注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

lili的博客

lili的博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 

11. 27 笔记 speak talk say tell的区别  

2014-11-27 21:36:18|  分类: 初一上学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

speak的意思是“说话”,作不及物动词,通常指说话的能力和方式,也有“演讲,发言”之意;作及物动词时,其后宾语多是表示语言的名词。speak to常表示“同……说话”。
Do you speak English?你会说英语吗?
She is speaking to the shop assistant.她正在同售货员说话。

Say 意思是“说”,强调说话内容。例如:
--"What are you saying?" “你在说什么?”
-- "I'm saying nothing." “我什么也没有说。”
Please say it in English. 请用英语说。

Talk 意思是“谈”,与介词to 或with 连用表示“与…交谈”,与介词about 或of连用表示“谈论…内容”。例如:
May I talk to you? 我可以和你谈一谈吗?
Xiao Li is talking with her teacher. 小李正和她的老师谈话呢。
What are you talking about? 你们在谈论什么呢?

tell的意思是“讲”、“告诉”,作及物动词,意为“讲述”、“告诉”,指把一件事或一个故事讲出来,有连续述说的意思,如:tell the truth(说实话),tell a lie(说谎),tell a story(讲故事)等,tell可接双宾语结构或复合宾语结构,有时表示“嘱咐或语气较轻的命令”,常用于tell sb.(not)to do sth.结构中。例如:
Please tell us the good news. 请告诉我们好消息。
I have something to tell you. 我有事要告你。
Do you have anything to tell us? 你有什么事要告诉我们吗?

搭配:

speak+语言
speak to sb.

 


say+说的内容

say to sb.

sb says, “...”

sb says that + 句子

 

tell sb. sth.
tell sth. to sb.
tell sb. to do sth.
tell sb. not to do sth.

tell sb. about sth.

tell a story

tell a lie


talk to sb.
talk with sb.

talk about

 

say,speak,tell,talk辨析及练习;1.speak强调单方的“说”或“讲”并且强调的;Pleasespeakmoreslowly.请说;Ispoketo/withthechairman;2.talk强调双方“交谈”,一般用作不及物动词;Hewastalkingto/withafrie;Whataretheytalkingabout?;3.say

say, speak, tell,talk 辨析及练习

1. speak 强调单方的“说”或“讲”并且强调的是说的动作,一般用作不及物动词,要表示“对某人说(某事)”,可用 speak to / with sb (about sth)。后面可跟某种语言。如: Speak English in my class,please. 在我的课上请说英语

Please speak more slowly. 请说慢一点。

I spoke to / with the chairman about my idea. 我跟主席说了我的想法。

2. talk 强调双方“交谈”,一般用作不及物动词,表示“同某人谈论(某事)”,可用 talk to / with sb (about sth)。如:

He was talking to / with a friend. 他在同一位朋友谈话。

What are they talking about? 他们在谈论什么?

3. say 强调说话内容,一般用作及物动词。表示“对某人说”,可用 say to sb。如: Did you say anything (to him)? 你(对他)说了些什么?

He said (that) he wanted to go. 他说他想去。

注:以下句型值得注意:

据说他病了。

正:It is said that he is ill.

正:He is said to be ill.

4. tell 表示“告诉”,可tell sb sth. / tell sth to sb.告诉某人某事。 如: tell sb sth. / tell sth to sb.

I told him my name. 我把名字告诉了他。

He told his parents the good news. / He told the good news to his parents. 他把这个好消息告诉了他父母。

注:还可接不定式的复合结构作宾语,tell sb to do sth 叫某人做某事。如: Tell her to come at once. 叫她马上来。

He told the children not to play in the street. 他叫孩子们不要在街上玩。

另外,有时与介词 from 连用表示“区分”“辨别”等。如:

I cannot tell which is which. 我分不清哪个是哪个。

Can you tell true friends from false friends? 你能分清真假朋友吗?

【即学即练】用say, speak, tell或talk填空。

1. The teacher the students not to be late again.

2. Do you often to your friends on the phone?

3. Don’t forget to “Thank you” when someone opens the door for you.

4. Can you Japanese?

5. Our English teacher comes from America, but she often we can Chinese when we us stories in Chinese.

Key: 1. tells 2. talk 3. say 4. speak 5. says; speak; talk; tells

  评论这张
 
阅读(42)| 评论(0)
推荐

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017