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There be 句型归纳与练习  

2013-11-10 12:42:07|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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There be 句型归纳与练习   

There be 句型
1. 定义:There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。
2. 结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.
        (2) There are +复数名词+地点状语.
         there是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。句子的主语是某人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。
eg.  ① There is a bird in the tree.   树上有一只鸟。
    ② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom.  我们教室里有一位老师和许多学生。
    ③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。
3.  There be句型与have的区别:
(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。   eg.
   ①He has two sons.   他有两个儿子。
   ②There are two men in the office.    办公室里有两个男人。
(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。
eg.   A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week.  一个星期有七天。
 变脸一:否定句
There be句型的否定式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样,在be后加上not或no即可。注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.。例如:
There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.
There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree.
变脸二:一般疑问句
There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可,此为\"调整法\"。但同时要注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。看看下面两句是如何\"改头换面\"的吧:
There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?
There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?
 变脸三:特殊疑问句
There be句型的特殊疑问句形式有以下三种变化:
① 对主语提问:当主语是人时,用\"Who\'s+介词短语?\";当主语是物时,用\"What\'s + 介词短语?\"。注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:
There are many things over there. →What's over there?
There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room?
② 对地点状语提问:提问地点当然用"Where is / are+主语?\"啦!例如:
There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer?
There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?
③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构:
How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?
How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?
There be 句型专练
一.根据所给汉语完成句子。
1. 桌子上有一本书和两支钢笔。There _____ a book and two pens on the desk.
2. 钱包里有些钱。There ____ some money in the picture.
3. 在吉姆的书包里有一些卡片。____ _____ some cards in Jim’s bag.
4. 里面还有其他的东西吗?_____ _____ anything else in it?
5. 我们学校有许多班。There _____ many _____ in our school.
6. 树上没有鸟。There _____ ______ birds in the tree.
二.选择填空:
1. Are there any maps on the wall? ___
A. There are some.  B. Yes, there is.   C. Yes, there is one.   D. No, there are.
2. How many ____ are there in the picture? A. woman B. women C. buy D. milk
3. There aren’t ___ trees near the house. There is only one. A. any  B. some C. many D. much
4. There ___ two bowls of rice on the table. A. is B. have C. has D. are
5. Are there ___ houses near the river? Yes, there are    .
A. some, some    B. any, some   C. any, any   D. some, any
三.句型转换:
1. There is a woman near the house.(变复数) 2. There are some buses near the hill.(变单数)
3. There are some apples in the tree.(变一般问句)
4. There are some oranges in the glass.(变否定句)
5. Is there a baby in the room?(变复数)
6. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden. (就划线部分提问) ___ ___ in the garden?
7. There is a bookcase in my study. (变一般问句)
 _____ _____ _____ _____ in your study?
8. There is a soccer ball and a basketball on the floor. _____ ____ on the floor?
9. My new dress is in the wardrobe. _____ _______ your new dress?
10. There are some big trees behind my house. _____ _____ ______ big trees?
四.there be 与have区别专练。
1. This desk _____ four legs. 2. ______ some books on the desk.
3. Everyone ______ a dictionary in my class.
4. _______ (没有) knives in the room.
5. I _____ a new sweater. 6. ______ some flowers and a desk in the room.
7. ______ nothing in the bag. 8. They ______ something to eat.


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