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There be 与have/has用法区别  

2014-11-25 23:06:53|  分类: 语法知识 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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There be 句型与have, has的区别

 

一、There be句型

1.表示:在某地有某物或某人。

2.在there be 句型中,主语是单数或不可数名词,be 动词用is ;主语是复数,be 动词用are ;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be动词的那个名词决定。

There is a book on the desk.  There is some water in the glass.

There are three men under the tree .  There is a bag, two books and three pens on the desk.

3there be句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

There is a duck in the river.

否定句:There is not a duck in the river.

一般疑问句:Is there a duck in the river?

4some any there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

There are some books on the desk.

There is some water in the bottle.

Are there any students in the classroom?

Is there any yogurt in the glass?

 

5. 针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many +  名词复数 + are there  + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

How many students are there in your class?

How much water is there in the pool?

 

7.针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

What’s + 介词短语?

There are many apples on the tree.

What’s on the tree?

 

二、havehas

1.表示:某人或某物拥有什么东西,强调所属关系而且某人某物作为句子的主语。

2have用在人称Iweyouthey和复数的人或物后面。has用在人称he, she, it和单数和人或物后面。

I have a daughter. 

He has a lucky dog.

 

三、There be句型与havehas有时也可以通用。

如:The classroom has ten desks. = There are ten desks in the classroom. 教室里有十张桌子。

 

注意:

1“have 表示一日三餐的名词,意为用餐。如:have breakfast吃早餐,have lunch吃午饭,have supper吃晚饭。

2“have 表示食品、饮料等名词,意为吃;喝。如:have (some) bread吃面包,have eggs (for breakfast) (早餐)吃鸡蛋,have (a cup of) tea (一杯)茶。

3“have 表示动作的名词,没有固定的意思,常与表示动作的名词同义。如:

have a rest 休息一下

have a swim 游泳

have a drink (of...)喝一点(……)

have a look (at ...)(……)看一眼

4“have 表示某种活动的名词,意为进行,举行。如:

have a class (学生) 上课

have a birthday party 举行生日聚会

 

相关练习题

一、用恰当的be动词填空。

1There          a lot of sweets in the box.

2There          some milk in the glass.

3There          some people under the big tree.

4There          a picture and a map on the wall.

5There          a box of rubbers near the books.

6There          lots of flowers in our garden last year.

7There          a plate of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.

8There          four cups of coffee on the table.

 

二、用 havehas填空。

1I ________  a nice picture.

2He ________  a good friend.

3They _________ some kites.

4We ________ some flowers.

5She __________  a duck.

6My father __________  a new bike.

7Her mother _________  a vase.

8Our teacher _________  an English book.

9Our teachers _________ a basketball.

10Their parents __________  some story books.

11Nancy _______  many skirts.

12David ________ some jackets.

13My friends  ________ a football.

14What do you ________  ?

15What does Mike ________ ?

16What do your friends _________ ?

17What does Helen _________ ?

18His brother _______ a basketball.

19Her sister _______ a nice doll.

20Miss Li ________ an English book.

 

三、用“have, has” “there is , there are” 或者“is there , are there”填空。

1. I ______ a good father and a good mother.

2. ___________ a book on the desk.

3. He ________ a tape-recorder.

4. ____________ a basketball in the playground.

5. She ________ some dresses.

6. They _________ a nice garden.

7. What do you _________  ?

8. _____________ a reading-room in the building?

9. What does Mike _________ ?

10. _____________ any books in the bag?

11. My father _______ a story-book.

12. ______________ a story-book on the table.

13. ______________ any flowers in the garden?

14. How many students ____________ in the classroom?

15. My parents _________ some nice pictures.

16. ____________ some maps on the wall.

17. _____________ a map of the world on the wall.

18. David ________ a car.

19. David’s  friends ___________ some dogs.

20. _____________ many children on the hill.

 

四、把下列句子改为否定句。


 

1. I have a ping-pong ball.

 

2. We have a basketball.

 

3. They have a new TV.

 

4. They have many flowers.

 

5. Mr Smith has a telephone.

 

6. His aunt has a new TV.

 

7. He has a nice room.

 

8.There is an apple in the basket.

_____________________________________

9.There are some boys in our class.

_____________________________________


 

 

五、把下列句子改成一般疑问句并做肯定和否定回答。

1. I have a ping-pong ball.

 

2. We have a basketball.

 

3. They have a new TV.

 

4. They have many flowers.

 

5. Mr Smith has a telephone.

 

6. His aunt has a new TV.

 

7. He has a nice room.

 

8.There is an apple in the basket.

_______________________________________________________________________

9.There are some boys in our class.

_______________________________________________________________________

 

六、单项选择。

(    ) 1. _____ he have a pencil case ?

A. Do    B. Does    C. Is    D. Are

(    ) 2. I ___ a football, and Jiamin _____ a basketball.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 3. Does he have a computer? No, he ______.

A. doesn’t    B. don’t     C. hasn’t    D. haven’t

(    ) 4. Mr White ____ two children.

A. doesn’t have  B. have  C. doesn’t has   D. don’t have

(    ) 5. Does Tom _____ any erasers ? Yes, he ______ some.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 6. Many people _____ computers now .

A. have    B. has    C. are

(    ) 7. They ____ some oranges.

A. have    B. has    C. are there

(    ) 8._____ you got a card?

A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 9._______ any teachers in the office?

A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 10.Is there a goose in the river? _____________.

A. Yes ,he is     B. No, there is .    C. Yes,there is.

 

 

 

 

用恰当的be动词填空。
1
There ______ a lot of sweets in the box.
2
There ______ some milk in the glass.
3
There _________some people under the the big tree.
4
There____________a picture and a map on the wall.
5
There_______  a box of rubbers near the books.
6
There _______ lots of flowers in our garden last year.
7
There _______ a tin of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.
8
There _______ four cups of coffee on the table.
Fill   in   the   blank   with   “ have,   has ”
1.   I_________ a nice puppet.
2.   He_________a good friend.
3.   They__________ some masks.
4.   We___________some flowers.
5.   She___________ a duck.
6.   My father____________ a new bike.
7.   Her mother___________a vase.
8.   Our teacher_________ an English book.
9.   Our teachers___________a basketball.
10.   Their parents___________some blankets
11.   Nancy_________many skirts.
12.   David__________some jackets.
13.   My friends__________a football.
14.   What do you__________?
15.   What does Mike__________?
16.   What do your friends___________?
17.   What does Helen___________?
18.   His brother________a basketball.
19.   Her sister_________a nice doll.
20.   Miss Li__________an English book.

 

There be 句型与have, has的区别相关练习题

一、用恰当的be动词填空。

1There          a lot of sweets in the box.

2There          some milk in the glass.

3There          some people under the big tree.

4There          a picture and a map on the wall.

5There          a box of rubbers  near the books.

6There          lots of flowers in our garden last year.

7There          a plate of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.

8There          four cups of coffee on the table.

9. There          a postman at the window.

10. There         a noise in the kitchen now. 

3. There          two pairs of shoes under the bed.

4. There         a river near our school.

5. There          three books and a pencil on the desk.

 

二、用 havehas填空。

1I ________  a nice picture.

2He ________  a good friend.

3They _________ some kites.

4We ________ some flowers.

5She __________  a duck.

6My father __________  a new bike.

7Her mother _________  a vase.

8Our teacher _________  an English book.

9Our teachers _________ a basketball.

10Their parents __________  some story books.

11Nancy _______  many skirts.

12David ________ some jackets.

13My friends  ________ a football.

14What do you ________  ?

15What does Mike ________ ?

16What do your friends _________ ?

17What does Helen _________ ?

18His brother _______ a basketball.

19Her sister _______ a nice doll.

20Miss Li ________ an English book.

 

三、用“have,has” “there is , there are” 或者“is there , are there”填空。

1. I ______ a good father and a good mother.

2. ___________ a book on the desk.

3. He ________ a tape-recorder.

4. ____________ a basketball in the playground.

5. She ________ some dresses.

6. They _________ a nice garden.

7. What do you _________  ?

8. _____________ a reading-room in the building?

9. What does Mike _________ ?

10. _____________ any books in the bag?

11. My father _______ a story-book.

12. ______________ a story-book on the table.

13. ______________ any flowers in the garden?

14. How many students ____________ in the classroom?

15. My parents _________ some nice pictures.

16. ____________ some maps on the wall.

17. _____________ a map of the world on the wall.

18. David ________ a car.

19. David’s  friends ___________ some dogs.

20. _____________ many children on the hill.

四、把下列句子改为否定句和一般疑问句并做肯定和否定回答。。


 

1. I have a ping-pong ball.

                                                                      
                                                                            
                                                                                                                

2. We have a basketball.

                                                                      
                                                                           
                                                                              

3. They have a new TV.

                                                                       
                                                                            
                                                                                

4. They have some flowers.

                                                                            
                                                                            
                                                                                

5. Mr Smith has a telephone.

                                                                        
                                                                            
                                                                                 

6. His aunt has a new TV.

                                                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                 



   7. He has a nice room.

                                                                       
                                                                            
                                                                            

8.There is an apple in the basket.

_____________________________________                                   
                                                                             
                                                                             

9.There are some boys in our class.

_____________________________________                                                           

                                                                            
                                                                             


 

 

六、单项选择。

(    ) 1. _____ he have a pencil case ?  

A. Do    B. Does    C. Is    D. Are

(    ) 2. I ___ a football, and June _____ a basketball.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 3. Does he have a computer? No, he ______.

A. doesn’t    B. don’t     C. hasn’t    D. haven’t

(    ) 4. Mr White ____ two children.

A. doesn’t have  B. have  C. doesn’t has   D. don’t have

(    ) 5. Does Tom _____ any erasers ? Yes, he ______ some.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 6. Many people _____ computers now . 

A. have    B. has    C. are

(    ) 7. They ____ some oranges.

A. have    B. has    C. are there

(    ) 8._____ you got a card?

A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 9._______ any teachers in the office?

 A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 10.Is there a goose in the river? _____________.

 A. Yes ,he is     B. No, there is .    C. Yes,there is.



七、翻译下列句子。

1. 桌子旁边有一个碗。
                                                                                  

2. 篮子里又一个苹果。
                                                                               

3. 河的附近有一个房子。

                                                                               

4. 房子的附近有一棵树。

                                                                               

5. 碗里有一个橘子。
                                                                                

 

 

There be 句型与have, has

There be 句型与have, has的区别

1There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)

2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最*be 动词的那个名词决定。

3there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

4there be句型与have(has) 的区别:

there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。

5some any there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句,any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6and or there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句,or 用于否定句或疑问句。

7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What’s + 介词短语?

Ⅰ语法填空

1.       there be 句型表示:                 

2.       there be 句型中,主语是单数,be动词用         ;主语是复数,be动词用      ;如有几件物品,be动词根据最靠近be动词的那个名词决定。

3.       There be句型的否定句在be动词后面加        ,一般疑问句把be动词调到          

4.       There be句型与have(has)的区别:there be句型表示              have(has)表示               

5.       someanythere be句型中的运用:some用于           句;any用于            

6.       How many开头的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:How many+名词          +           +          

7.       写出下列表示方位的介词:

1)在……附近                      2)在……里面                           

      3)在……上面                      4)在……下面                           

      5)在……前面                      6)在……后面                           

      7)在……旁边                    

Ⅱ用适当的be动词填空

   1.There        a photo in my purse.  2.There        two boys in the bus.  3.       there a map on the wall?

   4.There        two rulers and a pen over there. 5.There        a doga cat and five horses on the hill.

   6.There        no money in my purse. 7.There        no books in the bag.

   8.There        not any books in the bag.

   9.There        no book in the bag.  10.There       not a book in the bag.

Ⅲ用anysome填空

   1.There are        flowers under the tree.  2.Are there        birds in the picture?

   3.There aren’t       cars behind the house.  4.Are there        books in the bag?No,there aren’t        .

there is, there are, have, has填空

   1.         a cup on my table. 2.I        a new sharpener. 3.             six birds in the tree.

 4.My uncle       a good friend. 5.          a pencil, a ruler and two books on the teacher’s desk.

句型转换

1.       There is a dog under the tree(变否定句)

2.       There is a map of Macao on the wall(变一般疑问句)

3.       There are some apples on the tree(变否定句)

4.       There are some chairs in Nick’s room(变一般疑问句)

5.       There is a dog under the tree.(划线部分提问)

6.       There are eleven computers in the big room.(划线提问)

7.       Is there a child in the car? (写出肯定和否定回答)

8.       Are there any balls behind the door?(写出肯定和否定回答)

9.       How many trees are there near the river? (写出三种不同的回答)

汉译英

1.       有一只猫在椅子下。

2.       墙上有五幅画。

3.       一辆单车在我爸爸的车后面。

4.       树上有几个苹果?

5.       她的书包里没有书。

6.       我的珠子上没有外套。

7.       他的房间里面没有电脑。

8.       那张画里有鸟吗?有的。

9.       那棵树下有小孩吗?没有。

10.   你的铅笔盒里有两块橡皮吗?是的。

11.   那个教室里有杜少张书桌?有十五张。

12.   那门后有几把扫帚?只有一把。

13.   那棵树上有几只鸟?没有鸟在上面。

14.   那窗户旁边有几张椅子?有六张。

15.   你叔叔的钱包里有几张照片?有两张。

16.   尼克的椅子下有多少球?只有一个。

17.   那山上有多少栋房子?有十栋。

一、Fill in the blank with “have, has” or “there is , there are”

1. I________ a good father and a good mother.  2. ____________a telescope on the desk.

3. He_________ a tape-recorder.   4. _____________a basketball in the playground.

5. She__________ some dresses.   6. They___________ a nice garden.

7. What do you___________?   8. ______________a reading-room in the building?

9. What does Mike___________?    10. ______________any books in the bookcase?

11. My father_________ a story-book.    12. _______________a story-book on the table.

13. _______________any flowers in the vase?  14. How many students____________ in the classroom?

15. My parents___________ some nice pictures.    16. _____________some maps on the wall.

17. ______________a map of the world on the wall.     18. David__________ a telescope.

19. David’s friends___________ some tents.      20. ______________many children on the hill.

二、Fill in the blank with “ have, has ”

1. I_________ a nice puppet.   2. He_________ a good friend.   3. They__________ some masks.

4. We___________ some flowers.  5. She___________ a duck.    6. My father____________ a new bike.  

7. Her mother_______ a vase. 8. Our teacher______ an English book. 9. Our teachers______ a basketball.  10. Their parents_____ some blankets.   11. Nancy_____ many skirts.   12. David______ some jackets.

13. My friends______a football.       14. What do you______?     15. What does Mike_______?

16. What do your friends_______?  17. What does Helen_____?   18. His brother_______ a basketball.

19. Her sister______ a nice doll.     20. Miss Li______ an English book.

三、用恰当的be动词填空。
1
There _________a lot of sweets in the box.      

2There _________some milk in the glass.
3
There ________some people under the the big tree.

4There ________a picture and a map on the wall.
5
There ________ a box of rubbers near the books.

6There ______lots of flowers in our garden last year.
7
There _____a tin of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.

8There _____four cups of coffee on the table.

 

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