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初一下u.7 短语句子、练习  

2014-05-06 22:33:58|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Unit 7 It’s raining短语和句子

语法 :现在进行时结构  

肯定句       sb be+doing 

否定句       sb be+not+ doing

 一般疑问句   Be sb+doing..   Yes,sb+be    No,sb+ be not

特殊疑问句   What be sb doing?

表示天气的单词、短语和句子

1.rainy / raining  下雨的

 2.snowy /snowing 下雪的

 3.windy 刮风的4.cloudy 多云的

 5.sunny 晴朗的 6.foggy 有雾的

 7.warm温暖的 8.humid=wet潮湿的

 9.hot 热的10.dry干燥的

 11.cool 凉爽的12.cold

 13.at the park= in the park在公园里

 14.How is it going?  最近怎么样? 

 15.Great/ Pretty good/ Not bad / Just so-so /Terrible.

  非常好,相当好。还不错。一般般。糟透了。

Everything is going well.  一切顺利。

 16.Sounds like= It sounds like 听起来好像......

 17.have a good time 玩的开心,过得愉快

   = have a great time

   =have fun

   =enjoy oneself

 18.have a good time/ have a great time/ have fun/ enjoy oneself+( in) doing sth做某事很开心.

 19.at home 在家 at one’s home在某人的家里

 20.be not here不在这儿

 21.take a message for sb.  为某人捎个口信

 22.give sb. a message  留口信给某人

 23.receive a message from sb.收到某人的信息

 24.leave a message  留个口信

 25.Could you help me?= Could you please help me?  你能帮助我吗?

 26.sure/ of course /certainly  当然可以

 27.cook v.做饭 n.厨师      cooker  n.厨具

 28.cook dinner做晚餐

 29.do some cooking做饭

 30.cook sth.for sb.= cook sb. sth.  为某人做饭

 31.be back/get back  返回

 32.come back 回来

 33.go back  回去

 34.bring back 拿回

 35.take back  收回

 36.call sb. back  给某人回电话

 37.Could you do sth....请你做某事好吗?

 38.no problem.没问题,不用谢,没关系

 39.right now 现在

 40.in Picture D 在图片D

41.visit sb/ sp 拜访某人/ 参观某地

42.visit sb= go to see sb=pay a visit to sb拜访某人

43.summer school 夏季学校、暑期班

44.study for test 为考试学习、复习备考

45.learn to do sth 学习做某事

46.learn how to do sth 学习如何做某事

47.learn a lot from sb.

从某人身上学到很多东西

48.learn a lot 学到很多东西

49.a lot 很多,非常   like…/eat/rain a lot

50.learn from sb 向某人学习

51.learn… by oneself自学

52.thanks a lot 非常感谢= many thanks

53.some of my old friends 我的一些老朋友

54.be happy to do sth 做某事很开心

55.sit by the pool 坐在游泳池边

56.It’s relaxing. 令人放松。

57.I feel relaxed.  我感觉很轻松。

58.See you soon. 再见。

59.study /work hard 努力学习

60.hard,努力地刻苦地,严厉的,坚硬的,猛烈地

61.be on a vocation 度假

62.in the mountains 在山里

63.The phone isn’t working=The phone doesnt work 电话坏了

64.write to sb= write a letter to sb 写信给某人

65.write back to sb. 给某人写回信

66.receive/ get a letter from sb= hear from sb 收到某人的来信

67.be right for+n/ pron /doing...   正适合...

68.take a photo of 照一张...的照片

69.in the snow 在雪中

70.on a river 在河上

71.speak to sb 对某人说

72.call sb. at… 给某人打电话……

73.call sb. back 给某人回电话

74.in the rainy weather 在下雨的天气里

75.in the snow在雪地里

76.in the rain在雨地里

77.in the wind在风中

78.in the sun/sunshine在阳光下

79.How is the weather...?=What’s the weather like...?  天气怎么样?

80.It’s rainy./It’s raining./ There is much rain. 下雨

81.How is the weather in Beijing today? 北京今天天气怎么样?

82.This is Tom speaking.It’s ... 我是汤姆。

83.Is that Jim? 你是吉姆吗?

84.Who’s that/it?  你是谁?

85.May/Could/Can I speak to...?  我可以和...通电话吗?

86.Hold on, please. 别挂断,请稍等。

87.Sorry, he isn’t here. 对不起,他不在。

88.Sorry, you’ve got the wrong number. 对不起,你打错了。

89.Sounds like you are having a good time. 听起来好像你正玩得开心。

90.Can I take a message for him. 我可以给他捎个口信吗?

91.Could you just tell him to call me back? 你能不能让他给我回个电话?

92.I’m having a great time visiting my aunt in Canada. 我正在加拿大愉快地拜访我的姨妈。

93.I’m so happy to see them again. 我很高心再次见到他们。

94.I am on a vacation in the mountains. 我正在山里度假。

95.I want to call you but my phone doesn’t working.我想给你打个电话,但是我的电话现在不能用。

96.I’m writing to you.我正在给你写信

97.The weather is cool, just right for walking.天气凉爽正适合散步。

98.tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事

99.ask sb. to do sth.  请某人做某事

100. have fun doing sth. 很愉快的做某事

=enjoy oneself doing sth.

=have a good time doing sth.

=have a great time doing sth.

=have a nice time doing sth.

=have a pleasant time doing sth.

=have a wonderful time doing sth.

 

练习题

. 词汇

1. How’s the w       in Beijing? It’s raining.

2. How’s it going? It’s t   _____   I can’t pass the driving exam.  (首字母)

3. It’ll be         in Harbin tomorrow. sun

4. Look! People are          TV at homewatch

5. Listen! they         songs.  (唱)

6. I don’t like w         because it’s too cold.

7. Yunnan is a warm place.  It’s        .  (pretty good/too bad选择)

8.  What do you do when you’re free? I help Mum       _____(cook) .

9. I’m r       _____  after the vacation.

10. The dolphins are         on the beach. / laiiη/

. 根据句子意思及所给单词,写出正确的单词形式

1. Look! They _________________studyEnglish under the tree over there.

2. It’s kind of hot because it’s ___________sun.

3. How’s the weather tomorrow? It’s _______wind.

4. What’s the weather like today? It’s ______snow.

5. How’s the weather in Shanghai? It’s ________rain.

6. There are a lot of ________ in the sky. It’s ________cloud.

7. Everyone ________behaving a good time.

8. This country has 5 thousand(千)________yearof history.

9. It’s a beautiful _________sunday.

10. Thank you for ___________joinour show.

11. These people are taking ________photoin the park.

12. Are they ___________watchTV? Yes, they are.

. 单项选择:

1. It’s too _______ outside, you must put on your coat.

A. hot      B. cool      C. cold      D. warm

2. What _______ the children ______?

A. is, doing     B. does, do      C. are, doing     D. do, do

3. ________ you ______ the window? Yes, I am.

A. Do, clean     B. Is, cleaning     C. Do, cleaning     D. Are, cleaning

4. _______ are they doing there? They’re running.

  A. Who     B. What   C. Where   D. Whose

5. --- How is it ________? --- It’s not bad. 

A. go   B. going    C. goes   D. is

6. -- ______ is the weather? ---- It’s windy.

A. What    B. How   C. When     D. Where

7. -- Hi, Lucy! Glad to see you. What are you doing here? -- I’m ______ vacation now.

A. on   B. in   C. at   D. for

8. On the wall there are two pictures. ______ is Tom’s and ______ is Mary’s.

A. One, one   B. One, other     C. One, the other     D. One, others

9. --Who is standing under the tree?   --       . 

A. Tom are   B. Tom is   C. Tom does  D. Tom do

10. --The sun is shining here now.    —It     great.

A. sounds  B. sound  C. is sounding  D.is sound

11. He’s sitting ______ the beach and ______ orange juice.

    A. on, drinking   B. in, drinking   C. on, drinks   D. in, drinks

12. He learns _______ in the sea.

A. to swim   B. swimming  C. to walk   D. walking

13. --- Hello! _______ Ann. Is that Lily speaking?

    A. I am    B. This is   C. That is   D. She is

14. Oh, it’s really a ______ day. I can’t find all my money.

   A. interesting   B. terrible   C. pretty    D. good

15. -- Where is Sam? Do you know? -- Look! He’s ______ on the beach. How cool!

A. swimming     B. lying C. looking D. having

16. --Hi. How’s it going?  --      .

A. I don’t like it   B. I will go to school  

C. Not bad    D. No

17. It is Sunday today. Look! Alice and Bob   in the park.

A. is playing   B. are playing  C. plays    D. No

18. What do you do when it     ?

A. snowing    B. snow    C. is snowy  D. is snow

19. Her mother is     . She     her students now.

A. a teacher, teach        B. teacher, teaches      C. a teacher, teaching      D. a teacher, is teaching

20. I’m not     a book like this.

A. watching  B. reading  C. looking at  D. seeing

21. It’s     today. I think it’s going to     .

A. cloud; rain      B. cloudy; raining    

C. cloudy; rain     D. cloudy; rainy

22. --How is the weather today

--Oh, lots of people are wearing warm clothes, so guess it is    .

A. cold   B. humid  C. hot   D. warm

23.--Do you like cold rainy weather

--      .I like hot, humid weather, too.

A.  No, I  don’t  B. Yes, I  like  C. Yes , I do .D. No ,  I like it

. 句型转换:

1. How’s the weather in Wuhan?(同义句)

 

2. The students are having an English class. (划线提问)

______________________________________

3. They are cleaning the classroom. (一般疑问句)

_________________________________________

4. The twins are eating some strawberries.

(改为一般疑问句)

___________________________________?

5. It is snowy today.  (对划线部分提问, 两句

__________________________________

=_________________________________

6. home  Joe  Uncle  is  look  at  cooking (连词成句)

__________________________________

7. France  windy  the  in  weather  in  cool  and  is  winter (连词成句)

_____________________________________

________________________________

. 根据汉语意思完成句子

1. 有很多人在这儿度假。

There are ______ ________ here ______ ________.

2. –天空正在下雨时,你在干什么?   -我在看书。

-What are you ________ when it’s ________?  -I am ________ a ________.

3. 一些人正在公园唱歌,另一些人正在跳舞。

In the park, ________ are ___________ songs, ________ are _____________.

4. 我感到很惊讶,他们能在这样热的天气中踢足球。

  I am ______________ they can play soccer ______ __________ ___________.  

. 阅读理解

A

In England, people don’t often talk much. You can get on a bus or a train, and everyone sits looking out of the window. Often they read books or newspapers. But they don’t talk much. When you meet English people, they often talk about one thing – weather. So when you meet someone in England, you can say, “Nice weather for the time of year!” “But it is a little cold today. ” Someone may answer. “But it will be warm in the afternoon. ”  You can say. If you talk like this, the English people will think, “How friendly you are!”

1. On the bus, the English people don’t often ______.

A. talk much.    B. stand     C. eat anything     D. read newspapers

2. When you meet English people, talk like this: ________.

A. How do you do?      B. How are you? 

C. Nice weather!      D. Nice to meet you!

3. If you talk to English people about the weather, they think _______.

A. you are friendly     B. you are right   

C. you are English   D. you talk too much.

4. Which is right?

A. English people like to talk on a bus.  

B. English people love the weather

C. English people are not friendly at all.  

D. English people don’t talk much.

5. The English people talk with you about weather  to show you they are _________.

A. hungry   B. happy    C. friendly    D. busy

B

We often talk about the weather. If we want to know about the weather. We can turn on the radio(收音机)and listen to the weather report. We can also turn on the TV and watch the Weather Show. And we can ask other people in two different ways, “What’s the weather like today?” or “How is the weather today?” Sometimes you can call at 121 for the weather.

When it’s cold, we shiver and need to wear warm clothes and scarves. When it’s raining, we need raining-coats or umbrellas雨伞). When it’s hot, we need a cool place and want a cold drink.

6. You can watch the Weather Show _________________.

A. on radio B. on TV           C. at 121                       D. on other people

7. You can ask other people “______________” to know about the weather.

A. What’s the weather           B. How is the weather like

C. What does the weather like         D. How is the weather

8. We want a cold drink when it’s ________________.

A. cold                           B. warm                       

C. hot                    D. raining

9. Telephone 121 is for _________________.

A. ill                    B. fire                          

C. weather           D. food

10. The word “shiver” is “____________” in Chinese.

A. 颤抖                       B. 出汗                       

C. 看病                        D. 避暑

 

 

 

参考答案

一、1-10  weather      terrible   

sunny       watching  

are singing   winter

          pretty good   cook  

relaxed     lying

三、 CCDBB   BACBA   ABBBA   CBCDB   CAA

四、 1. What’s the weather like in Wuhan?

2. What are the students doing now?

4. Are any 

5. How’s the weather today?

6. Look! Uncle Joe is cooking at home. 

7 The weather in France is cool and windy.

五、1 many people  on vacation  2 doing rainy  reading book  3 some singing   others  dancing  4 surprised in this heat

六、 ACADC   BDCCA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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