翔跳伞

bicycle ['ba?s?kl] n.自行车

building ['b?ld??] n.建筑物

trader ['tre?d?(r)] n.商人;商船

wonder ['w?nd?(r)] v.惊奇;想知道;怀疑

difference ['d?fr?ns] n.差异;不同

top [t?p] n.顶部;顶

wait [we?t] v.等;等待(wait for)

umbrella [?m'brel?] n.伞;雨伞

wet [wet] adj.湿的;雨天的

below [b?'l??] prep.低于;在...下面adv.在下面

as [?z] conj.如同;像...一样

enough [?'n?f] adj.足够的adv.足够地;充分地

duck [d?k] n.鸭肉;鸭

hungry(反full) ['h??ɡri] adj.饥饿的;渴望的

feel like(doing sth.)想要

dislike [d?s'la?k] v.不喜欢;厌恶  n.不喜爱;厌恶;反感

because of因为;由于

have a good time=enjoy oneself=have fun(doing sth.)玩得痛快

 

ne ['eniw

?n] pron.任何人

anywhere ['eniwe?(r)] adv.任何地方 n.任何(一个)地方

wonderful ['w?nd?fl] adj.精彩的;极好的

few [fju?] adj.很少的;n.少量

most [m??st] adj.最多的;大多数的;

something ['s???] pron.某事物;

nothing(=not…anything) ['n?θ??]   pron.没有什么n.没有

myself [ma?'self] pron.我自己

everyone ['evriw?n] pron.每人;人人

yourself [j??'self] pron.你自己;你亲自

hen [hen] n.母鸡;雌禽

bored [b??d] adj.无聊的;厌烦的;郁闷的

pig n.

diary ['da??ri] n.日记;日记簿(keep a diary)

seem [si?m] vi.似乎;好像

someone ['s?mw?n] pron.某人;有人

quite a few相当多;不少(后接可数名词)

of course [?vk??s] 当然

activity [?k't?v?ti] n.活动;活跃

decide [d?'sa?d] v.决定;选定(decide to do sth.)

try [tra?] v.尝试;设法;努力  (try to do sth. /try doing sth.)

bird [b??d] n.鸟;禽

paragliding ['p?r?ɡla?d??] n.空中滑翔跳伞

bicycle ['ba?s?kl] n.自行车

building ['b?ld??] n.建筑物

trader ['tre?d?(r)] n.商人;商船

wonder ['w?nd?(r)] v.惊奇;想知道;怀疑

difference ['d?fr?ns] n.差异;不同

top [t?p] n.顶部;顶

wait [we?t] v.等;等待(wait for)

umbrella [?m'brel?] n.伞;雨伞

wet [wet] adj.湿的;雨天的

below [b?'l??] prep.低于;在...下面adv.在下面

as [?z] conj.如同;像...一样

enough [?'n?f] adj.足够的adv.足够地;充分地

duck [d?k] n.鸭肉;鸭

hungry(full) ['h??ɡri] adj.饥饿的;渴望的

feel like(doing sth.)想要

dislike [d?s'la?k] v.不喜欢;厌恶  n.不喜爱;厌恶;反感

because of因为;由于

have a good time=enjoy oneself=have fun(doing sth.)玩得痛快

 

重点短语

1. go on vacation去度假            

2.stay at home  待在家里             

3.go to the mountains 去爬山

4. go to the beach     去海滩    

5. visit museums   参观博物馆       

6. go to summer camp   去参加夏令营

7.quite a few      相当多      

8.study for    为……而学习       

9.go out   出去

10.most of the time   大部分时间      

11. taste good     尝起来很好吃      

12.have a good time   玩得高兴 

13. of course     当然        

14.feel like    给……的感觉;感受到             

15.go shopping   去购物 

16.in the past  在过去                   

17. walk around  四处走走         

18. because of  因为

19. one bowl of 一碗…… 

20. the next day  第二天       

21. drink tea  喝茶     

22. find out  找出;  查明 

23. go on  继续                

24.take photos   照相              

25. something important   重要的事  

26. up and down  上上下下       

27. come up   出来          

28. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.  为某人买某物

29. taste + adj.  尝起来……  

30. look+adj. 看起来……

31.nothingbut+动词原形     除了……之外什么都没有

32.seem+to be+ adj.    看起来……

33. arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点    到达某地

34.decide to do sth.  决定去做某事    

35. try doing sth.  尝试做某事 /    

36. try to do sth.   尽力去做某事     

37. forget doing sth.   忘记做过某事/  

38. forget to do sth.   忘记做某事    

39. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 

40. want to do sth. 想去做某事         

41. start doing sth.  开始做某事     

42. stop doing sth.  停止做某事 

43.  dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事

44. keep doing sth.   继续做某事

45. Why not do. sth.?  为什么不做……呢?

46. so+adj.+that+从句     如此……以至于……   

47. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

48 .have a good time=enjoy oneself=have fun(doing sth.)玩得痛快

三、重点句子: 

1. Where did you go on vacation?      你去哪儿度假的?

2. Long time no see.                 好久不见。 

3. Did you go anywhere interesting?    你去有趣的地方了吗?

4. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.  

大多数时间我只呆在家里看书和放松。

5. Everything was excellent.    一切都很棒。 

6. I bought something for my father.    我给我爸爸买了些东西。

7. How did you like it     你觉得它怎么样? 

8. I arrived at Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.  

今天早晨我和家人到达马来西亚槟城。

9. For lunch, we had something very special.   午饭我们吃了很特别的东西。 

10. but many of the old buildings are still there.     

……但是许多旧的建筑物还在那里。  

11. My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today.   

今天我和爸爸决定去槟城山。 

12. And because of the bad weather , we couldnt see anything below.   

并且因为糟糕的天气,我们看不见下面的任何东西。

语法:

复合不定代词或副的构成及用法 

构成:由some, any, no, every分别加上-body, -thing, -one构成的不定代词叫做合成不定代词;加上-where构成副词。

用法: 

1)合成不定代词在句中可以作主语,宾语或表语等。

Nobody will listen to him. He wants something to eat.

 2)不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。 There is nothing wrong with the TV. Everybody likes reading. 

3some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中;

any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句中。

some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。

Someone is calling me. 

There isnt  anyone else there.

Is anybody over there? 

Could you give me something to eat? 

4)形容词修饰不定代词时,通常要放在不定代词之后。

There is something delicious on the table. 

5somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere用作副词。

Flowers come out everywhere.     

注:① 形容词修饰不定代词要后置:anything special            

不定代词做主语时谓语用单数.

巩固练习:

用不定代词或不定副词填空: 

1. I cant hear anything = I can hear _________. 

2. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up.

3. Did ________ go to play basketball with you ?

4. I phoned you last night, but ________ answered it. 

5. Maybe __________ put my pencil _________. I cant find it ___________.

单选 

1. No one ________ how to do it.  A.know   B. knows  C. knowing  D. knew

2. Everything_____OK, isnt it?    A. was   B. are   C. and   D. is 

3. Theres________in the newspaper. You should read it.  

A. important something   B. something boring  

C. boring something     D. something important.

 

1.     arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.

(翻译)___________________________________  

arrive为不及物动词,意为____,

arrive in 到达+大地方(国家 市)     

arrive at 到达+小地方(机场 商店等)     

get to 到达+地方     

reach 到达+地方

      

The Smiths_____ New York at 8:00 last night.         

A.arrived at    B. got to    C.reach      D.arrived

2. so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. (翻译)_____________ 

3. decide为及物动词,意为决定,决心。决定做某事:____________.

4. My sister and I tried paragliding. (翻译)____________________

try to do sth.意为______________;

try doing sth.意为________________

We shouldnt try _______(study) English, we should try ________(study) English.

5.I felt like I was a bird.(翻译)_______ _________________________. 

feel like意为_____后常接_____.另外feel like还意为_____

Do you feel like a cup of tea?

6.I wonder what life was like here in the past.(翻译)_____________ 

wonder为及物动词,意为“想知道”,后常接疑问词(who, what, why)引导的从句。

I wonder _____ you are doing.(我想知道你正在做什么。)

6.What a difference a day makes!   感叹句,结构为What +名词+主语+谓语!

补充:________________________________________________

7. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 

________ 为等候 ,后接人或物。

________为太多,后接可数名词复数;

 ________+不可数名词(money;

________为太…后接形容词或副词(big

8 .My father didnt bring enough money.  

Enough后可接________________,其形式分别为______________________

(1)   want to do sth. 想要做某事   

(2)   want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事   

(3)   would like to do sth. 想要做某事    

(4)   (2) decide to do sth. 决定做某事       

(5)   decide on 决定某事

课后练习 

一、用所给词的适当形式填空。 

1. I didnt find ______ ( someone ) there. 

2. Is there _______( something ) important in todays newspaper? 

3. Look! There is _______ ( anybody ) at home. The light is on. 

4. Amy _______ ( meet ) a famous actor yesterday. 

5. There _______ ( be ) forty-five students in our class last term. 

6. Miss Green ________ ( come ) to China in 2008.

7. Little Tom _______ ( be ) here a moment ago.

8. She _________ ( buy ) a new bag yesterday.

二、单项选择 

(     )1. ----_____ you ______ to the movies ----  Yes, I did. 

A. Did   went         B. Did  go     C. Are  went

(     )2. ----- How was your weekend?    ------ Great! We _______ a picnic in the park. A. have               B. has         C. had  (     )

3. Mrs Green with her little daughter _______ at home ______ that rainy night. 

A. was  on            B. were  on      C. was  at (     )

4. --- Who told you to clean the windows?          ---Miss Wang ______ 

A. told                B. did        C. has told (     )

5. ---- Do you always _______ to the zoo?          ----- Yes, I ______ yesterday. 

A. go  go       B. go  went      C. went  go  (     )

6. ---- ______ there any koalas in the zoo last year?           ---- No, there ______. 

A. Are  aren’t   B. Were  wasn’t    C. Were  weren’t  (     )

7.----- Did you go with ______?         ------ Yes, I did. 

A. someone       B. anyone     C. somebody (     )

8. ----- Did you buy ______ special?   ----- No, I didnt. 

A. something      B. some things    C. anything

三、句型转换 

1Lucy played computer games yesterday.

( 改为一般疑问句 ) 

______ Lucy _____ computer games yesterday?

2We went to the Palace Museum. 

( 对划线部分提问 ) _______  ______ you ______? 

3There was someone here just now.

改为否定句 ___________________________________________ .

4She played volleyball just now. 

改为否定句 She _______  ________

5volleyball just now. They ate a lot of ice cream.   

( 对划线部分提问 ) ________  ________ they ________? 

6My vacation was pretty good.  

( 对划线部分提问 ) ________  _______ your vacation?

 

Monday, July 15th

I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. It was sunny and hot, so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. My sister and I tried paragliding. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! For lunch, we had something very special—Malaysian yellow noodles. They were delicious! In the afternoon, we rode bicycles to Georgetown. There are a lot of new buildings now, but many of the old buildings are still there. In Weld Quay, a really old place in Georgetown, we saw the houses of the Chinese traders from 100 years ago. I wonder what life was like here in the past. I really enjoyed walking around the town.                                              

 

Tuesday, July 16th

What a different a day makes! My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today. We wanted to walk up to the top, but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train. We waited over and hour for the train because there were too many people. When we got to the top, it was raining really hard. We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet and cold. It was terrible. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below. My father didn’t bring enough money, so we only had one bowl of rice and some fish. The food tasted great because I was so hungry!

不规则动词过去式:         

am,is-was          are-were,         do-did,        see-saw,       say-said     

give-gave          get-got,           go-went       come-came     have-had,   

eat-ate            take-took         run-ran,       sing-sang,      put-put,    

make-made        read-read,        write-wrote     draw-drew   

drink-drank,       fly-flew,          ride-rode,       speak-spoke,   

sweep-swept       buy-bought,       swim-swam,     sit-sat,    

bring--brought,    can-could,         cut-cut         become-became,  

begin-began,       draw-drew        feel-felt         find-found

forget-forgot       hear-heard        keep-kept       know-knew, 

learn-learntlearned               leave-left,        let-let,    

lose-lost,            meet-met,       read-read,        sleep-slept,           

speak-spoke,     take-took           teach-taught ,      tell-told,     wake-woke

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