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【转载】新版七年级上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?学习要点及单元测试  

2014-11-22 20:47:56|  分类: 初一上学期 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新版七年级上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?学习要点

 

一.学习重点

【句型】

1Do you like…?

Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

你喜欢……?是的,我喜欢。不,我不喜欢。

2Do they like…?

Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

他们喜欢…?是的,他们喜欢.

,他们不喜欢。

3.Does he / she like…?

Yes, he / she does. No, he / she doesn’t. /她喜欢…?是的,他/她喜欢。

不,他/她不喜欢。

【口语】

1Do you like hamburgers?你喜欢汉堡包吗?

Yes, I do. No, I don’t.是的,我喜欢。/ 不,我不喜欢。

2I like French fries.我喜欢在薯条。

3I don’t like tomatoes.我不喜欢西红柿。

【语法】

可数名词与不可数名词

二.难点讲评

1.Do you like bananas?你喜欢香蕉吗?

释:这是关于行为动词like一般现在时的一般问句及其回答。在改为疑问句和否定句时,主语是第三人称单数,要借助于助动词does;主语不是第三人称单数,要借助于助动词do

例如:I don’t like English very much.  Do you like English?

      She doesn’t like English very much. Does she like English?

2.like

1)行为动词,意为喜欢,其反义词是dislike.

2)介词,意为……一样,其反义词是Unlike.

例如:He looks like his father.他与他父亲长得一样。

3—Yes,I do.是的,我喜欢。

do有两种词性:

1)行为动词,意为,如:Let’s do our homework.咱们做作业吧。

2)助动词,常用于一般现在时,无词义,用于否定句和疑问句中。

例如:—Do you like bananas?你喜欢吃香蕉吗?

—Yes,I do.—是的,我喜欢。

4Let’s have ice cream.咱们吃冰淇淋吧。

释:句中的have具有多种含义。本句中的have意为,而不表示

如:We have apples eveny day. 我们天天吃苹果。

We have three meals every day.我们每天吃三顿饭。

5.Running star Sandra Clark eats lots of healthy food.

跑步明星Sandra Clark吃许多健康食品。

释:(1)lots of=a lot of,表示许多,很多,大量,这个短语可修饰可数名词或不可数名词,通常用于肯定句中,修饰可数名词复数时,相当于many,修饰不可数名词时,相当于much,例如:We have lots of apples.我们有许多苹果。

They have lots of milk.他们有许多牛奶。

(2)healthy food“健康食品healthy是形容词,它的名词是health.意为健康。

6.eat have

释:这两个词均跟有关,但用法不同。

eat指把固体食物放在嘴里吃。have意为吃、喝,常用在三餐名词之前,或meal之前,也可作讲。

如: We eat these things.我们吃这些东西。

We have three eggs for breakfast.早餐我们吃了三个鸡蛋。

7.For breakfast,Tom likes eggs,oranges,and bananas.早餐时,汤姆喜欢吃鸡蛋、桔子和香蕉。

释:for breakfast表示就早餐而言for在此处介词,表示对于,就……而言,后面常跟名词或代词。

For dinner,my mother likes salad and bread.餐,我妈妈喜欢吃沙拉和面包。

英语中,表示一日三餐的词有:

breakfast(早餐),lunch(午餐),dinner(正餐,晚餐),supper(晚餐)

8.have breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper 表示吃早//晚餐

释:1)表示吃三餐中任何一餐时,都不能加冠词(a,an,the)

2at breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner吃早饭/午饭/晚饭时,

before breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner在早//晚饭之前,

after breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner在早//晚饭之后,

in the middle of breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner在早//晚饭中

3)“have+食品+for+三餐(breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner表示三餐吃……”for表示……而言(来说)

如:She often has eggs,bananas and apples for breakfast.她早餐经常鸡蛋、香蕉和苹果

9You are going on a picnic with a group.of friends.你准备与一群朋友进行野餐。

释:1)be going结构是现在进行时态,含义上表示要发生的动作,类似这种用法的动词还有come,go,leave等。

如:I am coming.我就来。

2)go on a picnic“举行野餐go on常与旅游,这是野餐,航海等一类名词连用,表示之意。

例如:They often go on a picnic.他们经常去野餐。

3)动词go常与动词的ing形式连用,表示……

如:go swimming去游泳,go dancing去跳舞,go fishing去钓鱼,go shopping去购物等。

4)a group of表示一群一组,其后常跟复数名词。

如:a group of boys,一群男孩,a group of chickens一群小鸡。

10.Make a list of food to buy.制定一个购物单。

释:句中make a list意为制定一个清单food to buy表示要买的食物,其中动词不定式to buy作定语,修饰前面的名词food

 

 

 

 

三.典型例解

   1.There are three _______ in my family. 

A. people       B. person       C. peoples      D. child

分析:A 本题考查名词单复数形式的运用。people的单复数同形;person的复数形式应是

personschild的复数形式为children。故答案为:A

   2.There are few _____ in the fridge. Let's go and buy some potatoes, carrots and peppers.  A. eggs   B. meat   C. vegetables   D.       fruit

分析:C。本题考查名词单复数形式的运用。由题干few提示,后接可数名词,故排除BD项。根据下文,去买一些洋芋、红萝卜和辣椒。可知冰箱里没有蔬菜了。故选C

   3.My grandfather often reads newspapers _________ breakfast.

A. on       B. in        C. at                     D. of

分析:C。本题考查三餐前介词的用法。依据题意:爷爷经常在早餐时看报纸。表示每天进餐的时间。 其表示法为:at breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner等。故选C

(   )4. —Does Lucy look like Lily?

—Yes, she ____. They ____ the same.

A. does; looks        B. does; look         C. do; looks           D. do; look

分析:B   回答部分用she作主语, 是第三人称单数用does回答;they作主语时谓语动词用原形,故选B

(   )5. —What does Yang Ping look like?

—____

A. He is a student.  B. He is in China.   C. He is twelve.     D. He has a big head.

分析:D   本题考查固定句型的回答。题意为他长得什么样?故选D

(   )6. —Do you know Alice?

—____, I don’t know her.

A. Sorry                B. Yes                   C. OK                   D. Thanks

分析:A   本题考查如何进行道歉。根据回答语中I don’t know her“我不认识她知应先表达歉意。故选A

(   )7. —What color ____ her shoes?

—Black.

A. am                          B. is                      C. are                    D. be

分析:C   本题考查be动词。shoes是由两只组成一双, 常以复数形式出现, 所以be动词用复数, 故选C

(   )8. —Excuse me, is Michael in black pants now?

—No. He’s in ____ coat and ____ pants now.

A. black; a white           B. a black; white    C. black; white       D. a black; a white

分析:B coat是可数名词的单数形式, 其前要用a; pants是复数, 其前不用a, 故选B

(   )9. —Lucy, do you ____ your sister, Lily?

—No, we have different looks.

A. look                        B. look at                     C. look the same    D. look like

分析:D   根据答语我们长得不像可知是问LucyLily是否长相相似或相像。 A looks like B意为“A看上去像B”, look the same单独使用表示长得一样,因此应选D

(   )10. —That’s my bag. Please ____.

—OK.

A. give it to me             B. give me to it      C. give it me          D. give me it

分析: A  本题考查固定短语。表示把某物给某人可用give sb. sth.也可用give sth. to sb.,但如果某物是代词时, 只能用give it/ them to sb.,故选A

四.能力培养

、单项选择 

(     )1. ________ you like ice cream?

        A. Are         B. Am          C. Does         D. Do

(     )2. ________ play table tennis.

        A. Let         B. Lets          C. Let’s         D. It’s

(     )3. ________ does your father have ______ lunch?  Chicken and tomatoes.

        A. What; for    B. What; /        C. How; for      D. How; /

(     )4. Oranges are a kind of ________.

        A. vegetables   B. vegetable       C. fruits         D. fruit

(     )5. What ______ Tom like _______ for breakfast?

        A. does; eat     B. is; eat          C. does; to eat    D. is; to eat

(     )6. –Do you like ice cream for ______ dessert?

        A. a           B. the             C. /            D. an

(     )7. –Does your friend like salad?

        -- _________.

        A. Yes, she like. B. No, she does. C. Yes, she doesn’t  D. No, she doesn’t.

(     )8. I have a cat. It likes fish. It eats _______ every day.

        A. a lot        B. many           C. Lots of        D. much

(     )9. –Does your English teacher sing very _____ ?

        --Yes, She does.

        A. good       B. nice            C. great           D. well

(     )10. –Let’s _______ baseball.

         --OK. Let’s _______.

        A. play; go     B. plays; go        C. play; to go      D. play; goes

、英汉互译

1.吃晚饭 _______________           2、每天 _________________

3a list of food ___________           4a running star ___________

5.    healthy food __________

、根据句意和首字母完成单词

1I have hamburgers for b___________.

2. Here are some tomatoes. Do you like t _________?

3. I like French f _________.

4. I have an ice c_________.

5. Children should (应当) eat lots of v___________.

6. What do you have for d__________?

7. Zhou Jielun is a singing s________.

8. She eats h________ food every day.

9. How m________ apples do you have?

10. I’m going on a picnic with a group of f_________.

、完形填空

Mrs Jones: Which meal do we need most, breakfast, lunch or __1____?

Tony: Dinner.

Mrs Jones: Dinner is the big meal of the day. But I don’t ___2___ we need it most.

Tony: Is lunch the meal we want most?

Mrs Jones: No, ____3___ is the meal we need most. But why?

Kate: It is a long time from night to morning. We have no ____4___.

Mrs Jones: Right! If we don’t have breakfast, we don’t feel ____5____. But what makes a good breakfast?

James: I think we can ____6____ milk, bread, noodles or porridge. ___7____ are good for breakfast.

Mrs Jones: That’s right. We can eat some vegetables and fruits ___8____ the morning, too. They make us healthy.

David: I ____9___ coca cola a lot. Can I have that in the morning?

Mrs Jones: You’d better not. Water is good for you.

Danny: Mum says we can not eat too much things after ____10____.

Mrs Jones: Great, Danny. It may make you sick. After sports you need water and a rest first, not lots of food.

 

(     ) 1. A. fruits            B. food            C. dinner

(     ) 2. A. like             B. know           C. think

(     ) 3. A. breakfast         B. lunch           C. dinner

(     ) 4. A. water            B. food            C. vegetables

(     ) 5. A. good            B. great            C. well

(     ) 6. A. take             B. make           C. have

(     ) 7. A. You             B. They           C. We

(     ) 8. A. for              B. in              C. on

(     ) 9. A. eat              B. bring           C. like

(     ) 10. A. school          B. lunch           C. sports

、用所给词的正确形式填空

1.    –Do you like bananas?

--No, I don’t like __________ (it) at all.

2.    Peter likes ________ (play) basketball.

3.    His mother ________ (not) like French fries.

4.    I like strawberry ice cream, but I don’t like ________. (strawberry)

5.    They like _________ (eat) hamburgers and carrots for lunch.

、按要求改写句子

1.    Linda and Tom like French fries. (改成否定句)

They _____  ______ French fries.

2.    Does Tom like eggs for breakfast? (否定回答)

______, ______ _______.

3.    She doesn’t have lunch. (变肯定句)

She _______ lunch.

4.    My teacher plays basketball. (改一般疑问句)

______ your teacher ________ basketball?

5.    We play volleyball. (变成由Let开头的祈使句)

______ _______ volleyball.

、阅读理解 

Tom: Good evening, Mum.

Mum: Good evening, Tom.

Tom: Do we eat chicken for dinner, Mum?

Mum: No, we eat fish and carrots, dear.

Tom: Mum, I don’t like carrots. I like chicken.

Mum: But we need more vegetables, not only meat. It’s not healthy to eat chicken every day.

Tom: OK. But dad likes chicken, too.

Mum: Well, let’s eat chicken and broccoli tomorrow. (明天)

Tom: That sounds great!

(     ) 1. What do they eat for dinner?

         A. chicken          B. Carrots          C. Carrots and fish

(     ) 2. what does Tom want to eat for dinner?

         A. fish             B. chicken          C. broccoli

(     ) 3. What do they need to eat more?

         A. chicken          B. meat            C. vegetables

(     ) 4. Does Tom’s father like chicken?

         A. No, he doesn’t     B. Yes, he does.      C. We don’t know.

(     ) 5. what will they eat tomorrow?

         A. fish and carrots     B. chicken and fish    C. broccoli and chicken

、任务型阅读

根据材料,请找出Jim Green为家人准备的晚餐,并填写表格。

   Today is my birthday. I want to thank my family for their love. So  I  cook the dinner for

them. I know my mother likes hamburgers and broccoli. But my father likes chicken and tomato

soup. I have a brother. He likes hamburgers, too. But he doesn’t like broccoli. He likes carrots. I

have a sister, too. She likes fish and French fries. I like chicken and strawberries. I will buy these

things for the birthday party.

Mrs Green      Mr Green       brother    sister       Jim

Hamburger and(1)________  (2)_________

  _________  (3)_________

  _________  (4)_________

  _________  (5)_________

  _________

Mrs Green      Mr Green       brother    sister       Jim

Hamburger and(1)________  (2)_________

  _________  (3)_________

  _________  (4)_________

  _________  (5)_________

  _________

 

、书面表达

  写一篇5-8句的短文,介绍你的家人以及他们的饮食习惯(包括他们喜欢或不喜欢食

物、饮料、水果等)。

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

参考答案:

1—5 DCACC      6—10 CDCDA

1have/eat dinner  2. every day   3. 食品单  4. 跑步明星  5. 健康食品

1—5 breakfast, tomatoes, fries, cream, vegetables

     6—10 dinner, star, healthy, many, friends

them, to play, doesn’t, strawberries, to eat

don’t like No, he doesn’t  strawberries  has   Does, play    Let’s play

CCABCCBBCC

CBCBC

broccoli  chicken,  potato soup    hamburgers, carrots   fish, French fries      

chicken, strawberries

、(略)

 

新版七年级上册Unit 6 Do you like bananas?学习要点及单元测试 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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