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【转载】人教新版初中7年级英语上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?讲解与测试  

2014-11-22 20:51:49|  分类: 初一上学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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人教新版初中7年级英语上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?讲解与测试

(一)语言目标

    谈论爱好和厌恶。

(二)语言功能

    学会用英语表达自己喜欢或不喜欢的东西,询问别人是否喜欢,提出建议。

(三)重点句型

    Do you like bananas? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

    I like French fries. I don’t like tomatoes.

(四)主题词表

 

(五)重点词汇及短语

    词汇:

    like, hamburgers, tomatoes, broccoli, French fries, oranges, ice cream, salad, bananas, eggs, carrots, strawberry, apples, chicken, breakfast, lunch, dinner, fruit, vegetable.

    短语:

    a lot of   like to do sth.  like doing sth.

 

(六)语法

  1. 动词like的用法。

  2. 一般疑问句的肯定、否定回答。

  3. 名词复数的使用。

(七)重难点分析:

  1. 可数名词和不可数名词

    1)可数名词:

    ①定义:是可以计数的名词。

    ②可数名词前可以用aan限定。

    ③可数名词前可以用onetwothree…限定。

    ④可数名词有复数形式。

    2)不可数名词:

    ①定义:指不能计数的名词。

    ②不可数名词前不可以用aan限定。

    ③不可数名词前不可以用onetwothree…限定。

    ④不可数名词没有复数形式。

  2. 一般名词的复数形式

    1)一般在名词词尾加-s。如:banana-bananas

    2)以-o-s-sh-ch-x结尾的名词,在词尾加-es构成复数形式。如:tomato-tomatoes

    3)有些以-o结尾的名词仍加-s。如:photo-photos

    4)以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,把-y去掉,加-ies。如:family-families

    5)以-f-fe结尾的名词,把-f-fe去掉且加-ves。如:life-lives

    6)有些名词以改变拼写来构成复数形式。如:man-men

    7)有些名词单、复数相同。如:sheep-sheep

  3. lots of大量的,许多的

    lots of 在意思上与a lot of相同,都表示“大量、许多”,但lots of主要用于口语,两个都可以用来修饰可数名词和不可数名词,如:

    I haven’t got a lot of time. 我们的时间不多了。

    There was lots of money in the safe.

    保险箱中有许多钱。

  4. Do you like bananas?  你喜欢香蕉吗?

    Yes, I do. 是的,我喜欢。(肯定回答)

    No, I don’t. 不,我不喜欢。(否定回答)

    like是及物动词(vt.),意为“喜欢”“愿意”“想要”,后面可以加名词,代词宾客,动词不定式(to + v. 原形)或动名词(v. -ing作宾语。例如:

    He likes reading in bed. 他喜欢躺在床上看书。(接v. -ing作宾语)

否定句:don’t/doesn’t like

问句:Do/Does + 主语+ like ……..?

  5. 主语为第三人称单数时一般现在时的结构

    肯定式:主语+谓语 v. 的单数第三人称形式+其他,如:

    He likes bananas a lot. 他非常喜欢吃香蕉。

    否定式:主语+助动词(doesn’t)+动词原形+其他。

    如:He doesn’t like bananas. 他不喜欢吃香蕉。

    疑问式:助动词(Does)+主语+动词原形+其他。

    肯定回答:Yes,主语+does

    否定回答:No,主语+doesn’t。例如:

    Does Kate like meat? 凯特喜欢吃肉吗?

    Yes, she does. 是的,她喜欢。

    No, she doesn’t. 不,她不喜欢。

  6. breakfast的用法

    1)泛指“早饭”,前面不加冠词,例如:

    At what time do you have breakfast?

    你什么时候吃早点?

    Chinese have porridge(粥) for breakfast.

    中国人早饭吃粥。

    2如果breakfast有修饰词,前面通常加不定冠词“a。例如:

    He had a quick breakfast this morning.

    他今天早餐吃得很快。

    拓展:

at breakfast  吃早饭时

before breakfast  早饭前

after breakfast  早饭后

    3have sth. for breakfast. 早餐吃……

    注:以上用法通用于lunchsupper,另外“吃早(午,晚)餐”常用have breakfast/lunch/supper

  7. like doing like to do

    两者意思差不多,都是“喜欢做某事”的意思,但也有差别:

    like doing 指习惯性的兴趣爱好;

    like to do 指某一特定的动作。

    例如:I like reading. But I don’t like to read now.

  8. fish作可数/不可数名词的用法

    fish可以作不可数名词,表示吃的“鱼肉”,没有复数形式;fish也可以作可数名词,表示“鱼”,复数形式为原形,但也可以加-es,表示不同种类的“鱼”,例如:

    I like eating fish fish指“鱼肉”).

    I catch(抓)many fishfish指“鱼”,复数为原形).

    I catch three fishes fishes指三种鱼).

  9. like介词

表示“像……一样”。例如:

    You are like your father.       你长得像你爸爸。

    Lucy’s hat looks like my cat.    Lucy的帽子看起来像我的猫。

    其中be likelook like

 

(八)考题分析

  [考题1]a, an, some完成下列短语。

    1___________ hamburgers

    2____________ cake

    3____________ tomato

    4____________ orange

    5____________ egg

    6____________ salad

    [考题2]写出下列名词的复数形式。

    knife _____________                         woman _____________

    people _____________                       radio _____________

    potato _____________                        sheep _____________

    box _____________                           watch _____________

    apple _____________                         baby _____________

    [考题3]I have _____________ friends in Wuhan.

    A. much                       B. a lots of                   C. lots of               D. a lot

       [考题4]连接问题与回答:

    1Do you like French fries?                 a. I like hamburgers.

    2Does she like bananas?                   b. No, he doesn’t.

    3Does he like oranges?                    c. Yes, she does.

    4Do they like tomatoes?                   d. Yes, I do.

    5What do you like to eat?                  e. No, they don’t.

     [考题5]

    1She _____________ oranges, but she _____________ apples.

    A. like, don’t like                        B. likes, doesn’t likes

    C. likes, doesn’t like                    D. likes, don’t like

    2_____________ he _____________ a computer?

    A. Does, has                        B. Does, have

    C. Do, have                         D. Is, having

   [考题6]

    1I often _____________ supper before 7:00.

    A. have                        B. eat                    C. have a                            D. have the

    2Today is Mid-Autumn Day. We have _____________ lunch.

    A. a big                 B. a light

    C. big                   D. the big

   [考题7] Do you like _____________ football after class?

    A. to play to                        B. playing

    C. to play                                   D. plays

   [考题8]I like eating _____________. Mum buys two _____________ for lunch.

    A. fish, fish                         B. fish, fishes

    C. fishes, fishes                    D. fish, fishs

    [考题9]

    1I _____________ my mother and I _____________ her very much.

    A. like, like                                B. am like, likes

    C. look like, am like                    D. am like, like

  2)假设你是Kate,看下面的表格, 是非常喜欢, 为有点喜欢, 为根本不喜欢,写出表中所列内容。

Name

hamburgers

tomatoes

apples

Kate

 

Tom

 

Paul

 

    I don’t like ________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[考题10] 1)情景反应。

    B栏中找出与A栏中相对的答语。

                            A

    Does her father like oranges?                        A: Yes, I do.

    Does your sister like ice cream?                      B: No, it isn’t. It’s red.

    What do you like to have for lunch?                   C: In the basket.

    Do you like a broccoli?                             D: No, they don’t.

    Do they like vegetables?                            E: No, he doesn’t.

    Where are the apples?                              F: It’s yellow.

    Is the tomato green?                               G: I like French fries.

    What color is the banana?                   H: Yes, she does. She likes it very much.

2)连词成句,注意字母大小写及标点符号:

    those, are, in, what, English (特殊疑问句)

    ________________________________________________________

    he, like, does, hamburgers (一般疑问句)

    ________________________________________________________

    they, a, have, do, computer(一般疑问句)

    ________________________________________________________

    do, like, not, they, ice cream (陈述句)

    ________________________________________________________

    is, friend, Gina, my, this (陈述句)

    ________________________________________________________

  

6单元(模拟试题)

I. 请根据语境,将所给单词填入下列各句。(5分)

A. apples           B. breakfast         C. carrots

D. hamburgers        E. broccoli          D. dinner

G. potatoes          H. oranges          I. salad

J. French fries

 

  1. Tom likes fruit, so he likes __________ and __________.

  2. What vegetables do you like?

     I like __________, __________ and __________.

  3. I usually drink milk for __________ and __________.

  4. Do you like western food?

     Yes, I like __________, __________ and __________.

 

II. 请根据上下文填写单词,补全短文。(5分)

    Movie star Julia Lopez eats lots of healthy food. For breakfast, she has  ___10___,  ___11___, and  ___12___. For lunch, she likes  ___13___,  ___14___,  ___15___, and  ___16___. And for dinner, she has  ___17___,  ___18___, and  ___19___ for dessert.

 

III. 冠词考场。请选出正确的一项填入空格中。(10分)

A. The            B. 不填         C. an         D. a

  20. I have _________ banana and _________ apple.

  21. Do you like _________ salad? _________ salad is good.

  22. For dinner, she has _________ chicken.

  23. I don’t like _________ apples. What about you, Elena?

  24. This is _________ English book. _________ book isn’t Tom’s.

  25. My brother has _________ soccer ball. But he doesn’t like playing _________ soccer.

 

IV. 选择填空。(10分)

  26. _________ your parents _________ bananas?

    A. Do, like                   B. Does, like                        C. Do, likes

  27. Does Bruce _________ chicken?

     Yes, he _________.

    A. likes, does                       B. likes, do                   C. like, does

  28. _________ your sister _________ salad every day?

     No.

    A. Do, have                  B. Does, have               C. Does, has

  29. My mother _________ fruits, but she likes vegetables.

    A. like                  B. don’t like                 C. doesn’t like

  30. Let’s _________ ice cream!

    A. have                        B. has                   C. to have

  31. _________ lunch, Bill and his brother _________ hamburgers and broccoli.

    A. For, like                  B. For, likes                 C. To, like

  32. Maggie has _________ food for breakfast.

    A. lots                          B. lots of                      C. a lot

  33. Runner eats _________.

    A. good                        B. nice                  C. well

  34. Tom likes salad, but his sister doesn’t like _________.

    A. him                  B. them                 C. it

  35. Eat fruits, they make you _________.

    A. healthy                    B. difficult                   C. interesting

 

V. 请为下列各句选择适当的答语。(5分)

        36. Does she have a tennis racket?          A. Yes, they do.

        37. Do they like these interesting books?     B. You are welcome.

        38. Let’s have carrot ice cream.             C. No, there isn’t.

        39. Thanks a lot.                         D. Sorry, I don’t know.

        40. Is there any salad on the table?           E. That sounds great.

    A. Yes, they do.

    B. You are welcome.

    C. No, there isn’t.

    D. Sorry, I don’t know.

    E. That sounds great.

 

VI.  阅读理解。

A

    请根据短文内容填写表格。

    Bill has a brother Tom and a sister Lily. They have meals together every day. Bill and Tom like apples but Lily doesn’t like them. Lily likes carrots, but Bill hates them. Tom likes fruits but he doesn’t like vegetables. So their parents think they are not very healthy.

 

likes

doesn’t like

Bill

___56___

___57___

___58___

fruits

___59___

Lily

___60___

apples

 

B

    读短文,判断正(T)误(F)。

    One day, Tom and his father go out for a walk. Suddenly they see a big brown dog. The dog begins to bark(汪汪叫). Tom is afraid. He wants to run home. His father says: “Don’t be afraid, Tom. Don’t you know the saying(谚语), a barking dog does not bite(咬人)?”

 

    “Oh, yes,” said Tom, “I know the saying, you know the saying, but does the dog know the saying?”

  61. Tom and his father go home one day.    

  62. They see a big dog barking.    

  63. Tom isn’t afraid of the dog.    

  64. tom wants to run home.    

  65. The dog knows the saying, too.    

 

 

人教新版初中7年级英语上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?讲解与测试 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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