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2011-08-23 16:55:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group

  by 还可以表示:“在…旁”、“靠近”、“在…期间”、“用、”


  如:I live by the river.

        I have to go back by ten o’clock.

        The thief entered the room by the window.

        The student went to park by bus.

2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

①What/How about +doing sth.? 

如:What/ How about going shopping?

   ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?

   ③Why not + do sth. ?      如:Why not go shopping?      

   ④Let’s + do sth.           如: Let’s go shopping

   ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.?     如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多  常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能  常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法

      He read the story aloud to his son.


She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。

He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public.


7. not …at all=not …in the slightest 一点也不  根本不  如:

    I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all.


  not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

8.    be / get excited about sth.

=== be / get excited about doing sth.  

=== be excited to do sth. 对……感兴奋 如:

   I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

   I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

9.  end up doing sth    终止做某事,结束做某事  如:

    The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

10.   first of all 首先

.    to begin with 以……开始

     later on 后来、随后

11.  also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

    either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

    too  也 (用于肯定句)   常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake.


13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me!


14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如:

    She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

   enjoy oneself  过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speakers 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成     make up a conversation  编对话

18. one of +(the+ 形容词最高级)+名词复数形式  …其中之一

    如: She is one of the most popular teachers.


19. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

   如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English.


    句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

20. practice/finish/keep/enjoy/mind doing 练习做某事   如:

     She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事=make a dicision to do sth.

decide not to do sth


     LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless=if...not 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。

     I won’t write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写

23. deal with=do with  处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sb./ sth.= be worried about sb./ sth.担心某人/ 某事

   如:Mother worried about his son just now.


25. be angry with sb.=be mad at sb. 对某人生气 如:

    I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps === maybe = probably也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28.  see/find/… sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生

see sb. / sth. do    看见某人做了某事 如:

 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.


29. each other 彼此

30. regard…as …=look on …as 把…看作为….  如:

 The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31.  too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

    much too 太  修饰形容词   如:much too beautiful/cool

32. change…into…=turn … into …将…变为… 

如:The magician changed the pen into a book.


33. with the help of sb. == with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

   如:with the help of Li Lei == with Li Lei’s help


34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 

如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.


35.  instead 代替 用在句末或句首

instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是


  如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai instead.去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。

    I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。

    He stayed at home instead of going swimming.


36.try/do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事

break off   突然终止        

make /use flashcards制作/ 使用抽认卡

make a vocabulary list   制作词汇表

read/speak aloud=read/speak loudly     大声说 /大声朗读

What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?

get the pronunciation right =pronounce right    发音准确

specific advice / suggestions      详细而精确的建议

memorize/recite the words/text 背书

read the textbook       读课本

study English grammar学英语语法

speak quickly/fast     说得很快

impress sb.     感动某人   

be impressed/moved by sb. 被……感动 

My teacher is very impressed.

37. frustrate sb. = make sb. frustrated  使某人沮丧

find sth. frustrating  发现某事沮丧

He finds watching movies frustrating. So he is frustrated.

38. have trouble /difficulty/problem (in) doing sth. 做事有困难 

She had trouble making complete sentences.

look up the words in a dictionary   用字典查阅单词

 feel soft     感觉柔软      listen to tapes     听磁带

listen to the teacher carefully 认真听课  

39. ask sb for help   寻求帮助     He is asking for help.  他正在求救

ask sb. to do sth.   叫/让/请某人做某事

tell sb. about sth.   告诉某人某事

40. improve my listening / speaking skills     提高听力 / 口语技巧

 learn a lot/much 学了很多(东西)      

join an English club 参加英语俱乐部

keep a diary in English用英语写日记  

write original sentences写新颖的句子

practice conversations with sb.        与某人练习对话

the best way to learn English       学英语的最好方法

on duty       值日

It’s one’s duty to do sth.   做某事某人的职责

It’s our duty to distribute to the society

the secret of sth/doing sth.  …的秘密

The secret of becoming a good language learner is practicing . 



1)How do you study for a test? 你怎样为考试做准备?

2)I have learned a lot that way. 用那种方法,我已经学到了很多东西。

3)It’s too hard to understand the voice. 听懂那些声音太难了。

40Memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.


5)Wei Ming feels differently. 卫明有不同的感受。

6)He finds watching movies frustrating. 他觉得看电影让人感到沮丧.

7)She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all.


8) don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有搭档一起练习英语。

9)Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word.


10)It’s amazing how much this helped. 我惊异于这些方法竟如此有用。

11)My teacher is very impressed. 给老师留下了深刻的印象。

12)She had trouble making complete sentences. 她很难造出完整的句子。

13)What do you think you are doing? 你在做什么?

14)Most people speak English as a second language.


15)How do we deal with our problem? 我们怎样处理我们的问题?

16)It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers.


He can’t walk or even speak.他无法走路,甚至无法说话。

Unit 2

1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

 否定形式: didn’t use to do sth.

如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球。

     Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

     He didn’t use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟。

2. 反意疑问句

   ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn’t she?

                             Lily will go to China, won’t she?

   ②否定陈述句+肯定提问  如:

She doesn’t come from China, does she?

You haven’t finished homework, have you?

  ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn’t she?

  ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。 如:

  He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

They hardly understood it, did they?他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

3. be used to (doing ) sth    习惯于...   

   They are used to talking a lot in English class . 他们习惯于在英语课上多交流。

get used to (doing ) sth   渐渐习惯了..

I get used to the whether here .  我渐渐习惯了这儿的天气。

4. be used for (doing )sth    被用于做...  (接名词或动名词)指用途

  A knife is used for cutting meat .

 be used as ...   (被)当作...用    强调被当作工具或手段

 This thing can be used as a pen .

be used by ...    (被)...人使用   后接人物,强调使用者

Chinese is used by the largest number of people in the world .

5.play +球类/运动名词    play chess      play computer games   play basketball

.play +乐器名词    play the piano 弹钢琴 play the guitar弹吉他

6. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

   如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking

    English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

   interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

  interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

7. still 仍然,还 

  用在be 动词的后面 如:I’m still a student.

    用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.

8. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗

9.  be terrified of sth.  对。。恐惧,如:I am terrified of the dark.

be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking English .

be terrified at /with   被...吓一跳    I was terrified at the bad news .

be afraid of 害怕。。

I was afraid of being alone.

be afraid to do..  不敢做。。。She is afraid to go out at night.

be afraid that ...   恐怕...     I am afraid that she can’t come .

10. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,

其反义词off.  with the light on 灯开着

11. walk to somewhere 步行到某处  walk to school 步行到学校

12. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

    ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

    ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:

He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着

He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

pay for 花费

如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

13. take   动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有:

  It take sb.    … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.

14. chat with/to sb. about sth  与某人闲聊某事 如:I like to chat with him about studying .


15. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词

  be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 

如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。

  Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

16. all the time 一直、始终

   all day =all day long 整天

   all the morning  整个上午

   all one’s life     一生

17. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:

  A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

    Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

18.  hardly  adv. 几乎不、没有

     hardly ever  很少 


   hardly + 实义动词  如:

  I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

  I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

19. miss  v.  思念、想念、 错过   miss the old days

20. be different from 与…不同 be the same as ... 与…相同

21. how to swim 怎样游泳 

  不定式与疑问词连用, 如:

     The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

     I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

22.  make sb./ sth. + 形容词  make you happy

make sb./ sth. + 动词原形  make him laugh

I have tried to make my mother pay more attention to me.

23. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:

It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

=He seems to have changed a lot.

seem to be +adj.  好象...似乎...

seem to do sth   好象做某事

25.  help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 

help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 

She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。

She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。

26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的 

   fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人

  fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如:

a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。

I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。

27.支付不起…  can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth.

          can’t / couldn’t afford sth.

   如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.

       I can’t/couldn’t afford the car.  我买不起这个辆小车。

28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:

    Zhou runs as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 

30. in the end 最后=at las=finally

31. make a decision to do.. 下决定 下决心 =decide to do..

32. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如:

to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei’s surprise令李雷惊讶

in surprise 惊奇地   He looked at me in surprise.

be surprised 感到惊奇 He was surprised to see him coming back.

33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪=be proud of  如:

   His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:

  You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:

   She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:

   My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

   give in   屈服,让步

He would rather die than give in .  他宁死不屈。

37.不再  ①no more == no longer 如:

        I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球。

     ②not …any more == not …any longer 如:

           I don’t play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球。

38.go to bed   去睡觉(强调上床准备睡觉的动作)

go to sleep 入睡(强调进入睡眠状态)

fall asleep (无意识)入睡

be asleep 表睡着的状态  其中asleep不能用very 来修饰,只能用sound ,fast 等词修饰。

The boy is fast asleep .  这男孩睡得很香。

39. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:

    I have lived in China in the last few years.


40.alone 副词 ,单独 独自(用在名词或代词后)常用作表语。

   He lives alone . 他独自一人生活。

   leave sb /sth alone   不干涉某人(某物)     let alone 更不用说

   lonely 形容词“孤独的 ,寂寞的,人烟稀少的 (地方)

   The old people lives alone in a lonely village ,but he never fells lonely .


41. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事   c 忙于做某事

He is busy cleaning the room .他正在忙于打扫房间。

I am busy with my homework.我正忙于做作业。

42. I’m on the swim team 我是游泳队队员

   Have straight hair 梳直头发            so much time 这么多时间

   Chew gum a lot 常嚼口香糖            go right home 径直回家

   my daily life我的日常生活

   Make you stressed out 使你紧张

Unit 3

1.被动语态 should be allowed to do.. /is(am, are)allowed to do..

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如:

  Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。

 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如:

  LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。

Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

 让/使(别人)做某事  get sth. done(过去分词)

             have sth. done        如:

 I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车

4. enough 足够 

 形容词+enough  如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

  enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物

  enough  to  足够…去做… 如:

   I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

      She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。

5.  stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话。

stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话。

   can’t stop doing sth. 忍不住做某事  I couldn’t stop laughing when I heard it.听到那件事,我忍不住大笑                              

6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth.

it seems that +从句

好象... 似乎... seems to be +形容词

   He seems to feel very sad.

   It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

   Your health seems to be better.  你的健康好象有所好转.

7. 系动词, 常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。 如:

  They are very happy.    He became a doctor two years ago.

She felt very tired.

8. 倒装句:

由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样

  She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

    She went to school just now. So did I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是

    She has finished the work. So have I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。

She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。

由so+主语+系动词/助动词/情态动词 意为:赞同前者说法(主语要一致)

  She is a student. So I am. 她是一个学生,我也是。

    She went to school just now. So I did  . 她刚才去学校了,我也是

    She has finished the work. So I have . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。

    She will go to school. So he  will. 她将去学校,他也是。

9. yet 仍然,还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中

10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until 12:00pm.我经常熬夜到12点。

11. clean up 打扫 整理 如:

  I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。

12. 程度副词:

always总是 usually通常 often经常 sometimes有时hardly ever几乎不 never从不

如:I am always/usually/often/sometimes/hardly ever/never late for school.


13. 曾经做某事: 

  Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

    Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.

14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go

hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)

15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:

   Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

   be strict in sth 对某事(工作)要求严格

   she is also very strict in her work..

16.  take the test 参加考试

pass the test 通过考试

fail a test  考试失败

17. the other day 前几天

18. agree 同意 反义词 disagree不同意 动词

   agreement 同意 反义词 disagreement 不同意 名词

18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词 使某人/某物保持…. 如:

  We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

19. both…and… +动词复数形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play  bastketball.

20. learn (sth.) from sb.  向谁学习(什么) 如:

 Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语

21. have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事

   have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事

   如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.

      I have a chance of going to Beijing.

22. at present 目前

23. at least 最少  at most 最多

24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay

    sth. take (sb.) time to do sth.  It took (me) 10days to read the book.

    sth. cost (sb.) ……        The book cost (me) 100yuan.

    sb. spend … on sth.        She spent 10days on this book.

    sb. spend …doing sth.      She spent 10days reading this book.

    sb. pay … for sth.          She paid 10yuan for this book.

25. have +时间段+off    放假,休息 如:have 2 days off

26. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen.

27. agree with sb. 同意某人      如:I agree with him.

28. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:

Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。

29. success  n.  succeed  v.  successful  adj.  successfully  adv.

30. think about 与think of 的区别 

   ①当两者译为: 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

     I often think about/ of that day. 我经常想起那天。

   ②think about 还有“考虑”之意 ,think of   想到、想出时两者不能互用

    At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

    We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

31. 对… 热衷, 对…兴趣

be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。

be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。

32. practice doing 练习做某事

   She often practice speaking English.

33. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.

34. also  也   用于句中

   either也   用于否定句且用于句末

   too   也  用于肯定句且用于句末

   I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

   I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。

I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。

35 sixteen-year-olds指的是sixteen-year-old boys/girls

36  need 用作情态动词,后跟动词原形,只用于否定句和疑问句。

     Need I do it again? 我是不是需要把它再做一遍。

     A bus is coming, so I needn’t take a taxi. 公共汽车来了,因此我不必乘出租车。

need 用作实义动词 need to do sth 需要做某事

                  need doing sth被需要做某事(表示该动作与主语间具有被动意义)

      she needs to look after her litter brother at home? 她需要在家照看她的小弟弟?                  

      Your shoes need cleaning.= Your shoes need to be cleaned. 你的皮鞋需要擦了。

37  instead of 代替,后接名词、代词、动名词

   You should be out instead of sitting in. 你应该出去而不应该坐在家里。

38  finish doing sth 完成某事

I’ve finished doing my homework. 我已经做完作业了。

39  concentrate on 专心,专著于.....

     I must concentrate on my new jobs. 我必须专注于我的新工作.

40  have+时间+off  休息多长时间  =take+时间+off

I think I’ll take/have the afternoon off. 我想下午歇班.

41  reply to 回答

They replied to his question. 他们回答了他的问题.

42  the importance of....     ...的重要性

the importance of working hard 努力学习的重要性

get in the way of 妨碍  These bobbies can get in the way of schoolwork.

achieve one dream 实现梦想

Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream,

be serious about 对。。认真  I’m serious about running.

Unit 4

1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句      即 虚拟语气


 If 引导的条件状语从句分为真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件


句    型


主   句




  即:(从句)if +主语+动词过去式(be 动词用were),     一般过去时

(主句) 主语+would+动词原形         过去将来时

     如:If I had time, I would go for a walk.


     If I were you, I would take an umbrella.


I would say no if someone asked me to be in a movie. 假如有人请我当电影演员,我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)

2. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事  I pretended to sleep just now.

  pretend +从句 假装…   I pretended that I fell asleep.

3. be late for  迟到 如:

  I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.

4. a few 与 a little 的区别,few 与 little 的区别

   ⑴ a few 一些    修饰可数名词       

      a little 一些     修饰不可数名词      两者表肯定意义

       如:He has a few friends.  他有一些朋友。  

      There is a little sugar in the bottle. 在瓶子里有一些糖。

  ⑵ few  少数的  修饰可数名词        

      little 少数的 修饰不可数名词  但两者表否定意义

      如:He has few friends.  他没有几个朋友。 

        There is little sugar in the bottle.在瓶子里没有多少糖。

5. still 仍然,还  用在be动词之后,行为动词之前 如:

  I am still a student.我仍然是个学生  I still love him.我仍然爱他。

6. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前面有数词或several

一词时要不能加s ,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很

多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people       

几百/千/百万/十亿人   hundreds of trees  上百棵树

7. what if + 从句   如果…怎么办 , 要是… 又怎么样 如:

  What if she doesn’t come? 要是她不来怎么办?

  What if LiLei knows?  如果李雷知道了怎么办?

8. add sth. to sth. 添加…到…   如:

  I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。

9. 系动词与形容词连用    get nervous 变得紧张

  feel shy  觉得害羞     look friendly 看起来友好

10. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如:

   I’m too tired to stand. 我太累了而不能站。




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